Release notes

Major releases and user-visible changes, collected from the changelogs ( hledger, hledger-ui, hledger-web ). Changes in are shown here.

2024-05-02 hledger-1.33.1

hledger 1.33.1

  • process >= seems not strictly needed and is no longer required, improving installability. #2149

  • print and close now show a trailing decimal mark on cost amounts also, when needed to disambiguate a digit group mark.

  • The balance commands' HTML output now includes digit group marks when appropriate (fixes a regression in 1.25). #2196

  • The add command no longer shows ANSI escape codes in terminals that don't support them.

  • Doc updates:

    • import: Skipping -> Date skipping, discuss commodity styles more
    • csv: Amount decimal places: expand, note import behaviour

hledger-ui 1.33.1

  • Require vty-windows- to avoid display problems in recent MS Terminal on Windows.

  • process >= seems not strictly needed and is no longer required, improving installability. #2149

hledger-web 1.33.1

  • Support base64 >=1.0

credits 1.33.1

  • Simon Michael (@simonnmichael)

2024-04-18 hledger-1.33

close enhancements, hledger-ui 'dark' theme, GHC 9.8 support, Apple ARM binaries

hledger 1.33

Breaking changes

  • expr: boolean queries, introduced in hledger 1.30 (2023), no longer allow date: to be used within an OR expression, avoiding unclear semantics which confuse our reports. If you'd like to improve this, see #2178. #2177 #2178

  • Some error messages (date parse errors, balance assertion failures) have changed, which might affect error-parsing add-ons like flycheck-hledger.


  • add, import, web: On MS Windows, don't allow writing to files whose name ends with a period, since it can cause data loss; raise an error instead. I made this change in hledger 1.15 (2019), but it never worked; now it does. #1056

  • balance --budget: The budget report in tree mode was omitting parent accounts with no actual or goal amounts and a single child, instead of showing them as a prefix of the child's name. Now it always shows them, on a line of their own (a bit like --no-elide). It's not a perfect fix, but the budget report code is twisty. #2071

  • check tags: The special date and date2 tags, and the modified and _modified tags generated by --auto, are now also implicitly declared. #2148, #2119

  • Regular expression match group references in CSV if rules, added in hledger 1.32, did not work right when multiple if conditions matched a CSV record. This is now fixed; match group references are now scoped to their local if block. #2158 (Jonathan Dowland)

  • roi now correctly interacts with --value. #2190 (Dmitry Astapov)

  • hledger now requires process- to avoid any vulnerabilities on Windows from HSEC-2024-0003.


  • close has had some enhancements for usability (#2151):

    • It now excludes equity accounts by default; and always excludes the balancing account.

    • It has new --assert and --assign modes, for generating transactions which make balance assertions or balance assignments. There is also a --assertion-type option for changing the assertion/assignment type.

    • It adds a tag to generated transactions, named start, assert or retain depending on the mode.

    • The start tag's value will be a guess of the new file's name, inferred by incrementing a year number in the current file name. Eg, hledger close --migrate on 2024.journal will add the tag start:2025.journal to both transactions. Tags like this can be helpful when reading multiple files, for excluding closing and opening balances transactions (eg with not:tag:start=2025).

    • You can set different tag values by writing the mode option with an argument. Eg: hledger close --migrate=NEWFILENAME.

    • close now supports --round for controlling display of decimal places, like print.

    • examples/multi-year/ is examples/tutorial for managing multiple files with the close command.


  • stats has had some improvements:

    • It now also shows some information about memory usage, when hledger is built or is running with the GHC Run Time System available. (Try hledger stats +RTS -T.)

    • The default output is now more private, hiding file paths and commodity symbols. Those can be added by the new -v/--verbose flag.

    • Output is now more compact and more likely to fit in 80-character lines.

    • When generating multiple outputs with a report interval, reports are now separated by an empty line.

  • Several more kinds of Unicode space are allowed for separating digit groups in numbers. We now support (my guess of the ones that might show up in real world CSV files): space, no-break space, en space, em space, punctuation space, thin space, narrow no-break space, medium mathematical space.

  • Glob patterns in $LEDGER_FILE are now respected. Eg, setting it to *.journal' or 2???.journal now works as expected.

  • When hledger is reading a symbolically-linked journal file, relative paths in include directives are now evaluated relative to the directory of the real linked file, not the directory containing the symbolic link.

  • Date parse errors are now simpler and clearer. They no longer try to repeat (a reconstruction of) the problem date, since the actual problem date is already visible in the highlighted file excerpt.

  • Balance assertion error messages are clearer, and show the difference between expected and actual balance again. With --debug=2 they also show costs.

  • tsv: and ssv: file name prefixes are now supported in addition to csv:. They force the file to be read as a .tsv (tab separated values) or .ssv (semicolon-separated values) file. #2164 (Michael Rees)

  • In CSV rules files, commented lines are now allowed within "if tables". (Dmitry Astapov)

  • balance --budget's CSV and TSV output now shows zeroes instead of nothing when there's no amount.

  • bs,bse,cf,is: Report sections which are empty now show zero as their subtotal. (aragaer)

  • print and close add a trailing decimal mark when needed to disambiguate a single digit group mark. They now also do this for balance assertion and balance assignment amounts. #2176

  • hledger can now be built with GHC 9.8.

  • hledger now requires safe >=0.3.20.


  • add version annotations for features added in 1.32 (hamzashezad)
  • add Text encoding section, mention UTF-8 BOM support #2189
  • journal: note that payee and tag directives can't have tags in comments, unlike account.
  • journal: clarify how auto postings work.
  • journal: list built-in special tag names
  • journal: description/payee/note: clarify
  • journal: amounts/commodities/numbers: cleanups
  • journal: move intro before cheatsheet
  • journal: transactions: explain transaction balancing #2135
  • journal: transactions: mention debits, credits and sign
  • journal: commodity directive: clarify & fix scope of effects #2135
  • journal: D directive: clarify scope #2191
  • journal: split Decimal marks, Digit group marks
  • journal: move complex commodity styles, lot notation topics later
  • journal: drop redundant/wrong Querying with cost or value section
  • journal: cheatsheet: cleanups
  • journal: assertions and ordering/commodities/subaccounts: cleanups
  • csv: matchers: clarify, mention !/& limitation #2088
  • csv: if tables: explain comments and order of application (Dmitry Astapov)
  • add: document the effect of D default commodity directive #815
  • balance: cleanups
  • balance: budget report: moved "Budgets and subaccounts" to the Cookbook.
  • bs,bse,cf,is: update sample output
  • bse: note requirements for checking the accounting equation
  • close: rewrite, give a better technique for excluding opening/closing balance txns #2151
  • import: rename "deduplication" to "skipping", and rewrite
  • examples: expand READMEs, clarify status for examples
  • examples: invoicing: cleanups, renames
  • examples: invoicing: pandoc-make-invoice: don't write to $LEDGER_FILE; remove the REMOVE THIS LINE line
  • examples: csv: daedalus-transactions: update for current daedalus #2171


  • hledger-bar, hledger-simplebal: shellcheck fixes, cleanups (Colin Dean)

  • hledger-bar: Fix an error when NO_COLOR is not defined #2159. Also, it's now more compliant with the spec:

    Command-line software which adds ANSI color to its output by default should check for a NO_COLOR environment variable that, when present and not an empty string (regardless of its value), prevents the addition of ANSI color.

    so one can now temporarily override $NO_COLOR=1 in the environment by setting it empty: NO_COLOR= hledger ...

  • hledger-txnsbycat: added


  • move readFileStrictly to hledger-lib:Hledger.Utils.IO

hledger-ui 1.33


  • Require process to avoid any vulnerabilities on Windows from HSEC-2024-0003.


  • Add a dark theme. (Jonathan Dowland)


  • Allow building with GHC 9.8.

  • Require safe >=0.3.20.

hledger-web 1.33


  • Exclude base64 >=1.0 to avoid compilation failure. #2166

  • Preserve line breaks when showing an error message. #2163 (Martijn van der Ven)


  • Zero amounts are now shown with their commodity symbol. This was mainly to make the sidebar more informative, but also affects and hopefully helps amounts displayed elsewhere. #2140

  • Amounts in the sidebar now also have the amount HTML class.

  • Allow building with GHC 9.8.

  • Require safe >=0.3.20.


  • Mention the -E/--empty flag for hiding zeros, the non-display of costs, and non-zeros that look like zero because of hidden costs.

project changes 1.33


  • Apple ARM binaries are now included in github releases.


  • REGRESSIONS: we now split the bounty between finder and fixer
  • move Developer docs, MOCKUPS, investment-accounting-features to main repo
  • merge LINKS into dev docs page; cleanup
  • drop unused BACKLOG, TODO pages

credits 1.33

Simon Michael, Jonathan Dowland, Ilja Kocken, Colin Dean, Dmitry Astapov, Vekhir, ShrykeWindgrace, Martijn van der Ven, Michael Rees, aragaer, hamzashezad.

2024-01-28 hledger-1.32.3

hledger 1.32.3


  • A performance slowdown since 1.29, especially noticeable with many accounts and transactions, has been fixed. #2153

  • Balance assertions involving mixed-cost balances are checked correctly again (a regression in 1.30). #2150

  • import --catchup works again (a regression in 1.32). #2156

  • --anon is now a deprecated hidden flag that raises an error, but is still usable as --obfuscate (also hidden). #2133

  • Balance assertion error messages are clearer, and show the diff again.

hledger-ui 1.32.3

  • Use hledger-1.32.3

  • Allow vty 6.2, brick 2.3

hledger-web 1.32.3

  • Use hledger-1.32.3

project changes 1.32.3

  • bin/hledger-bar: Fix an error when NO_COLOR is not defined; allow color when NO_COLOR is defined but empty, per no-color spec; and fix shellcheck warnings. #2159 (Colin Dean, Simon Michael)

  • bin/hledger-simplebal: Fix shellcheck warnings. (Colin Dean)

credits 1.32.3

Simon Michael, Colin Dean.

2023-12-31 hledger-1.32.2

hledger 1.32.2


  • In CSV field assignments, %FIELD interpolation and \n can be used together again. #2134

  • In timedot data, numbers beginning with a decimal point are accepted again. #2130

  • In a balance --budget report, --layout=tall no longer hides commodity symbols.

  • Value reports seeing a pathological price chain with 1000 or more steps now write their warning to the console, not a debug log file.


  • Allow megaparsec 9.6


  • Updated: Queries, Periodic transactions, Auto postings, Assertions and costs, Budget report

hledger-ui 1.32.2


  • hledger-ui is now available on Windows (ShrykeWindgrace)


  • Use Notepad as default editor on Windows (ShrykeWindgrace)

  • Allow brick 2.2 (Vekhir)

  • Allow megaparsec 9.6

hledger-web 1.32.2


  • The --base-url option works again. #2127, #2100

  • Startup messages are more accurate and informative, eg with --socket. #2127

  • The non-working --file-url option has been dropped for now. #2139


  • Allow megaparsec 9.6

  • hledger-web's tests now respect and can test command line options.

  • hledger-web's tests now run the app at and port 5000, rather than "any of our IPv4 or IPv6 addresses" and 3000.

2023-12-07 hledger-1.32.1

hledger 1.32.1

  • Fixed: import with multiple files now updates .latest files correctly. (#2125)

  • Fixed: print --round=hard now properly pads/rounds amounts with inferred costs. (#2123)

  • CSV matcher syntax: mention that ! and & can't be used in the same line yet. (#2088)

  • Drop the "a difference of ..." line from balance assertion failure output. I feel it made the message harder to read and isn't really necessary.

  • Declaring the empty payee name with payee "" now works, to let hledger check payees accept payee-less transactions. (#2119)

  • Built-in tags with special meaning like type: and t: are now implicitly declared, so using type: in account declarations or generating t: with timedot letters won't cause hledger check tags to fail. (#2119)

hledger-ui 1.32.1

  • Use hledger-1.32.1

hledger-web 1.32.1

  • Use hledger-1.32.1

2023-12-01 hledger-1.32

More precision control, beancount output, TSV output, --summary-only, strict/idempotent import, CSV rule enhancements, timedot letters, fixes.

hledger 1.32

Breaking changes

  • Display styles and display precision are now managed more carefully during calculations and output, fixing a number of issues (#2111, "Precisiongeddon"). In brief:

    • Cost and value reports, such as print -V, now (1) consistently apply commodity display styles, and (2) do not add or discard decimal digits unnecessarily. (#2105)

    • When "infinite decimals" arise during calculations (eg in value reports, or in prices or roi output), these are now shown limited to 8 decimal digits rather than 255.

    • Non-print-like reports no longer add trailing decimal marks to disambiguate digit group marks (this was an unintended regression in 1.31). (#2115)

    • We now document number formatting adjustments made in certain reports and output formats (hledger manual > REPORTING CONCEPTS > Amount formatting, parseability).


  • Timedot format supports a new letters syntax for easier tagged time logging. (#2116)

  • print has a new beancount output format for exporting to Beancount. This prints journal output more likely (though not guaranteed) to be readable by Beancount.

