- How do I report by financial year, not calendar year ?
- Why does this entry give a "no amount" error even though I wrote an amount ?
- Why do some directives not affect other files ? Why can't I put account aliases in an included file ?
- Why am I seeing some amounts without an account name in reports ?
- With hledger-ui in iTerm2/3, why does Shift-Up/Shift-Down move the cursor instead of adjusting the period ?
- How do I display a decimal separator different from the one in the input file ?
- How do I control the number of decimal places displayed ?
- How could I import/migrate from...
-p/--period 'every year', etc.
show Gregorian calendar years, starting on January 1st.
To show years starting with a different month, use
every 12 months from DATE.
Eg, to show years starting on April 1st (the register command is good for testing this):
hledger reg -p 'every 12 months from 2019-04-01'
To show years not starting on a month boundary, approximate it with
every 365 days from DATE
(this won't be exact for leap years):
hledger reg -p 'every 365 days from 2019-04-06'
2019-01-01 a 1 b
Because there's only a single space between
so this is parsed as an account named "a 1", with no amount.
There must be at least two spaces between account name and amount.
Why do some directives not affect other files ? Why can't I put account aliases in an included file ?
Directives which affect parsing of data vary in their scope, ie the area of input data they affect. Eg, should they affect:
- entries after the directive, in this file only ?
- entries before and after the directive, in this file only ?
- entries and included files after the directive, until this file's end ?
- all entries after the directive, in this and all included or subsequent files, including parent files ?
the number notation specified by
- Eg: the number notation specified by
- all entries in all files ?
the default commodity specified by
- Eg: the default commodity specified by
The differences are partly due to historical accident, and partly by design. We would like to preserve these properties:
- Reordering files does not change their meaning.
- Adding a file does not change the meaning of the other files.
This is why some directives are designed to last only until the end of the current file.
This can be annoying, but it seems worthwhile to ensure reports are
robust, and not changed by simply moving
include directives or
alias directives, when you have multiple files, the workaround
is to put them inline in a top-level file, before including the other
files that the aliases should affect.
Some of hledger's older commands (balance, print, register) show a multi-commodity amount with each commodity on its own line, by default (like Ledger).
Here are some examples.
In the following journal entry, the implicit balancing amount drawn from the
b account will be a multicommodity amount (a euro and a dollar):
2015/1/1 a EUR 1 a USD 1 b
b posting's amount on two lines, bottom-aligned:
$ hledger -f t.j print 2015/01/01 a USD 1 a EUR 1 EUR -1 ; <- b USD -1 ; <- a euro and a dollar is drawn from b
balance command shows that both
b have a multi-commodity balance (again, bottom-aligned):
$ hledger -f t.j balance EUR 1 ; <- USD 1 a ; <- a's balance is a euro and a dollar EUR -1 ; <- USD -1 b ; <- b's balance is a negative euro and dollar -------------------- 0
register command shows (top-aligned, this time!) a multi-commodity running total after the second posting,
and a multi-commodity amount in the third posting:
$ hledger -f t.j register --width 50 2015/01/01 a EUR 1 EUR 1 a USD 1 EUR 1 ; <- the running total is now a euro and a dollar USD 1 ; b EUR -1 ; <- the amount posted to b is a negative euro and dollar USD -1 0 ;
Newer reports like multi-column balance reports show multi-commodity amounts on one line instead, comma-separated. Although wider, this seems clearer and we should probably use it more:
$ hledger -f t.j balance --yearly Balance changes in 2015: || 2015 ===++================ a || EUR 1, USD 1 b || EUR -1, USD -1 ---++---------------- || 0
You will also see amounts without a corresponding account name if you
remove too many account name segments with
(a bug, which we'd like to see fixed):
$ hledger -f t.j balance --drop 1 EUR 1 USD 1 EUR -1 USD -1 -------------------- 0
With hledger-ui in iTerm2/3, why does Shift-Up/Shift-Down move the cursor instead of adjusting the period ?
One way to fix: in iTerm2 do Preferences -> Profiles -> your current profile -> Keys -> Load Preset -> xterm Defaults (not Terminal.app Compatibility). And perhaps open a new tab with this profile.
It's not yet easy to do this with hledger:
There's just one special case where it works, by a quirk of the implementation: if in the journal you use space as thousands separator, comma as decimal separator, and no commodity directive, hledger will print numbers with period as decimal separator:
; journal 2020-01-01 (a) $1 234,56
$ hledger print 2020-01-01 (a) $1 234.56
Here's a more general workaround, post-processing the output with sed. Adjust if needed:
; journal 2020-01-01 (a) $1.234,56
$ hledger print 2020-01-01 (a) $1.234,56 $ hledger print | sed 's/\./~/g; s/,/./g; s/~/,/g' 2020-01-01 (a) $1,234.56
commodity $1000.00 commodity EUR 1.000, commodity 1000.00000000 BTC
With hledger 1.23+, you can also use the
-c/--commodity-style option. Eg:
hledger -c '$1000.00' -c 'EUR 1.000,' -c '1000.00000000 BTC' bal
- download examples/csv/mint.csv.rules, and adjust the
- log in to Mint, go to TRANSACTIONS, scroll to the bottom of the page, click on the "Export all N transactions" link, save it as
mint.csvon your computer
cd ~/Downloads(or wherever you saved it)
hledger import mint.csv
hledger stats and
hledger bal should show lots of data. That's your past data migrated.
Then, if you want to leave Mint, you'll need to replace their automatic import from banks with your own import process.
Or if you want to keep using Mint for that, because you like how they aggregate and clean the data: just periodically re-export from Mint, repeating steps 3-5 above.