  • In CSV rules, matchers using regular expressions can now interpolate their matched texts into the values they assign to fields (field assignment values can reference match groups). (#2009) (Jonathan Dowland)

  • In CSV rules, matchers can be negated by prepending !. (#2088) (bobobo1618)

  • Multi-column balance reports (from bal, bs, is etc.) can use the new --summary-only flag (--summary also works) to display just the Total and Average columns (if enabled by --row-total and -A/--average) and hide the rest. (#1012) (Stephen Morgan)

  • All commands that suport csv output now also support tsv (tab-separated values) output. The data is identical, but the fields are separated by tab characters and there is no quoting or escaping. Tab, carriage return, and newline characters in data are converted to spaces (this should rarely if ever happen in practice). (#869) (Peter Sagerson).


  • Journal format no longer fails to parse Ledger-style lot costs with spaces after the {, improving Ledger compatibility.

  • import now does not update any .latest files until it has run without error (no failing strict checks, no failure while writing the journal file). This makes it more idempotent, so you can run it again after fixing problems.

  • print now shows zeros with a commodity symbol and decimal digits when possible, preserving more information.

  • print has a new option for controlling amount rounding (#2085):

    • --round=none - show amounts with original precisions (default; like 1.31; avoids implying less or more precision than was recorded)

    • --round=soft - add/remove decimal zeros in non-cost amounts (like 1.30 but also affects balance assertion amounts)

    • --round=hard - round non-cost amounts (can hide significant digits)

    • --round=all - round all amounts and costs

    For the record: print shows four kinds of amount: posting amounts, balance assertion amounts, and costs for each of those. Past hledger versions styled and rounded these inconsistently. Since 1.31 they are all styled, and since 1.32 they are rounded as follows:

    hledger-1.32 printamtcostbalbalcost
  • The prices command has had a number of fixes and improvements (#2111):

    • It now more accurately lists the prices that hledger would use when calculating value reports (similar to what you'd see with hledger bal -V --debug=2).

    • The --infer-reverse-prices flag was confusing, since we always infer and use reverse prices; it has been renamed to --show-reverse.

    • --show-reverse and --infer-market-prices flags now combine properly.

    • --show-reverse now ignores zero prices rather than giving an error.

    • Price amounts are now shown styled.

    • Price amounts are now shown with all their decimal digits; or with 8 decimal digits if they appear to be infinite decimals (which can arise with reverse prices).

    • Filtering prices with cur: or amt: now works properly.


  • print now styles balance assertion costs consistently, like other amounts.

  • import now works with -s/--strict. And more generally, when reading multiple input files, eg with multiple -f options, strict checks are done only for the overall combined journal (not for each individual file). (#2113)

  • tag: queries now work when reading CSV files. (#2114)

  • Using a .json or .sql file extension with -o/--outputfile now properly selects those output formats.

  • Auto postings no longer break redundant equity/cost detection and transaction balancing. (#2110)

  • Amounts set by balance assignment now affect commodity styles again. (#2091, a regression in 1.30)

  • Timedot quantities with units are parsed more accurately. Eg a quantity like "15m" was evaluated as 0.249999999 not 0.25, and since hledger 1.21, it was printed that way also. Now we round such quantities to two places during parsing to get exact quarter-hour amounts. (#2096)

  • The demo command no longer triggers a JSON decode error in asciinema 2.3.0. It now also shows a better error message if asciinema fails (#2094).

  • Failing balance assertions with a cost now show correct markers in the error message. (#2083)


  • New:

    • Amount formatting, parseability
    • Started new code docs for developers, based in the Hledger module's haddock
  • Updated:

    • aregister
    • commodity directive
    • Commodity display style
    • if table
    • Decimal marks, digit group marks
    • Regular expressions
    • Timedot

hledger-ui 1.32


  • The V key now preserves the valuation mode specified at the command line, if any. (#2084)

  • The hledger-ui package no longer wastefully builds its modules twice.

hledger-web 1.32


  • The hledger-web app on the Sandstorm cloud platform has been updated to a recent version (Jacob Weisz, #2102), and now uses Sandstorm's access control. (Jakub Zárybnický, #821)


  • The --capabilities and --capabilities-header options have been replaced with an easier --allow=view|add|edit|sandstorm option. add is the default access level, while sandstorm is for use on Sandstorm. UI and docs now speak of "permissions" rather than "capabilities". (#834)

  • The Sandstorm app's permissions and roles have been renamed for clarity. (#834)

  • Permissions are now checked earlier, before the web app is started, producing clearer command line errors when appropriate.

  • Account's adeclarationinfo field is now included in JSON output. (#2097) (S. Zeid)


  • The app can now serve on address (exposing it on all interfaces), which previously didn't work. (#2099) (Philipp Klocke)

  • The broken "File format help" link in the edit form has been fixed. (#2103)

project changes 1.32


  • replaced hledger-stockquotes with pricehist

  • added gsheet-csv.hs: fetch a google sheet as CSV

  • added hledger-report1: an example custom compound report, with haskell and bash versions

  • justfile: updated import, time report scripts


  • New:

    • Fidelity CSV rules
  • Updated:

    • roi-unrealised.ledger (Charlie Ambrose)


  • New:

    • Started a weekly This Week In Hledger news post, inspired by Matrix.
    • There's now a News page, for This Week In Hledger etc.
    • hledgermatic, an up-to-date, simple journal-first workflow
    • How to record journal entries: added
    • Reporting version control stats: added
    • Moved regression bounty info from the issue tracker to Developer docs > REGRESSIONS.
  • Updated:

    • Checking for errors
    • Common workflows
    • Ledger
    • Simon's old setup
    • Videos
    • All docs now use the cli class instead of shell for command-line examples, avoiding inaccurate highlighting.


  • website:

    • Fixed the webhook that was not updating the site on git push.

    • Fixed a problem with cloudflare authentication that was preventing automatic TLS certificate renewal on

    • Updated and committed's caddy config and short urls (redirects)

    • Enabled https for and short urls.

    • Updated the redirect (we have reached the top 30 github-starred Haskell projects 🌟 🎉).

    • Set up a self-hosted Sandstorm server, and a public hledger-web instance ( in it that is fully writable (until spammers find it). Use it as a pastebin for examples, eg.

  • Github CI (continuous integration) workflows have been optimised somewhat:

    • Scheduled weekly builds have been disabled, as they were propagating to forks and running wastefully there in some cases.

    • Some repeated rebuilding of the hledger-lib and hledger packages that seems unnecessary has been stopped.

    • hledger-ui no longer builds its modules twice.

    • Haddock testing now done only at release time.

    • renamed main CI workflow and branch to "ci"

  • Tools:

    • .ghci: added an :rmain alias, which is like :main but reloads first - saves typing, and is useful eg when changing --debug level.

    • make haddock-watch is now fast


  • Updated project finance scripts, regenerated the journal with consistent precisions.

  • Updated reports with the last few months of data from Open Collective.

credits 1.32

Simon Michael, Jonathan Dowland, S. Zeid, Charlie Ambrose, Jacob Weisz, Peter Sagerson, Philipp Klocke, Stephen Morgan, bobobo1618.

2023-09-03 hledger-1.31

More tolerant equity/cost matching; print amounts in original style; multi-pivot.

hledger 1.31


  • Multi-pivot: the --pivot option now accepts multiple arguments, colon-delimited, to construct account names from multiple fields. (#2050, Eric Mertens)


  • The print command now more closely replicates the original journal amount styles, which is helpful when round-tripping / cleaning up journal files:

    • Amounts in conversion transactions could be displayed rounded to a lower precision; this no longer happens. (#2079)

    • Amounts could be displayed with extra zeros after the decimal mark; this no longer happens.

    • Amounts could display with a different precision if the journal included a timedot file; this no longer happens.

    • Costs in balance assertions were not displayed with standard styles like other amounts; now they are.

    • Zero amounts were always shown as just "0"; now they are shown with their original commodity symbol and style. (And if an inferred amount has multiple zeros in different commodities, a posting is displayed for each of these.)

  • print no longer displays numbers with a single digit group mark and no decimal mark, which are ambiguous and hard to re-parse. Now if a number has digit group marks the decimal mark will always be shown also. Eg 1,000 (where the comma is a thousands separator) is now shown as 1,000..

  • The check command's balancedwithautoconversion and balancednoautoconversion checks have been renamed to autobalanced and balanced.

  • hledger check recentassertions now reports failures at the first posting that's more than 7 days later than the latest balance assertion (rather than at the balance assertion). This is the thing actually triggering the error, and it is more likely to be visible or at least closer when you are working at the end of a journal file.

    Also, the suggested sample balance assertion now uses the same commodity symbol as in the failing posting (the first, if there are more than one); and, no longer includes a cleared mark.

  • The import command now shows the file path being imported to.

  • With --pivot, desc is now the preferred spelling for pivoting on description.

  • The demo command now ignores an invalid journal file, like the other HELP commands.

  • Debug output for equity conversion postings has been improved, making troubleshooting easier.

  • Allow aeson 2.2, megaparsec 9.5.


  • In journal files, valid multicommodity transactions where the matching non-equity postings can't be auto-detected are no longer considered an error (as they were in hledger 1.29 and 1.30). Now, such transactions are accepted, and --infer-cost has no effect on them. This is similar to the behaviour of --cost, --infer-equity, and --infer-market-prices. (#2045)

  • In journal files, equity conversion postings are now detected more tolerantly, using the same precision as the conversion posting's amount (#2041). Eg, the following transaction is now accepted:

        Assets               -84.01 USD @ 2.495 GEL
          ; ^ 209.60495 GEL, recognised as a match for the 209.60 below
        Equity:Conversion     84.01 USD
        Equity:Conversion   -209.60 GEL
        Assets               209.60 GEL
  • The roi command now reports TWR per period and overall TWR for multi-period reports. (#2068, Dmitry Astapov)

  • The commands list no longer shows bar when hledger-bar is not installed (#2065), and had a few other cleanups.

hledger-ui 1.31


  • Allow megaparsec 9.5

hledger-web 1.31


  • Allow aeson 2.2, megaparsec 9.5

project changes 1.31


  • ft, tt shell scripts for collecting financial and time reports

  • A justfile implementation of ft and tt


  • self-tracking

  • RPG ledger (Eric Mertens)



  • tools, CI: checkembeddedfiles, checkversions

  • Shake: avoid making empty commits

  • make functest-PAT: runs a subset of functional tests

  • Provide a ghc-tags.yaml file to make use of ghc-tags with Hledger easy.

    ghc-tags is a standalone tool to replace the formerly-built-in ":ctags" feature (and I presume ":etags") in GHCi. These walked over the source and produced a TAGS file (in vim-compatible ctags or Emacs-compatible etags format) that allows the relevant editors to quickly navigate around function definitions.

    ghc-tags trips over some of the CPP used in Hledger. The solution is to provide ghc-tags with explicit CPP defines via a YAML file. However, if a YAML file is provided, one also must specify the source paths, as the tool XORs config file | paths-on-command-line.

    See for more information. (Jonathan Dowland)

credits 1.31

Simon Michael, Dmitry Astapov, Eric Mertens, Jay Neubrand, Jonathan Dowland.

2023-06-02 hledger-1.30.1

hledger 1.30.1


  • Add missing files to Hackage release, making it buildable.


  • Replace note about repeated options.

2023-06-01 hledger-1.30

Boolean queries, easier CSV file management, built-in demos, hledger-ui cash accounts screen, fixes.

hledger 1.30

Breaking changes

  • The CSV reader now properly skips all empty lines, as specified by docs. Previously, inner empty lines were not being skipped automatically. You might need to adjust the skip count in some CSV rules files. (#2024)

  • Timedot format now generates a single multi-posting transaction per date line, and supports comments and tags on all lines. (#1754)

  • Timeclock format now supports comments and tags. Descriptions can no longer contain semicolons. (#1220)


  • CSV rules files can now be read directly, as in hledger -f foo.csv.rules CMD. By default this will read data from foo.csv in the same directory.

  • CSV rules files can use a new source FILE rule to specify the data file, with some convenience features:

    • If the data file does not exist, it is treated as empty, not an error.

    • If FILE is a relative path, it is relative to the rules file's directory. If it is just a file name with no path, it is relative to ~/Downloads/.

    • If FILE is a glob pattern, the most recently modified matched file is used.

    This helps remove some of the busywork of managing CSV downloads. Most of your financial institutions's default CSV filenames are different and can be recognised by a glob pattern. So you can put a rule like source Checking1*.csv in foo-checking.csv.rules, periodically download CSV from Foo's website accepting your browser's defaults, and then run hledger import checking.csv.rules to import any new transactions. The next time, if you have done no cleanup, your browser will probably save it as something like Checking1-2.csv, and hledger will still see that because of the * wild card. You can choose whether to delete CSVs after import, or keep them for a while as temporary backups, or archive them somewhere. (Experimental)

  • The balance command has a new --count report type which reports posting counts instead of amounts.

  • Full boolean queries, allowing arbitrary use of AND, OR, NOT (case insensitive) and parentheses for grouping, are now supported. For backward compatibility, these require an expr: prefix. Existing queries work as before, and you can mix and match the old and new styles if you like. (Chris Lemaire)

  • demo: This new command plays brief asciinema screencasts explaining various features and use cases. We will add more of these over time. (Experimental)


  • Add-on commands can now have .js, .lua, or .php file extensions.

  • Generated and modified transactions and postings have the same hidden tags (beginning with underscore) as before, but no longer have visible tags added by default. Use --verbose-tags if you want them added.

  • We now try harder to ensure less (and its more mode) show our ANSI formatting properly in help output. If you use some other $PAGER, you may have to configure it yourself to show ANSI (or disable ANSI entirely, eg by setting NO_COLOR=1). This is now documented in hledger manual > Paging. (#2015)

  • The print command's --match mode has been refined. Previously, similarity completely outweighed recency, so a slightly-more-similar transaction would always be selected no matter how old it was. Now similarity and recency are more balanced, and it should produce the desired transaction more often. There is also new debug output (at debug level 1) for troubleshooting.

  • Miscellaneous commands list updates. Help has been added for all published add-on commands (like hledger-lots).

  • The help command's documentation now mentions an issue caused by a too-old info program, as on mac. (#1770)


  • Unbalanced virtual postings with no amount always infer a zero amount. This is fixing and clarifying the status quo; they always did this, but print always showed them with no amount, even with -x, and the behaviour was undocumented.

  • On windows systems with multiple drive letters, the commands list could fail to show all installed add-ons. (#2040)

  • Balancing a transaction with a balance assignment now properly respects costs. (#2039)

  • The commands list no longer lists non-installed addons. (#2034)

  • Since hledger 1.25, "every Nth day of month" period rules with N > 28 could be calculated wrongly by a couple of days when given certain forecast start dates. Eg ~ every 31st day of month with --forecast='2023-03-30..'. This is now fixed. (#2032)

  • Postings are now processed in correct date order when inferring balance assignments. (#2025)

  • Posting comment lines no longer disrupt the underline position in error messages. (#1927)

  • Debug output is now formatted to fit the terminal width.


  • Miscellaneous manual cleanups.

  • Rewrite introductory sections, Date adjustment, Directives, Forecasting, etc.

  • Add Paging section.

  • Remove archaic mentions of setenv.


  • Renamed: Hledger.Cli.Commands: findCommand -> findBuiltinCommand

hledger-ui 1.30


  • A "Cash accounts" screen has been added, showing accounts of the Cash type.


  • The top-level menu screen is now the default screen. Power users can use the --cash/--bs/--is/--all flags to start up in another screen.

  • "All accounts" screen has been moved to the bottom of the list.

  • Screens' help footers have been improved.


  • The transaction screen's inability to update is now noted.

  • Miscellaneous manual cleanups.

hledger-web 1.30


  • A command line depth limit now works properly. (#1763)


  • Miscellaneous manual cleanups.

project changes 1.30


  • hledger-bar: new script for making simple bar charts in the terminal

  • hledger-install: also list cabal, stack, pip tool versions


  • examples/csv: added a more up-to-date CSV makefile

  • examples/i18: Added sample top level account and type declarations in several languages


  • A shorter, more example-heavy home page on the website.

  • Simplified website and FAQ structure.

credits 1.30

Simon Michael, Chris Lemaire, Yehoshua Pesach Wallach.

2023-04-07 hledger-1.29.2

hledger 1.29.2

Breaking changes

  • 1.29's cleanup of the close command has been continued. Here are all the changes to close since hledger 1.28:

    • The default behaviour is now to print only one transaction: a closing transaction.

    • To print both closing and opening transactions as before, use the new --migrate flag.

    • The accounts closed by default are now just the ALE accounts (accounts declared or inferred as type Asset, Liability, or Equity). If you don't have account types configured, or to close some other set of accounts, provide query arguments that match them. To close all accounts as before, use a . argument to match them all.

    • To print a retain earnings transaction for RX accounts (accounts of type Revenue or Expense), use the new --retain flag.

    • The equity command alias, removed in 1.29, has been restored.

    • The --open-acct option, removed in 1.29, has been restored.

    • The --closing and --opening flags have been renamed to --close and --open. (--close had been removed in 1.29 and is now restored.)

    • The docs have been rewritten. Also the 1.29 release notes now mention the breaking change.

    • The command is marked experimental again.



  • type: queries now "see through" account aliases and pivots, as they did in hledger <1.27, and as acct: queries do. (#2018)

  • The corruption in 1.29's info manual is fixed. (#2023)

  • The 1.29 release notes for periodic reports'/periodic transactions' start dates have been improved. Also the hledger manual's "Date adjustment" section has been corrected and clarified.

hledger-ui 1.29.2


  • A pager is used to show --help output when needed, as in hledger.


  • The corruption in 1.29's info manual is fixed. (#2023)

hledger-web 1.29.2


  • A pager is used to show --help output when needed, as in hledger.


  • The corruption in 1.29's info manual is fixed. (#2023)

project changes 1.29.2


  • hledger-install: re-enable hledger-interest, hledger-iadd; add hledger-lots

credits 1.29.2

Simon Michael

2023-03-16 hledger-1.29.1

hledger 1.29.1


  • Hledger.Cli.Script now also exports


    and new string helpers

  • Allow building with GHC 9.6.1 (#2011)


  • The stats report no longer displays "Exact" in front of dates. (#2012)


  • remove duplicate in hledger close docs (Yehoshua Pesach Wallach)

hledger-ui 1.29.1

  • Allow building with GHC 9.6.1 (#2011)

hledger-web 1.29.1

  • Allow building with GHC 9.6.1 (#2011)

2023-03-11 hledger-1.29

Tag checking, flexible multi-period start dates, flexible cost/conversion posting combining, new commands list, hledger manual reorg, easier close command, 10% more Ledger file compatible

hledger 1.29

Breaking changes

  • Weekly reports are no longer automatically adjusted to start on a monday; in some cases you might need to adjust their start date to preserve simple week headings (see below).


  • In journal format there is now a tag directive for declaring tag names, and the check command now has a tags check to enforce use of declared tag names.

  • Periodic transactions and multi-period reports can now start on any date. To enable this while still maintaining pretty good backward compatibility, hledger now treats inferred dates, and dates where the day is unspecified, as "flexible" (which can be automatically adjusted to interval boundaries), and dates specified to the day as "exact" (which can not). Eg:

    • A periodic rule like ~ monthly from 2023-01-15 now works as you'd expect instead of raising an error. This also improves our ability to read Ledger files.

    • Period options like -p 'monthly from 2023/1/15' or -M -b 2023/1/15 now start the report on exactly 1/15 instead of being adjusted to 1/1.

    Note: periods using in may look partial but are considered to specify exact dates. So weekly reports such as -p 'weekly in 2023-01', which previously were adjusted to start on a monday, will now start exactly on 2023-01-01. This can also cause more verbose column headings. To guarantee simple week headings, you must now start such reports exactly on a monday, eg -p 'weekly from 2022-12-26 to 2023-02'. (#1982)

  • You can now freely combine @/@@ notation and conversion postings in a single transaction. This can help readability, and also allows more flexibility when recording cost. hledger will check that the two notations are in agreement, and ignore the redundancy if they are. (Conversion postings are postings to accounts with type V/Conversion or name equity:conversion/equity:trade/equity:trading, or subaccounts of these. See also COST.)


  • hledger's commands list has been reorganised for clarity. More add-on commands are now recognised and categorised, and unrecognised add-on commands are listed in a more compact multi-column layout. (Simon Michael, Michael Grünewald)

  • hledger's commands list and command line help now use ANSI (bold headings) when supported.

  • hledger's commands list and command line help now use a pager (respecting $PAGER) for long output except on MS Windows.

  • hledger's --version output no longer shows + for dev builds made in dirty repos (it was buggy).

  • The add command's Description completions now also include payee names (declared with payee or recorded in transactions with |), not just full descriptions.

  • aregister now supports HTML output. (#1996) (Jonathan Dowland)

  • aregister now shows a " (matching query)" hint in report title when extra query args (other than date: or depth:) are used, to reduce confusion.

  • close now has three modes, --retain/--migrate/--open, clarifying its uses and providing more useful defaults.

  • register-match is now the --match mode of the register command. (This command was used by ledger-autosync at one point; if you still need it, hopefully register --match works similarly.)

  • print-unique has been dropped, because it doesn't support print's options, it disorders same-day transactions, I don't know of any users or use cases, and it could easily be recreated as an addon script.

  • print's JSON output now also includes source positions for --forecast transactions. (Chris Lemaire)

  • Journal format now allows the empty commodity symbol to be written as "", so it's now possible to declare market prices for it: P 2022-01-01 "" $100. This can be useful for timedot data.

  • Inferring costs from equity now happens after transaction balancing, not before. As a result, --infer-costs now works in transactions where an amount is left blank.

  • account declarations now reject parenthesised account names, reducing confusion. (Chris Lemaire)

  • Our journal reader now accepts more Ledger syntax, improving Ledger file compatibility (#1962). We now test our ability to at least read the sample journals from Ledger's baseline functional tests, and our success rate has improved from 80% to 90% since 1.28.

    • since is accepted as synonym of from in period expressions
    • apply year and year are accepted as synonyms of Y
    • (lot notes) in amounts and ((valuation expressions)) after amounts are now ignored
    • directives A, assert, bucket, capture, check, define, expr, eval, python, value, apply fixed, apply tag, end apply fixed, end apply tag, end apply year are now ignored
    • subdirectives of payee, tag, and commodity (other than format) are now ignored
    • pop directive is no longer supported
  • When reading CSV, we now check that assigned account names are valid (parseable). (#1978)


  • aregister now handles an extra account query correctly. (#2007)

  • balance's --help now mentions --layout=tidy

  • Balance commands with --layout=bare now generate proper table layout in HTML output.

  • register's -w/--width option no longer gives ugly parse error messages.

  • stats's --help no longer wrongly claims to support -O/--output-format.

  • Balance assignments with a cost now generate a correct balance assertion. (#1965)

  • The CSV reader now properly skips header lines before attempting to parse records. (#1967)


  • Scripts can now use Hledger.Cli.Script, a convenient new prelude which helps reduce import boilerplate. It currently re-exports:

    Text.Printf hiding (formatString)
    Data.Text (Text, pack, unpack)
    Safe hiding (at)
    Hledger.Cli.Main (argsToCliOpts)

    (Not much of Data.Text/Data.Text.IO because those need to be qualified.)


  • chunk the hledger manual into parts, rename and rearrange sections for better structure/flow
  • add a cheatsheet demonstrating all the main journal features that I recommend
  • move a number of my not-so-recommended journal features into a less visible "Other syntax" section
  • add: payees/descriptions completion
  • areg: more advice on account-matching
  • bal: --budget: clarify use of print --forecast
  • bal: budget: compare with forecasting; add some tips
  • balance cleanups/reorder
  • check: adjacentconversionpostings was dropped
  • cli: balance: fix link to Budgeting page
  • cli: fix all links to Journal > Tags / Commands > tags
  • codes: improve example suggested by Rob Nielsen
  • csv, timeclock, timedot: clarify comment lines (#1953)
  • csv: add new coinbase example
  • csv: clarify amount-in/amount-out docs (#1970)
  • csv: clarify skip/valid csv semantics (#1967)
  • csv: clarify valid CSV requirements and issues (fix #1966)
  • csv: cleanup, reorder, CSV rules tips -> Working with CSV
  • csv: fix wrong if tables doc; rewrite several sections (#1977)
  • csv: flatten, clean up CSV sections
  • csv: improve Amount field / Setting amounts
  • csv: note -in and -out are used together for one posting (#1970)
  • csv: rules factoring tips
  • csv: try to clarify how CSV fields and hledger fields work
  • document --infer-market-prices with signed costs (#1870)
  • fix duplicate market prices heading breaking info navigation
  • import: note a pitfall with multifile import
  • improve Directives summaries
  • introduction/input/output improvements
  • journal: cheatsheet: clarify date tag
  • journal: rewrite Account names, mention brackets/parentheses (#1915)
  • mention pivoting on a tag with multiple values (#1950)
  • more cost notation docs; describe Ledger and Beancount cost notation
  • more mention of posting order effect on inferring cost (#1959)
  • period expressions doc updates
  • Removed redundant paragraph in documentation. (J. B. Rainsberger)
  • rename directive sections, fix many links
  • reorganise commands list, like the CLI
  • reorganise bin/README & the Scripts page, add entries for recent scripts
  • replace "transaction prices" terminology with "costs"
  • tags: discuss multi-values/overriding (#1950)
  • update market price inference docs per sol
  • Updated section on pivoting. Used synonyms for "member" in cases where there could be confusion with the tag named "member." (Robert Nielsen)
  • use more standard and consistent boilerplate in hledger, ui, web man pages
  • virtual postings: improve wording per Robert Nielsen

hledger-ui 1.29

  • In the help dialog, mention that LEFT shows other screens.

  • In the manual, mention shift-up/down config needed for

hledger-web 1.29

  • The add form's typeahead now shows non-ascii text correctly. (#1961) (Arsen Arsenović)

  • In the manual, improve --base-url's description. (#1562)

project changes 1.29


  • hledger-script-example.hs: rename/cleanup
  • sortandmergepostings: new, sorts postings and merges duplicates (Caleb Maclennan, Murukesh Mohanan)
  • hledger-register-max: new, prints the posting with largest historical balance
  • hledger-git: record shows better error output, no longer force-adds ignored files
  • hledger-git: status is fixed, also shows diffs
  • hledger-git: add short command aliases r, s, l
  • hledger-git: -h is fixed
  • hledger-git: pass unrecognised commands to git
  • hledger-install: also install hledger-edit, hledger-plot
  • hledger-install: add support for installing python packages
  • hledger-install: show quieter stack/cabal output
  • hledger-install: align install status list
  • hledger-install: don't list in PATH
  • hledger-install: drop hledger-iadd for now


  • move most dev docs to doc/
  • Scripting hledger: move plugin types table here
  • Scripts: add hledger-plot, hledger-edit, hledger-fifo (Yann Büchau, Simon Michael)
  • update lots mockups, move to Mockups page
  • split Contributor Guide into Contributor Quick Start, LINKS, ISSUES
  • CREDITS: updates, link to github contributors list


  • pr template: mention COMMITS page and prefix convention (#1997)
  • make ghc 9.4 and current stackage nightly the default for dev builds
  • require megaparsec 9.3+ in dev builds, for its useful dbg tool
  • make site-watch: fix runaway recursion, be more verbose
  • new make rules: man-watch
  • new tools: ciwatch, push, pushdocs, gtree
  • misc process updates

credits 1.29

Simon Michael, Chris Lemaire, Caleb Maclennan, Jonathan Dowland, J. B. Rainsberger, Michael Grünewald, Robert Nielsen, Yann Büchau.

2022-12-01 hledger-1.28

new hledger-ui screens, better debug output; accounts, print, csv-reading improvements; new hledger-move, watchaccounts scripts

hledger 1.28


  • The accounts command has new flags: --undeclared (show accounts used but not declared), --unused (show accounts declared but not used), and --find (find the first account matched by the first command argument, a convenience for scripts). Also -u and -d short flags have been added for --used and --declared.

  • A new CSV rule intra-day-reversed helps generate transactions in correct order with CSVs where records are reversed within each day.

  • CSV rules can now correctly convert CSV date-times with a implicit or explicit timezone to dates in your local timezone. Previously, CSV date-times with a different time zone from yours could convert to off-by-one dates, because the CSV's timezone was ignored. Now,

    1. When a CSV has date-times with an implicit timezone different from yours, you can use the timezone rule to declare it.

    2. CSV date-times with a known timezone (either declared by timezone or parsed with %Z) will be localised to the system timezone (or to the timezone set with the TZ environment variable).



  • print --match now respects -o and -O.

  • print --match now returns a non-zero exit code when there is no acceptable match.

  • Support megaparsec 9.3. (Felix Yan)

  • Support GHC 9.4.


  • In CSV rules, when assigning a parenthesised account name to accountN, extra whitespace is now ignored, allowing unbalanced postings to be detected correctly.


  • bin/hledger-move helps record transfers involving subaccounts and costs, eg when withdrawing some or all of an investment balance containing many lots and costs.

  • bin/hledger-git no longer uses the non-existent git record command. (#1942) (Patrick Fiaux)

  • bin/watchaccounts is a small shell script for watching the account tree as you make changes.

hledger-ui 1.28


  • New "Balance sheet accounts" and "Income statement accounts" screens have been added, along with a new top-level "Menu" screen for navigating between these and the "All accounts" screen.

  • hledger-ui now starts in the "Balance sheet accounts" screen by default (unless no asset/liability/equity accounts can be detected, or command line account query arguments are provided). This provides a more useful default view than the giant "All accounts" list. Or, you can force a particular starting screen with the new --menu/--all/--bs/--is flags (eg, hledger-ui --all to replicate the old behaviour).


  • The ENTER key is equivalent to RIGHT for navigation.

  • hledger-ui debug output is now always logged to ./hledger-ui.log rather than the console, --debug with no argument is equivalent to --debug=1, and debug output is much more informative.

  • Support GHC 9.4.

  • Support megaparsec 9.3 (Felix Yan)

  • Support (and require) brick 1.5, fsnotify 0.4.x.


  • Mouse-clicking in empty space below the last list item no longer navigates back. It was too obtrusive, eg when you just want to focus the window. You can still navigate back with the mouse by clicking the left edge of the window.

  • A possible bug with detecting change of date while in --watch mode has been fixed.


  • hledger-ui's internal types have been changed to allow fewer invalid states
    and make it easier to develop and debug. (#1889, #1919).

  • Debug logging helpers have been added and cleaned up in Hledger.Ui.UIUtils: dbgui dbguiIO dbguiEv dbguiScreensEv mapScreens screenId screenRegisterDescriptions

hledger-web 1.28


  • --debug with no argument is now equivalent to --debug=1.

  • Allow megaparsec 9.3 (Felix Yan)

  • Support GHC 9.4

project changes 1.28


  • Miscellaneous improvements.


  • Indian National Pension Service CSV rules (Pranesh Prakash)


  • make site-watch: switch from entr to watchexec.

  • make hoogle-setup, hoogle-serve: run a local hoogle on hledger code.

  • make man-watch-PROG: watch a hledger program's man page as source files change.

credits 1.28

Simon Michael, Felix Yan, Patrick Fiaux.

2022-09-18 hledger-1.27.1

hledger 1.27.1


  • Balance commands using -T -O html no longer fail with an error when there is no data to report. (#1933)

hledger-ui 1.27.1

  • Uses hledger-1.27.1

hledger-web 1.27.1


  • The add form no longer gives an error when there is just a single file and no file field showing. (#1932)

  • Uses hledger-1.27.1

2022-09-01 hledger-1.27

Infer costs from equity postings, new error checks, improved error messages, fixes.

hledger 1.27


  • hledger check recentassertions (and flycheck-hledger in Emacs if you enable this check) requires that all balance-asserted accounts have a balance assertion within 7 days before their latest posting.

    This helps remind you to not only record transactions, but also to regularly check account balances against the real world, to catch errors sooner and avoid a time-consuming hunt.

  • The --infer-costs general flag has been added, as the inverse operation to --infer-equity. --infer-costs detects commodity conversion transactions which have been written with equity conversion postings (the traditional accounting notation) and adds PTA cost notation (@@) to them (allowing cost reporting). See . (Stephen Morgan)


  • Many error messages have been improved. Most error messages now use a consistent, more informative format. (#1436)

  • The accounts command has a new --directives flag which makes it show valid account directives which you can paste into a journal.

  • The accounts command has a new --positions flag which shows where accounts were declared, useful for troubleshooting. (#1909)

  • Bump lower bounds for Diff and githash. (Andrew Lelechenko)

  • GHC 8.6 and 8.8 are no longer supported. Building hledger now requires GHC 8.10 or greater.


  • Account display order is now calculated correctly even when accounts are declared in multiple files. (#1909)

  • At --debug 5 and up, account declarations info is logged. (#1909)

  • hledger aregister and hledger-ui now show transactions correctly when there is a type: query. (#1905)

  • bal: Allow cumulative gain and valuechange reports. Previously, --cumulative with --gain or --valuechange would produce an empty report. This fixes this issue to produce a reasonable report. (Stephen Morgan)

  • bal: budget goal amounts now respect -c styles (fixes #1907)

  • bal: budget goals now respect -H (#1879)

  • bal: budget goals were ignoring rule-specified start date

  • cf/bs/is: Fixed non-display of child accounts when there is an intervening account of another type. (#1921) (Stephen Morgan)

  • roi: make sure empty cashflows are skipped when determining first cashflow (Charlotte Van Petegem) Empty cashflows are added when the begin date of the report is before the first transaction.


  • - an overview of scripts and addons in bin/.

  • paypaljson, paypaljson2csv - download txns from paypal API

  • hledger-check-postable.hs - check that no postings are made to accounts with a postable:(n|no) tag

  • hledger-addon-example.hs - script template

hledger-ui 1.27


  • At --debug=2 and up, log debug output to ./debug.log.

  • Use/require brick 1.0+. (#1889)

  • Use hledger 1.27

hledger-web 1.27


  • Improve the add form's layout and space usage.

  • Pre-fill the add form's date field.

  • Highlight today in the add form's date picker.

  • Focus the add form's description field by default.

  • Allow an empty description in the add form.

  • Use hledger 1.27


  • Respect the add form's file selector again. (Simon Michael, Kerstin, #1229)

project changes 1.27


  • - an overview of hledger's error messages.

  • Rewrite/consolidate cost and conversion docs.

  • New template for github releases, with improved install instructions for binaries.

  • Add modern windows binary install instructions. (Lazar Lazarov, Simon Michael)

  • Fix tables of contents in developer documentation. (Alex Hirzel)

  • Update ACHIEVEMENTS. (Alex Hirzel)

  • Corrected the extension for the CREDITS file. (Pranesh Prakash)

  • Fix broken link in bin/ (David D Lowe)


  • Add example for capital one credit cards CSV. (max thomas)


  • Revive github projects, set up shortcut url

  • Many cleanups and improvements to the CI test and binary-generating github actions. The CI tests for master now also include hledger-lib's doctests.

  • All packages now disallow name shadowing in their code.

  • make scc gives a modern report of code line counts.

  • make ghci-unit-test loads hledger-lib unit tests in GHCI.

credits 1.27

Simon Michael, Stephen Morgan, Alex Hirzel, Pranesh Prakash, David D Lowe, Charlotte Van Petegem, Max Thomas, Andrew Lelechenko.

2022-07-11 hledger-1.26.1

hledger 1.26.1

  • require safe 0.3.19+ to avoid deprecation warning

hledger-ui 1.26.1

  • support doclayout 0.4, brick 0.72+

  • require safe 0.3.19+ to avoid deprecation warning

2022-06-04 hledger-1.26

Miscellaneous improvements.

hledger 1.26


  • register and aregister have been made faster, by

    • considering only the first 1000 items for choosing column widths. You can restore the old behaviour (guaranteed alignment across all items) with the new --align-all flag. (#1839](, Stephen Morgan)

    • discarding cost data more aggressively, giving big speedups for large journals with many costs. (#1828, Stephen Morgan)

  • Most error messages from the journal reader and the check command now use a consistent layout, with an "Error:" prefix, line and column numbers, and an excerpt highlighting the problem. Work in progress. (#1436) (Simon Michael, Stephen Morgan)

  • hledger check ordereddates now always checks all transactions (previously it could be restricted by query arguments).

  • The --pivot option now supports a status argument, to pivot on transaction status.

  • Update bash completions (Jakob Schöttl)


  • Value reports with --date2 and a report interval (like hledger bal -VM --date2) were failing with a "expected all spans to have an end date" error since 1.22; this is now fixed. (#1851, Stephen Morgan)

  • In CSV rules, interpolation of a non-existent field like %999 or %nosuchfield is now ignored (previously it inserted that literal text). Note this means such an error will not be reported; Simon chose this as the more convenient behaviour when converting CSV. Experimental. (#1803, #1814) (Stephen Morgan)

  • --infer-market-price was inferring a negative price when selling. (#1813, Stephen Morgan)

  • Allow an escaped forward slash in regular expression account aliases. (#982, Stephen Morgan)

  • The tags command now also lists tags from unused account declarations. It also has improved command-line help layout. (#1857)

  • hledger accounts now shows its debug output at a more appropriate level (4).

hledger-ui 1.26

  • Uses hledger 1.26.

hledger-web 1.26


  • Don't add link URLs when printing.


  • Now builds with GHC 9.2.

  • Uses hledger 1.26.

project changes 1.26


  • renamed to hledger-simplebal

  • added hledger-git, hledger-pijul

  • fin (and bin) scripts show available scripts and their help

  • renamed to bashrc

  • Get hledger-print-location working. (Stephen Morgan)


  • README cleanup, inspired by feedback from README reviewer Lars Wirzenius.

  • Clearer sponsoring info and more complete sponsor lists on website and README.

  • The new repo keeps track of our public finances (on Open Collective, Liberapay etc.)


  • invoice: calculate dates accurately on last days of month


  • Stackage nightly and GHC 9.2 are now the default for dev builds.

  • CI workflows:

    • Workflows and binaries have more consistent naming, mentioning platform and architecture.
    • The main test workflow is now linux-x64-test, replacing push and pull. It runs for both pushes and pull requests, and generates binaries on every run.
    • Pushes/merges to master, including Simon's, are required to have passed linux-x64-test on another github branch first.
    • Mac and Windows binaries are now stripped also (if applicable).
  • make buildtimes, make buildtimes-cabal show GHC codegen times.

credits 1.26

Simon Michael, Stephen Morgan, Jakob Schöttl, Patrik Keller.

2022-03-04 hledger 1.25

Account type and tag querying, infer equity postings from @ notation, easily-consumed "tidy" CSV output

hledger 1.25

Breaking changes

  • Journal format's account NAME TYPECODE syntax, deprecated in 1.13, has been dropped. Please use account NAME ; type:TYPECODE instead. (Stephen Morgan)

  • The rule for auto-detecting "cash" (liquid asset) accounts in the cashflow report has changed: it's now "all accounts under a top-level asset account, with cash, bank, checking or saving in their name" (case insensitive, variations allowed). So if you see a change in your cashflow reports, you might need to add account directives with type:C tags, declaring your top-most cash accounts.


  • The new type:TYPECODES query matches accounts by their accounting type. Account types are declared with a type: tag in account directives, or inferred from common english account names, or inherited from parent accounts, as described at [Declaring accounts > Account types]. This generalises the account type detection of balancesheet, incomestatement etc., so you can now select accounts by type without needing fragile account name regexps. Also, the accounts command has a new --types flag to show account types. Eg:

    hledger bal type:AL  # balance report showing assets and liabilities
    hledger reg type:x   # register of all expenses
    hledger acc --types  # list accounts and their types

    (#1820, #1822) (Simon Michael, Stephen Morgan)

  • The tag: query can now also match account tags, as defined in account directives. Subaccounts inherit tags from their parents. Accounts, postings and transactions can be filtered by account tag. (#1817)

  • The new --infer-equity flag replaces the @/@@ price notation in commodity conversion transactions with more correct equity postings (when not using -B/--cost). This makes these transactions fully balanced, and preserves the accounting equation. For example:

      a             1 AAA @@ 2 BBB
      b            -2 BBB
    $ hledger print --infer-equity
      a                               1 AAA
      equity:conversion:AAA-BBB:AAA  -1 AAA
      equity:conversion:AAA-BBB:BBB   2 BBB
      b                              -2 BBB

    equity:conversion is the account used by default. To use a different account, declare it with an account directive and the new V (Conversion) account type. Eg:

    account Equity:Trading    ; type:V

    (#1554) (Stephen Morgan, Simon Michael)

  • Balance commands (bal, bs etc.) can now generate easy-to-process "tidy" CSV data with -O csv --layout tidy. In tidy data, every variable is a column and each row represents a single data point (cf (#1768, #1773, #1775) (Stephen Morgan)


  • Strict mode (-s/--strict) now also checks periodic transactions (--forecast) and auto postings (--auto). (#1810) (Stephen Morgan)

  • hledger check commodities now always accepts zero amounts which have no commodity symbol. (#1767) (Stephen Morgan)

  • Relative smart dates may now specify an arbitrary number of some period into the future or past). Some examples:

    • in 5 days
    • in -6 months
    • 5 weeks ahead
    • 2 quarters ago

    (Stephen Morgan)

  • CSV output now always disables digit group marks (eg, thousands separators), making it more machine readable by default. (#1771) (Stephen Morgan)

  • Unicode may now be used in field names/references in CSV rules files. (#1809) (Stephen Morgan)

  • Error messages improved:

    • Balance assignments
    • aregister
    • Command line parsing (less "user error")


  • --layout=bare no longer shows a commodity symbol for zero amounts. (#1789) (Stephen Morgan)

  • balance --budget no longer elides boring parents of unbudgeted accounts if they have a budget. (#1800) (Stephen Morgan)

  • roi now reports TWR correctly

    • when there are several PnL changes occurring on a single day
    • and also when investment is fully sold/withdrawn/discounted at the end of a particular reporting period.

    (#1791) (Dmitry Astapov)


hledger-ui 1.25

  • Uses hledger 1.25.

hledger-web 1.25

  • Uses hledger 1.25.

project changes 1.25


  • now also installs Pavan Rikhi's hledger-stockquotes tool.

  • The bin/hledger-number addon was added.

  • The bin/hledger-check-fancyassertions addon now shows docs in --help.

  • A new invoice-making script was added: examples/invoicing/invoice-script/invoice


  • The RELEASING doc and release process has been updated, and a new helper script added: tools/releaseprep. make hackageupload now only works from a branch named VERSION-branch or VERSION-release. Ie, making releases from master is no longer allowed, a release branch is always required,

  • CI: The commitlint check is more robust, and now runs only in the push to master and pull request workflows, and not eg when building release binaries. linux-x64 binaries are now built with ghc 9.0, not 8.10. Workflow, branch, and binary names have been improved.

  • make ghci-ui/make ghcid-ui now use older ghc 8.10 to avoid ghc 9.0-triggered failures.

  • hls support: The hie.yaml added to help hls work on mac m1 has been moved out of the way, since it probably makes things worse on other architectures.

credits 1.25

Simon Michael, Stephen Morgan, Dmitry Astapov, Patrik Keller.

2021-12-10 hledger-1.24.1

hledger 1.24.1


  • balance --declared is now filtered correctly by a not:ACCT query. (#1783)

  • More reliable --version output, with commit date and without patch level.

hledger-ui 1.24.1


  • An extra "root" account is no longer shown (a regression in 1.24). (#1782)

  • Declared accounts are now filtered correctly by a not:ACCT query. (#1783)

  • More reliable --version output, with commit date and without patch level.

hledger-web 1.24.1


  • More reliable --version output, with commit date and without patch level.

2021-12-01 hledger-1.24

New report layout options with less eliding, hledger-ui mouse support, misc fixes and improvements.

hledger 1.24


  • balance commands provide more control over how multicommodity amounts are displayed. (And they no longer elide too-wide amounts by default.) The --commodity-column flag has been deprecated and replaced by a new --layout option, with three values:

    • wide (the default, shows amounts on one line unelided, like older hledger versions)
    • tall (a new display mode, shows one amount per line)
    • bare (like the old --commodity-columm, shows one commodity per line with symbols in their own column)

    (Stephen Morgan)

  • The balance commands have a new --declared flag, causing them to include leaf (ie, non-parent) accounts declared by account directives, even if they contain no transactions yet. Together with -E, this shows a balance for both used and declared accounts. The idea is to be able to see a useful "complete" balance report, even when you don't have transactions in all of your declared accounts yet. (#1765)

  • journal files now support a decimal-mark directive as a more principled way (than commodity directives) to specify the decimal character in use in that file, to ensure accurate number parsing. (#1670, Lawrence Wu)


  • The stats command now shows rough but useful performance stats: run time and processing speed in transactions per second.

  • balance: support the --related flag, like register, showing the other postings from the transactions. (#1469, Stephen Morgan)

  • roi now uses posting dates when available, and honors the --date2 flag. This will not change the results computed for the typical use-case, it just makes "roi" more thorough/consistent. (Dmitry Astapov)

  • aregister now shows transactions' secondary date if the --date2 flag is used. (#1731)

  • timedot: a D default commodity (and style) declared in a parent journal file will now be applied to timedot amounts. This means they can be priced and valued/converted.

  • cli: The --pretty and --forecast options can now be written after the command name, like other general options. (Stephen Morgan)

  • register -V -H with no interval now values at report end date, like balance. (#1718, Stephen Morgan)

  • Allow megaparsec 9.2.

  • Drop the base-compat-batteries dependency. (Stephen Morgan)


  • prices: Do not include zero amounts when calculating amounts for balance assignments. This is not usually a problem, but can get in the way of auto-inferring prices. (#1736, Stephen Morgan)

  • csv: Successfully parse an empty csv file. (#1183, Stephen Morgan)

  • balance: Balance reports with --depth=0 properly report aggregated values, not zero everywhere. (#1761, Stephen Morgan)

  • prices: Do not try to generate prices when there would be a zero denominator. Also correctly generate reverse prices for zero amounts. (Stephen Morgan)

  • csv: Allow both amount-in and amount-out fields to contain a zero. (#1733, Stephen Morgan)

  • balance: Balance reports should consider date: queries when calculating report span with --date2. (#1745, Stephen Morgan)

  • print: auto: The print command should always display inferred amounts for --auto generated postings. (#1276, Stephen Morgan)

hledger-ui 1.24


  • hledger-ui can now be controlled with mouse or touchpad. Click to enter things, click left margin or bottom blank area to return to previous screen, and use mouse wheel / swipe to scroll.

  • In addition to accounts with postings, hledger-ui now also shows declared accounts, even if they are empty (just leaf accounts, not parents). The idea is to show a useful list of accounts out of the box, when all you have is a starter file with account declarations.


  • The Z key for toggling display of zeroes is now the easier lower-case z.

  • The --watch feature now has a convenient short flag, -w.

  • Drop the base-compat-batteries dependency. (Stephen Morgan)

  • Allow megaparsec 9.2


  • When an invalid regular expression is entered at the / (filter) prompt, we now display an error instead of silently ignoring it. (#1394, Stephen Morgan)

  • Entering the register screen now always positions the selection mid-screen. Previously it would be at bottom of screen on the first entry.

  • Report layout in the terminal is now robust with more kinds of wide characters, such as emoji. (#895, Stephen Morgan)

hledger-web 1.24


  • Allow megaparsec 9.2

project changes 1.24


  • bin/hledger-check-fancyassertions.hs: fix ugly assertion parse errors. (ShrykeWindgrace)

  • bin/hledger-check-tagfiles.hs: Update description, clarify wording. (Pranesh Prakash)


  • Account types: prioritise the short one-letter names, hide the deprecated legacy syntax.

  • Directives: a more compact and accurate overview.

  • examples/templates/basic: A new starter file set, and a place to collect them.

  • Expose more developer docs as separate web pages: CHANGELOGS, COMMITS, RELEASING, etc.

  • Fix a link to developer workflows. (Joaquin "Florius" Azcarate)


  • PR template: Fix our github PR template to use proper comment syntax, and link to more relevant docs. (toonn)

  • cabal.project: Drop obsolete compatibility comment. (#1365, toonn)

  • Bump default stackage snapshot to one avoiding buggy happy version.

  • bin/changelog: a new helper making changelog edits more pleasant.

  • make throughput{,-dev,-EXE}: reports transactions per second for a range of file sizes with the hledger in PATH, hledger dev build, or named hledger executable.

  • make install-as-FOO: build executables and save as bin/hledger*-FOO

  • perf: for comparative benchmarking with Ledger.

  • CI: commitlint: be more forgiving when we can't figure out recent commits (don't check any).

  • CI: commitlint: recognise any commit starting with ‘Merge’ as a merge commit (and ignore it). (Stephen Morgan)

credits 1.24

Simon Michael, Stephen Morgan, toonn, Pranesh Prakash, Dmitry Astapov, ShrykeWindgrace, Joaquin Azcarate, Lawrence Wu.

2021-09-21 hledger-1.23

Capital gains report, separate symbol/number display, command line commodity styling, budget selection, weekday/weekend recurrence, 10% speedup, fixes.

project changes 1.23


  • The bin/hledger-check-fancyassertions.hs addon script, allowing more complex balance assertions, works again. (#1464, Stephen Morgan)

  • Many code cleanups suggested by hlint (Stephen Morgan)


  • Added a public to the hledger repo and website.

  • Website updates:

    • Reorganised site content.
    • Improved page tables of contents.
    • Content fixes.
    • New docs: Currency conversion. hledger and Beancount/GnuCash/Ledger/Quicken.
  • New examples: systemd and nginx configs for hledger-web (Alan Young)


  • make site-watch works again

  • make list-commits and make showauthors show those things.

  • Shake cabalfiles now uses (and requires) hpack in $PATH, to avoid building. It should be the version that's in the current stack release, to avoid commit conflicts.

  • shake: changelogs: A leading semicolon now means "skip most CI steps", not "omit from changelog".

  • ci: most steps are skipped if commit message begins with ;.

  • hledger developers now use GHC 9.0/stackage nightly by default. (#1503)

  • Our doctests are disabled with GHC 9 for now to work around an upstream bug. (#1503, #1615)

  • tools/commitlint is a new tool for hledger developers which checks and describes new commit conventions which simplify maintenance of change docs and releasing. It can be run locally while developing, manually or as a pre-commit hook (ln -sf ../../bin/commitling .git/hooks/commit-msg), and is also run by our CI workflows to check pull requests., tools/commitlint (#1602)

hledger 1.23


  • The balance command has a new --gain report type, showing unrealised capital gains/losses. Essentially, this is the difference between the amounts' costs and their total present value. More precisely, between the value of the amounts' costs and the value of the amounts on the valuation date(s). (Ie, you can report gain in a different currency.) (#1623, #1432, Stephen Morgan, Charlotte Van Petegem)

  • The new -c/--commodity-style option makes it easy to override commodity display styles at runtime, eg to adjust the number of decimal places or change the position of the symbol. (#1593, Arjen Langebaerd)

  • The balance commands have a new --commodity-column flag that displays commodity symbols in a dedicated column, showing one line per commodity and all amounts as bare numbers. (#1559, #1626, #1654, Lawrence Wu, Simon Michael, Stephen Morgan)

  • The balance --budget option can now take an argument, a case insensitive description substring which selects a subset of the journal's periodic transactions for setting budget goals. This makes it possible to keep multiple named budgets in one journal, and select the one you want with --budget's argument. (#1612)

  • Period expressions now support every weekday, every weekendday and every mon,wed,... (multiple days of the week). This is intended for periodic transaction rules used with --forecast (or bal --budget). (#1632, Lawrence Wu)

  • The new --today=DATE option allows overriding today's date. This can be useful in tests and examples using relative dates, to make them reproducible. (#1674, Stephen Morgan)

  • In CSV rules, multi-line comments are now supported. Newlines in CSV data are preserved, or newlines can be added by writing \n when assigning to comment, comment1 etc. (Malte Brandy)


  • Incremental performance improvements; hledger 1.23 is the fastest hledger yet, about 10% faster than 1.22. (Stephen Morgan)

  • register no longer slows down when there are many report intervals. (#1683, Stephen Morgan)

  • Numbers in SQL output now always use decimal period (.), independent of commodity display styles. (Stephen Morgan)

  • --sort now gives a more intuitive sort oder when there are multiple commodities. Negative numbers in one commodity are always less than positive numbers in another commodity. (#1563, Stephen Morgan)

  • --infer-market-price has been renamed to --infer-market-prices. (The old spelling still works, since we accept flag prefixes.)

  • Our pretty-printed JSON now orders object attributes alphabetically, across all GHC and haskell lib versions.

  • register with a report interval starting on custom dates (eg: `hledger reg -p "every 15th day of month") now makes the date column wide enough to show the start and end dates. It also wastes less whitespace after the column. (#1655, Stephen Morgan)

  • In JSON output, object attributes are now ordered alphabetically, consistently for all GHC and haskell lib versions. (#1618, Stephen Morgan)

  • JSON output now indents with 2 spaces rather than 4. (Stephen Morgan)

  • The balance commands' -S/--sort-amount flag now behaves more predictably and intuitively with multiple commodities. Multi-commodity amounts are sorted by comparing their amounts in each commodity, with alphabetically-first commodity symbols being most significant, and assuming zero when a commodity is missing. (#1563, #1564, Stephen Morgan)

  • The close command now uses the later of today or journal's last day as default closing date, providing more intuitive behaviour when closing a journal with future transactions. Docs have been improved. (#1604)

  • Rules for selecting the forecast period (within with --forecast generates transactions) have been tweaked slightly, and some disagreement between docs and implementation has been fixed. Now, the forecast period begins on:

    • the start date supplied to the --forecast argument, if any
    • otherwise, the later of
      • the report start date if specified with -b/-p/date:
      • the day after the latest normal (non-periodic) transaction in the journal, if any
    • otherwise today.

    It ends on:

    • the end date supplied to the --forecast argument, if any
    • otherwise the report end date if specified with -e/-p/date:
    • otherwise 180 days (6 months) from today.

    This is more intuitive in some cases. (Eg: hledger reg --forecast -b 2020-01-01 on a journal containing only periodic transaction rules now shows forecast transactions starting from 2020-01-01, rather than from today.) (#1648, #1665, #1667, Stephen Morgan, Simon Michael)

  • Require base >=4.11, prevent red squares on Hackage's build matrix. (We officially support GHC 8.6+, which means base 4.12, but Hackage shows all packages building successfully with base 4.11/GHC 8.4+ somehow, so it's still allowed..)


  • A rare bug causing incorrect balances to be reported by the cf/bs/bse/is commands, since hledger 1.19, has been fixed. (cf/bs/bse/is with --tree --no-elide --begin DATE and certain account directives could show wrong balances). (#1698, Stephen Morgan)

  • aregister now aligns multicommodity amounts properly (broken since 1.21). (#1656, Stephen Morgan)

  • balance -E (and hledger-ui Z) now correctly show zero parent accounts, fixing a bug introduced in hledger 1.19. (#1688, Stephen Morgan)

  • The roi command no longer gives an ugly error in a certain case with PnL applied on the first day of investment. (Dmitry Astapov)

  • --forecast now generates transactions up to the day before the specified report end date (instead of two days before). (#1633, Stephen Morgan)

  • Certain errors in CSV conversion, such as a failing balance assertion, were always being reported as line 2.

hledger-ui 1.23


  • Depend on hledger 1.23.

  • Require base >=4.11, prevent red squares on Hackage's build matrix.

hledger-web 1.23


  • Drop the obsolete hidden --binary-filename flag.

  • Depend on hledger 1.23.

  • Require base >=4.11, preventing red squares on Hackage's build matrix.


  • Toggle showing zero items properly even when called with --empty. (#1237, Stephen Morgan)

  • Do not hide empty accounts if they have non-empty subaccounts. (#1237, Stephen Morgan)

  • Allow unbalanced postings (parenthesised account name) in the add transaction form. (#1058, Stephen Morgan)

  • An XSS (cross-site scripting) vulnerability has been fixed. Previously (since hledger-web 0.24), javascript code could be added to any autocompleteable field and could be executed automatically by subsequent visitors viewing the journal. Thanks to Gaspard Baye and Hamidullah Muslih for reporting this vulnerability. (#1525, Arsen Arsenović)

credits 1.23

Simon Michael, Stephen Morgan, Lawrence Wu, Jakob Schöttl, Dmitry Astapov, Malte Brandy, Arsen Arsenović, Arjen Langebaerd, Alan Young, Daniel Gröber.

2021-08-07 hledger-1.22.2

hledger 1.22.2

Breaking changes

  • aregister no longer hides future transactions by default. This is a consequence of the fix for #1638. It makes aregister consistent, so we think it's a reasonable change. So if you have future-dated transactions in your journal which you don't want reported, you now must exclude them with -e tomorrow or date:-tomorrow in the command, as with other reports. (Stephen Morgan)


  • Timedot format's doc has been rewritten.


  • Make balance assignments in forecasted transactions work again (broken in 1.22.1). Forecast transactions are now generated early and processed in the same way as other transactions. (#1638, Stephen Morgan)

  • aregister preserves the order of same-day transactions again (broken in 1.22.1). (#1642, Stephen Morgan)

hledger-ui 1.22.2

  • Use hledger 1.22.2.

hledger-web 1.22.2

  • Use hledger 1.22.2.

credits 1.22.2

Simon Michael, Stephen Morgan.

2021-08-02 hledger-1.22.1

hledger 1.22.1


  • Bash shell completions (for hledger, hledger-ui, hledger-web) are now included in the hledger package's release tarballs, making them more likely to be installed by system packages. (Jakob Schöttl)

  • roi docs now discuss how to quote multi-word queries. (#1609, Dmitry Astapov)

  • Allow megaparsec 9.1


  • cur: and amt: queries now match the original amounts before valuation and cost conversion, as they did before hledger 1.22. We believe this is the more useful behaviour in practice. (#1625, Stephen Morgan)

  • Queries now work better with register --related, no longer showing duplicate postings when more than one posting in a transaction is matched. (#1629, Stephen Morgan)

  • Valuation now works with register --related. (#1630, Stephen Morgan)

  • Auto posting rules now also see inferred amounts, not just explicit amounts. (#1412, Stephen Morgan)

  • The aregister command now properly ignores a depth: argument. It might now also behave more correctly with valuation or --txn-dates. (#1634, Stephen Morgan)

  • Our info manuals now have more robust directory metadata (no subdirectory path), making them more likely to be linked in your top-level Info directory by system packages. (#1594) (Simon Michael, Damien Cassou)

  • The error message for a non-existent input file no longer shows excess double quotes. (#1601, Stephen Morgan)

  • Journal format docs: The commodity directive's scope is now correctly described (lasts until end of current file).

hledger-ui 1.22.1


  • Document watch mode and its limitations. (#1617, #911, #836)

  • Allow megaparsec 9.1.


  • Up/down keys work on the transaction screen again (broken since 1.22). (#1607, Stephen Morgan)

  • Fix a possible off-by-one bug with valuation date when using V key on the transaction screen. (If it ever needs to use the journal's last day as valuation date, use that day, not the day after.)

hledger-web 1.22.1


  • deps: Allow megaparsec 9.1.


  • The register chart works again when there are multiple commodities and transaction prices (broken since 1.22). (#1597, Stephen Morgan)

credits 1.22.1

Simon Michael, Stephen Morgan, Jakob Schöttl, Dmitry Astapov.

2021-07-03 hledger-1.22

Optimisations, bugfixes. (announcement)

project changes 1.22


  • We now provide static executables for GNU/Linux on x64 (amd64) and arm32v7 architectures. These are more portable and more likely to work on your linux system than the dynamic Ubuntu executables we have been providing. These will also be useful for users. (#1571) (Garret McGraw)

  • GHC 9.0 support has been added. We have dropped official support for GHC 8.0/8.2/8.4; building hledger now requires GHC 8.6 or newer.


  • The info manuals now have the proper metadata so you or your packager can install them with install-info and they will appear in info's Directory. We also provide a dir file making it easy for developers to see the latest dev manuals in their info Directory. (#1585) (Damien Cassou, Simon Michael)


  • The hledger IRC channels (, ) moved to

  • The hledger Matrix room ( ), is now on at least equal "official" footing with the IRC channel.

  • I upgraded the matrix room to a newer version of the Matrix protocol. This effectively splits it into an old (read only) room and a new room. If you are joined to the old room, you might not have noticed; in your matrix client, please follow the link to the new room, ie

  • I briefly bridged the IRC and matrix rooms, because having two chats (four if we consider #plaintextaccounting) is a pain. I hope to try the experiment again at some point.

hledger 1.22


  • check: A new balancednoautoconversion check requires transactions to balance without the use of inferred transaction prices. (Explicit transaction prices are allowed.) This check is included in --strict mode. The old autobalanced check has been renamed to balancedwithautoconversion. (Stephen Morgan)


  • Many internal optimisations have been applied (cf hledger-lib changelog). Overall, you can expect most reports to be about 20% faster. The register report is more than 2x faster and uses 4x less memory. (Stephen Morgan)

    ~/src/hledger$ quickbench -w hledger-1.21,hledger
    Running 5 tests 1 times with 2 executables at 2021-06-29 13:13:26 HST:
    Best times:
    |                                                    || hledger-1.21 | hledger |
    | -f examples/10000x1000x10.journal print            ||         1.18 |    0.90 |
    | -f examples/10000x1000x10.journal register         ||        12.82 |    5.95 |
    | -f examples/10000x1000x10.journal balance          ||         1.38 |    0.86 |
    | -f examples/1000x1000x10.journal balance --weekly  ||         0.96 |    0.78 |
    | -f examples/10000x1000x10.journal balance --weekly ||        13.07 |   10.79 |
  • ANSI color is now disabled automatically (on stdout) when the -o/--output-file option is used (with a value other than -). (#1533)

  • ANSI color is now also available in debug output, determined in the usual way by --color, NO_COLOR, and whether the output (stderr) is interactive.

  • The --version flag shows more details of the build, when known: git tag, number of commits since the tag, commit hash, platform and architecture. (Stephen Morgan)

  • balance: Capitalisation of "account" and "total" (and lack of a colon in the latter) in CSV output is now consistent for single- and multi-period reports.

  • balance reports' CSV output now includes full account names. (#1566) (Stephen Morgan)

  • csv: We now accept spaces when parsing amounts from CSV. (Eric Mertens)

  • json: Avoid adding unnecessary decimal places in JSON output. (Don't increase them all to 10 decimal places.) (Stephen Morgan)

  • json: Simplify amount precision (asprecision) in JSON output. It is now just the number of decimal places, rather than an object. (Stephen Morgan)

  • GHC 9.0 is now officially supported. GHC 8.0, 8.2, 8.4 are no longer supported; we now require GHC 8.6 or greater.

  • Added a now-required lower bound on containers. (#1514)


  • Auto posting rules now match postings more precisely, respecting cur: and amt: queries. (#1582) (Stephen Morgan)

  • balance reports: Fix empty cells when amounts are too wide to fit (broken since 1.20) (#1526). (Stephen Morgan)

  • csv: Fix the escaping of double quotes in CSV output (broken in 1.21). (Stephen Morgan)

  • register: Fix the running total when there is a report interval (broken since 1.19) (#1568). (Stephen Morgan)

  • stats: No longer gets confused by posting dates. (#772) (Stephen Morgan)

  • timeclock: hledger print shows timeclock amounts with just 2 decimal places again (broken in 1.21). (#1527)

  • When all transaction amounts have the same sign, the error message no longer adds an inferred price. (#1551) (Stephen Morgan)

  • Cleaned up some references to old man pages. (Felix Yan)

hledger-ui 1.22


  • Don't reset the B/V (cost, value) state when reloading with g or --watch. (Stephen Morgan)

  • The accounts screen is a little smarter at allocating space to columns. (Stephen Morgan)

  • Add support for the kakoune editor, and improve the invocations of some other editors. (crocket)

  • The --version flag shows more detail (git tag/patchlevel/commit hash, platform/architecture). (Stephen Morgan)

  • GHC 9.0 is now officially supported. GHC 8.0, 8.2, 8.4 are no longer supported; we now require GHC 8.6 or greater.

  • Added a now-required lower bound on containers. (#1514)


  • Queries in the register screen work again (broken in 1.21). (#1523) (Stephen Morgan)

  • Don't write to ./debug.log when toggling value with V, or when reloading with g or --watch in the Transaction screen. (#1556) (Simon Michael, Stephen Morgan)

hledger-web 1.22


  • The --version flag shows more detail (git tag/patchlevel/commit hash, platform/architecture). (Stephen Morgan)

  • Allow yesod-form 1.7 (Felix Yan)

  • Add now-required lower bound on containers. (#1514)

  • GHC 9.0 is now officially supported. GHC 8.0, 8.2, 8.4 are no longer supported; we now require GHC 8.6 or greater.


  • In the add form, fix a bug where extra posting rows were not added when needed in certain web browsers. (charukiewicz)

credits 1.22

This release was brought to you by Simon Michael, Stephen Morgan, Felix Yan, crocket, Eric Mertens, Damien Cassou, charukiewicz, and Garret McGraw.

2021-03-10 hledger-1.21

More speed; more cli-accessible docs; value change report; improvements to balance reports, valuation and more (announcement)

project-wide changes 1.21

  • roi has a new cookbook doc, and example files have been updated. (Dmitry Astapov)

  • Example CSV rules for the Daedalus wallet have been added.

  • The default stackage resolver/GHC version has been bumped to lts-17.4/ghc-8.10.4.

  • tools/generatejournal now includes more commodities and prices in generated journals. (Stephen Morgan)

  • Our functional tests now also run on BSD. (#1434, Felix Van der Jeugt)

  • Addon scripts in bin/ have been updated for latest hledger API (Stephen Morgan).

  • Addon scripts are now compiled as part of our CI tests, and always with the same version of hledger source they were shipped with. We now require script users to check out the hledger source tree and run the scripts (or, bin/ from there. This keeps users and tests in sync, making things more reliable for everyone. (#1453)

  • Last but not least, hledger's bash completions (provided in ./shell-completions/) have been thoroughly updated (#1404, #1410, Vladimir Zhelezov).

hledger cli 1.21


  • hledger is now generally about 10% more memory- and time-efficient, and significantly more so in certain cases, eg journals with many total transaction prices. (Stephen Morgan)

  • The --help/-h and --version flags are no longer position-sensitive; if there is a command argument, they now always refer to the command (where applicable).

  • The new --info flag opens the hledger info manual, if "info" is in $PATH. hledger COMMAND --info will open COMMAND's info node.

  • The --man flag opens the hledger man page, if "man" is in $PATH. hledger COMMAND --man will scroll the page to CMD's section, if "less" is in $PATH. (We force the use of "less" in this case, overriding any $PAGER or $MAN_PAGER setting.)

  • Some command aliases, considered deprecated, have been removed: txns, equity, and the single-letter command aliases a, b, p, and r. This was discussed at and on the hledger mail list. It might annoy some folks; please read the issue and do follow up there if needed.

  • Notable documentation updates: the separate file format manuals have been merged into the hledger manual, the topic hierarchy has been simplified, the balance command docs and "commands" section have been rewritten.


  • Costing and valuation are now independent, and can be combined. --value=cost and --value=cost,COMM are still supported (equivalent to --cost and --cost --value=then,COMM respectively), but deprecated. (Stephen Morgan)

  • -V is now always equivalent to --value=end. (Stephen Morgan)

  • --value=end now includes market price directives as well as transactions when choosing a valuation date for single-period reports. (#1405, Stephen Morgan)

  • --value=end now picks a consistent valuation date for single- and and multi-period reports. (#1424, Stephen Morgan)

  • --value=then is now supported with all reports, not just register. (Stephen Morgan)

  • The too-vague --infer-value flag has been renamed to --infer-market-price. Tip: typing --infer-market or even --infer is sufficient. The old spelling still works, but is now deprecated.


  • add: Infix matches are now scored higher. If the search pattern occurs in full within the other description, that match gets a +0.5 score boost.

  • add: --debug now shows transaction matching results, useful when troubleshooting.

  • balance: To accomodate new report types, the --change|--cumulative|--historical|--budget flags have been split into two groups: report type (--sum|--budget|...) and accumulation type (--change|--cumulative|--historical). --sum and --change are the defaults, and your balance commands should still work as before. (Stephen Morgan et al, #1353)

  • balance: The --valuechange report type has been added, showing the changes in period-end values. (Stephen Morgan, #1353)

  • balance: With --budget, the first and last subperiods are enlarged to whole intervals for calculating the budget goals also. (Stephen Morgan)

  • balance: In multi-period balance reports, specifying a report period now also forces leading/trailing empty columns to be displayed, without having to add -E. This is consistent with balancesheet etc. (#1396, Stephen Morgan)

  • balancesheet, cashflow: declaring just a Cash account no longer hides other Asset accounts.

  • check: Various improvements:

    • check name arguments may be given as case-insensitive prefixes
    • accounts and commodities may also be specified as arguments
    • ordereddates now checks each file separately (#1493)
    • ordereddates no longer supports the --unique flag or query arguments
    • payees is a new check requiring payee declarations
    • uniqueleafnames now gives a fancy error message like the others
    • the old checkdates/checkdupes commands have been dropped
  • help: The help command now shows only the hledger (CLI) manual, its --info/--man/--pager flags have been renamed to -i/-m/-p, and --cat has been dropped.

  • help: With a TOPIC argument (any heading or heading prefix, case insensitive), it will open the manual positioned at this topic if possible. (Similar to the new --man and --info flags described above.)

  • payees: Add --used/--declared flags, like the accounts command.

  • print: Now always shows amounts with all decimal places, unconstrained by commodity display style. This ensures more parseable and sensible-looking output in more cases, and behaves more like Ledger's print. (There may be a cosmetic issue with trailing zeroes.) (#931, #1465)

  • print: With --match, infix matches are now scored higher, as with the add command.

  • print: --match now provides debug output useful for troubleshooting.

    If you forget to give --match an argument, it can confusingly consume a following flag. Eg if you write:

    hledger print --match -x somebank   # should be: hledger print --match=somebank -x

    it gets quietly parsed as:

    hledger print --match="-x"

    Now you can at least use --debug to figure it out:

    hledger print --match -x somebank --debug
    finding best match for description: "-x"
    similar transactions:
  • roi: Now supports the valuation options (#1417, #1483), and uses commodity display styles. Also the manual has been simplified, with some content moved to the Cookbook. (Dmitry Astapov):

journal format

  • The commodity directive now properly sets the display style of the no-symbol commodity. (#1461)

csv format

  • More kinds of malformed signed numbers are now ignored, in particular just a sign without a number, which simplifies sign flipping with amount-in/amount-out.

hledger-ui 1.21

  • Register screen: also show transactions below the depth limit, as in 1.19, keeping the register balance in agreement with the balance shown on the accounts screen. This regressed in 1.20. (#1468)

  • Transaction screen: all decimal places are now shown. On the accounts screen and register screen we round amounts according to commodity display styles, but when you drill down to a transaction you probably want to see the unrounded amounts. (Like print, #cf #931.)

  • New flags --man and --info open the man page or info manual. (See hledger)

hledger-web 1.21

  • Register: a date range can be selected by dragging over a region on the chart. (Arnout Engelen, #1471)

  • Add form: the description field's autocompletions now also offer declared and used payee names.

  • New flags --man and --info open the man page or info manual. (See hledger)

credits 1.21

This release was brought to you by Simon Michael, Vladimir Zhelezov, Stephen Morgan, Dmitry Astapov, Arnout Engelen, Damien Cassou, aragaer, Doug Goldstein, Caleb Maclennan, and Felix Van der Jeugt.

2021-01-29 hledger-1.20.4

  • aregister: ignore a depth limit, as in 1.19 (#1468). In 1.20-1.20.3, aregister had stopped showing transactions in subaccounts below a depth limit. Now it properly shows all subaccount transactions, ensuring that the register's final total matches a balance report with similar arguments.

2021-01-29 hledger-ui-1.20.4

  • ui: register: show all txns in/under an account at the depth limit (#1468). In 1.20-1.20.3, the register screen had stopped showing transactions in accounts below a depth limit. Now it properly shows all subaccount transactions, even when there is a depth limit, ensuring that the register's final total matches the balance shown on the account screen.

2021-01-29 hledger-web-1.20.4

  • Use hledger 1.20.4.

2021-01-14 hledger 1.20.3, hledger-ui 1.20.3, hledger-web 1.20.3

  • When searching for price chains during valuation/currency conversion:

    • It no longer hangs when there are price loops. (And in case of future bugs, it will give up rather than search forever.) (#1439)
    • It now really finds the shortest path. (#1443)
    • Useful progress info is displayed with --debug=1 or --debug=2.
  • balance, incomestatement: End-valued multi-period balance change reports (eg: bal -MV) have been reverted to show value-of-change, as in previous hledger versions, rather than change-of-value, for now. (#1353, #1428) (Stephen Morgan)

  • balance: End-valued balance change reports now choose the same final valuation date and show consistent results whether single-period or multi-period. (#1424) (Stephen Morgan)

  • balance: the --drop option now works with csv and html output. (#1456) (Ilya Konovalov)

  • check: the commodities check, and -s/--strict mode, now ignore the "AUTO" internal pseudo-commodity. (#1419) (Ilya Konovalov)

  • register: Then-valued multi-period register reports (eg: register -M --value=then) now calculate the correct values. (#1449) (Stephen Morgan)

  • roi: now shows a better error message when required prices are missing. (#1446) (Dmitry Astapov)

  • The no-symbol commodity's input number format can now be set by a commodity directive, like other commodities. (#1461)

2020-12-28 hledger 1.20.2

  • help: Fix loss of capitalisation in part of the hledger-ui manual.

  • help: Fix the node structure in info manuals.

  • Drop unused parsec dependency.

2020-12-28 hledger-ui 1.20.2

  • Fix loss of capitalisation in part of the manual.

  • Fix the info manual's node structure.

2020-12-28 hledger-web 1.20.2

  • Fix the info manual's node structure.

2020-12-15 hledger 1.20.1

  • bal, bs, cf, is: In amount-sorted balance reports, equal-balance accounts are now reliably sorted by name. (Simon Michael, Stephen Morgan)

  • help: Fix the topic hierarchy in Info manuals.

2020-12-15 hledger-ui 1.20.1

  • Fix the F key (toggle future/forecast transactions), which in 1.20 would only work twice. (#1411)

  • Fix loss of forecasted transactions when the journal was reloaded while they were hidden. (#1204)

2020-12-06 hledger-web-1.20.1

  • don't hang when reloading the journal, eg after adding a transaction or editing the file. (#1409)

2020-12-05 hledger-1.20

Strict mode; check command; rendering, speed, and valuation fixes

project-wide changes 1.20

  • examples: clean up & add more budgeting examples; stripe csv

  • a hie.yaml file has been added, so hledger source loads easily in IDEs supporting haskell-language-server

  • The functional tests in tests/ have been moved into the respective packages, eg hledger/test/ and hledger-ui/test/.

  • Shake cabalfiles: now gives an error when it fails

  • make bench: add some large tabular reports; run just the slowest commands by default; run after make (func)test

hledger cli 1.20


  • strict mode: with -s/--strict, hledger requires that all accounts and commodities are declared with directives.

  • Reverted a stripAnsi change in 1.19.1 that caused a 3x slowdown of amount rendering in terminal reports. (#1350)

  • Amount and table rendering has been improved, so that stripAnsi is no longer needed. This speeds up amount rendering in the terminal, speeding up some reports by 10% or more since 1.19. (Stephen Morgan)

  • Amount eliding no longer displays corrupted ANSI codes (#1352, Stephen Morgan)

  • Eliding of multicommodity amounts now makes better use of available space, avoiding unnecessary eliding (showing as many amounts as possible within 32 characters). (Stephen Morgan)

  • Command line help for --no-elide now mentions that it also disables eliding of multicommodity amounts.

  • Query terms containing quotes (eg to match account names containing quotes) now work properly. (#1368, Stephen Morgan)

  • cli, journal: Date range parsing is more robust, fixing failing/incorrect cases such as: (Stephen Morgan)

    • a hyphenated range with just years (2017-2018)
    • a hyphenated date with no day in a hyphenated range (2017-07-2018)
    • a dotted date with no day in a dotted range (2017.07..2018.02)
  • Debug output is prettier (eg, in colour), using pretty-simple instead of pretty-show.

  • csv, timedot, timeclock files now respect command line --alias options, like journal files. (#859)

  • Market price lookup for value reports is now more robust, fixing several bugs (and debug output is more informative). There has been a slight change in functionality: when chaining prices, we now prefer chains of all "forward" prices, even if longer, with chains involving reverse prices being the last resort. (#1402)


  • add: number style (eg thousands separators) no longer disturbs the value that is offered as default. (#1378)

  • bal: --invert now affects -S/--sort-amount, reversing the order. (#1283, #1379) (Stephen Morgan)

  • bal: --budget reports no longer insert an extra space inside the brackets. (Stephen Morgan)

  • bal: --budget reports now support CSV output (#1155)

  • bal, is, bs --change: Valued multiperiod balance change reports now show changes of value, rather than the value of changes. (#1353, Stephen Morgan)

  • bal: clearer debug output, following debug levels policy

  • check: A new command which consolidating the various check-* commands. It runs the default, strict, or specified checks and produces no output and a zero exit code if all is well.

  • check-dates: this command is deprecated and will be removed in next release; use "hledger check ordereddates" instead.

  • check-dupes: this command is deprecated and will be removed in next release; use "hledger check uniqueleafnames" instead.

  • import: The journal's commodity styles (declared or inferred) are now applied to imported amounts, overriding their original number format.

  • roi: TWR now handles same-day pnl changes and cashflows, calculation failure messages have been improved, and the documentation includes more detail and examples. (#1398) (Dmitry Astapov)

journal format

  • The journal's commodity styles are now applied to forecasted transactions. (#1371)

  • journal, csv: commodity style is now inferred from the first amount, as documented, not the last. This was "working wrongly" since hledger 1.12..

  • A zero market price no longer causes "Ratio has zero denominator" error in valued reports. (#1373)

csv format

  • The new decimal-mark rule allows reliable number parsing when CSV numbers contain digit group marks (eg thousands separators).

  • The CSV reader's verbose "assignment" debug output is now at level 9.

hledger-ui 1.20

  • When entering a query with /, malformed queries/regular expressions no longer cause the program to exit. (Stephen Morgan)

  • Eliding of multicommodity amounts now makes better use of available space. (Stephen Morgan)

  • E now parses the HLEDGER_UI_EDITOR or EDITOR environment variable correctly on Windows (ignoring the file extension), so if you have that set it should be better at opening your editor at the correct line.

  • E now supports positioning when HLEDGER_UI_EDITOR or EDITOR is VS Code ("code") (#1359)

  • hledger-ui now has a (human-powered) test suite.

hledger-web 1.20

  • hledger-web's test suite is re-enabled, now included in the main executable. hledger-web --test [-- HSPECARGS] runs it.

  • Fix --forecast, broken in hledger-web since 1.18 (#1390)

  • Fix unescaped slashes in hledger-web description on hackage (TANIGUCHI Kohei)

  • The hledger-web version string is now provided at /version, as JSON (#1152)

  • The session file (hledger-web_client_session_key.aes) is now written in $XDG_DATA_DIR rather than the current directory. Eg on non-Windows systems this is ~/.cache/ by default (cf (#1344) (Félix Sipma)

credits 1.20

This release was brought to you by Simon Michael, Stephen Morgan, Dmitry Astapov, TANIGUCHI Kohei, legrostdg.

2020/09/07 hledger 1.19.1

hledger cli 1.19.1

  • Fix alignment of coloured numbers (#1345, #1349, Stephen Morgan)

  • Fix a regression in account type autodetection for accounts with capitalised names. (#1341)

  • Allow megaparsec 9

hledger-ui 1.19.1

  • Allow megaparsec 9

hledger-web 1.19.1

  • Allow megaparsec 9

  • Drop redundant semigroups dependency (Felix Yan)

2020/09/01 hledger-1.19

New aregister and codes commands, more powerful CSV conditional rules, new sql output format, consistently default to flat mode, better colour control, cashflow report customisable like the others, more number/date/regexp parsing/validation, more speed.

hledger cli 1.19


  • aregister: a new command showing a transaction-oriented register for a single account. This is like hledger-ui, hledger-web, or your bank statement, and unlike the register command which shows individual postings possibly spanning multiple accounts. You might prefer aregister when reconciling real-world asset/liability accounts, and register when reviewing detailed revenues/expenses. (#1294)

  • codes: a new command for listing transaction codes

  • print: a new sql output format has been added (Dmitry Astapov)

  • A --color/--colour command line option, support for the NO_COLOR environment variable, and smarter autodetection of colour terminals have been added. (#1296)

  • In queries, you can now use q or Q to specify a year quarter, like 2020q1 or Q4. (#1247, Henning Thieleman, Stephen Morgan)

  • When specifying report intervals, you can use fortnightly as a synonym for biweekly. (Stephen Morgan)


  • Reports involving multiple commodities now show at most two commodities per amount by default, making multicolumn reports less wide and more readable. Use the --no-elide flag to prevent this.

  • Flat (AKA list) mode is now the consistent default used by all balance reports and other commands showing accounts. (Stephen Morgan)

  • All commands supporting tree/list mode now accept -t and -l as short forms of the --tree and --flat flags. (#1286)

  • account,bal,bs,cf,is: --drop now also works in tree mode (Stephen Morgan)

  • bal,bs,cf,is: tabular balance reports now elide (compress) boring parent accounts, like the non-tabular reports. (Stephen Morgan)

  • bal,bs,cf,is: monthly column headings are no longer be displayed as just the month abbreviations, if multiple years are being displayed.

  • bal --budget: with --cumulative or --historical, column headings now correctly show the period end dates rather than date spans.

  • bs,cf,is: --no-total now hides subtotals as well as the grand total (Stephen Morgan)

  • bs,cf,is: -%/--percent no longer implies --no-total. (Stephen Morgan)

  • roi: errors are now shown without a call stack

  • tags: the new --parsed flag causes all tags or values to be shown, including duplicates, in the order they were parsed. Blank/empty values are omitted by default and can be shown with -E/--empty.

  • Debug output is now organised better by debug level. The levels are:

    1. normal command output only (no warnings)
    2. useful warnings & most common troubleshooting info (valuation, eg)
    3. common troubleshooting info, more detail
    4. report options selection
    5. report generation
    6. report generation, more detail
    7. input file reading
    8. input file reading, more detail
    9. command line parsing
    10. any other rarely needed or more in-depth info


  • Added a missing lower bound for aeson, making cabal installs more reliable. (#1268)

  • When parsing dates, we now require the year to have at least four digits. So eg Feb 1 in the year 10 would need to be written 0010-02-01, not 10/02/01. would need to be written 0200/1/1. This change was made for consistency and to avoid ambiguities; let us know if it causes you trouble.

  • Command line options taking a numeric argument are now validated more carefully to avoid any issues with unexpected negatives or Int overflow. (Stephen Morgan)

  • Numbers with more than 255 decimal places, which we do not support, now give an error instead of silently misparsing. (#1326)

  • Digit groups in numbers are now limited to at most 255 digits each. (#1326)

  • Account aliases (on command line or in journal) containing a bad regular expression now give a more detailed error message.

  • In the argument of amt: queries, whitespace around the operator, sign, or number no longer causes a parse error. (#1312)

  • A tab character could get parsed as part of a commodity symbol, with confusing results. This no longer happens. (#1301, Dmitry Astapov)

  • add: fixed an error in the command line help (arguments are inputs, not a query)

journal format

  • account directives can specify a new account type, Cash, for accounts which should be displayed in the cashflow report. Cash accounts are also Asset accounts.

  • Documentation of account types has been improved.

csv format

  • Conditional rule patterns can now be grouped with the & (AND) operator, allowing more powerful matching. (Michael Sanders)

  • "If tables", a compact bulk format for conditional rules, have been added. (Dmitry Astapov)

  • csv conversion with a lot of conditional rules is now faster (Dmitry Astapov)

  • Invalid csv rules files now give clearer parse error messages. (Dmitry Astapov)

  • Inferring the appropriate default field separator based on file extension (, for .csv, ; for .ssv, \t for .tsv) now works as documented.

hledger-ui 1.19

  • A --color/--colour command line option, support for the NO_COLOR environment variable, and smarter autodetection of colour terminals have been added. (#1296)

  • -t and -l have been added as short forms of --tree and --flat command line flags.

  • Flat (AKA list) mode is now the default for the accounts screen.

  • t now toggles tree/list mode, while T sets the "today" period (#1286)

  • register screen: multicommodity amounts containing more than two commodities are now elided, unless the --no-elide flag is used.

  • register screen: a transaction dated outside the report period now is not shown even if it has postings dated inside the report period.

  • ESC now restores exactly the app's state at startup, which includes clearing any report period limit. (#1286)

  • DEL/BS no longer changes the tree/list mode.

  • q now exits the help dialog, if active; press q again to exit the app. (#1286)

  • The help dialog's layout is improved.

hledger-web 1.19

  • Added a missing lower bound for aeson, making cabal installs more reliable. (#1268)

  • Queries containing a malformed regular expression (eg the single character ?) now show a tidy error message instead "internal server error". (Stephen Morgan, Simon Michael) (#1245)

  • In account registers, a transaction dated outside the report period now is not shown even if it has postings dated inside the report period.

credits 1.19

This release was brought to you by Simon Michael, Stephen Morgan, Dmitry Astapov, Michael Sanders, Henning Thielemann, Martin Michlmayr, Colin Woodbury.

2020/06/21 hledger 1.18.1

hledger cli 1.18.1

  • value reports now work as in 1.17 again; inferring market prices from transactions is now an option, requiring the --infer-value flag. (#1239, #1253)

  • print: amounts in csv output now have commodity symbol, digit group separators and prices removed (Dmitry Astapov)

  • begin more systematic level usage in --debug output

  • journal: document recursive wildcards

hledger-ui 1.18.1

  • Fix F key having no effect (#1255) (Dmitry Astapov)

2020/06/07 hledger 1.18

Fixed JSON output; market prices inferred from transactions; more Ledger file compatibility; more flexible journal entries from CSV; misc. fixes and improvements.

project-wide changes 1.18

  • new example scripts:

    • hledger-combine-balances.hs, hledger-balance-as-budget.hs (Dmitry Astapov)
    • hledger-check-tag-files.hs, hledger-check-tag-files2.hs
  • more CSV rule examples: coinbase, waveapp

  • new CI (continuous integration) system using Github Actions. Thanks to Travis and Appveyor for their service to date. Improvements:

    • one CI service instead of several
    • more closely integrated with code repo
    • tests run on the three main platforms (linux, mac, windows)
    • harmless commits are ignored automatically ([ci skip] no longer needed for doc commits)
    • scheduled and on-demand testing (push to master, push to ci-* branches, pull request, weekly)
    • now tested: all GHC versions, doctests, haddock building
    • new shortcut url:

hledger cli 1.18

  • The --forecast flag now takes an optional argument (--forecast=PERIODICEXPR), allowing periodic transactions to start/end on any date and to overlap recorded transactions. (#835, #1236) (Dmitry Astapov)

  • An upper case file extension no longer confuses file format detection. (#1225)

  • In the commands list, redundant source scripts are now hidden properly when a corresponding .com/.exe file exists. (#1225)

  • We now show .. instead of - to indicate date ranges, eg in report titles, to stand out more from hyphenated dates. (Stephen Morgan)

  • Period expressions (eg in -p, date:, and periodic rules) now accept to, until, -, or .. as synonyms. (Stephen Morgan)

  • When parsing amounts, whitespace between sign and number is now allowed.

  • A clearer error message is shown on encountering a malformed regular expression.


  • commands allowing different output formats now list their supported formats accurately in --help (#689)

  • commands allowing JSON output now actually produce JSON (#689)

  • bal, bs: show .. (not ,,) in report titles, like other reports

journal format

  • We now also infer market prices from transactions, like Ledger. See (#1239).

    Upgrade note: this means value reports (-V, -X etc.) can give different output compared to hledger 1.17. If needed, you can prevent this by adding a P directive declaring the old price, on or after the date of the transaction causing the issue.

  • The include directive now accepts a file format prefix, like the -f/--file option. This works with glob patterns too, applying the prefix to each path. This can be useful when included files don't have the standard file extension, eg:

    include timedot:2020*.md
  • We now accept (and ignore) Ledger-style lot dates ([DATE]) and four lot price forms ({PRICE}, {{PRICE}}, {=PRICE}, {{=PRICE}}), anywhere after the posting amount but before any balance assertion.

  • We now accept Ledger-style parenthesised "virtual posting costs" ((@), (@@)). In hledger these are equivalent to the unparenthesised form.

  • The unbalanced transaction error message is clearer, especially when postings all have the same sign, and is split into multiple lines for readability.

csv format

  • You can now generate up to 99 postings in a transaction. (Vladimir Sorokin)

  • You can now generate postings with an explicit 0 amount. (#1112)

  • For each posting, when both numbered and unnumbered amount assignments are active (eg: both amount and amount1), we ignore the unnumbered ones. This makes it easier to override old amount rules.

  • Fix a 1.17.1 regression involving amount-in/amount-out. (#1226)

  • Assigning too many non-zero or zero values to a posting amount now gives a clearer error. (#1226)

hledger-ui 1.18

  • builds with hledger 1.18

hledger-web 1.18

  • The filter query is now preserved when clicking a different account in the sidebar. (Henning Thielemann)

  • Hyperlinks are now more robust when there are multiple journal files, eg links from register to journal now work properly. (#1041) (Henning Thielemann)

add form

  • Fixed a 2016 regression causing too many rows to be added by keypresses in the last amount field or CTRL-plus (#422, #1059).

  • Always start with four rows when opened.

  • Drop unneeded C-minus/C-plus keys & related help text.

credits 1.18

This release was brought to you by Simon Michael, Stephen Morgan, Dmitry Astapov, Henning Thielemann, Andriy Mykhaylyk, Pavan Rikhi, Vladimir Sorokin.

2020/03/01 hledger 1.17

CSV single-field matching; easier SSV/TSV conversion; fixed/enhanced close command; undo in add command; more JSON output; org headline support in timedot format; GHC 8.10 support.

project-wide changes 1.17

  • hledger-install tweaks

  • Simpler, clearer structure in the manuals and sidebar.

  • A new Quick Start page

  • A new Common Tasks section in the hledger manual

  • A new Invoicing how-to

  • A basic example of rule parsing for the output of csb2format. (Evilham) csb2format deals with the CSB43/AEB43 format, which all banks operating in Spain must support.

hledger cli 1.17

  • hledger's default date format is now ISO-8601 (YYYY-MM-DD). (Brian Wignall, Jakob Schöttl, Simon Michael)

  • Drop the file format auto-detection feature.

    For a long time hledger has auto-detected the file format when it's not known, eg when reading from a file with unusual extension (like .dat or .txt), or from standard input (-f-), or when using the include directive (which currently ignores file extensions). This was done by trying all readers until one succeeded. Recent changes to timedot format have made this unreliable. So now, hledger will no longer guess; when there's no file extension or reader prefix available, it always assumes journal format. To specify one of the other formats, you must use its standard file extension (.timeclock, .timedot, .csv, .ssv, .tsv), or a reader prefix (-f csv:foo.txt, -f timedot:-). Experimental, feedback welcome.

  • More robust quoting of arguments for addons (#457). (Jacek Generowicz) Command lines like hledger ui 'amt:>200' failed, because the process of dispatching from hledger to hledger-ui lost the quotes around amt:>20 and the > character was interpreted as a shell redirection operator.

  • --output-format now rejects invalid formats

  • Numbers in JSON output now provide a floating point Number representation as well as our native Decimal object representation, since the latter can sometimes contain 255-digit integers. The floating point numbers can have up to 10 decimal digits (and an unbounded number of integer digits.) Experimental, suggestions needed. (#1195)

  • Fix finding latest date in queryEndDate Or queries and simplify date comparison code. (Stephen Morgan)

  • Fix extra $ symbol (Mateus Furquim)


  • add: you can use < to undo and redo previous inputs (Gaith Hallak)

  • bs, cf, is, bal, print, reg: support json output

  • bs, cf, is: fix excess subreport columns in csv output

  • bs, cf, is, bal: fix an issue with border intersections in --pretty-tables output. (Eric Mertens)

  • close: fix a rounding bug that could generate unbalanced transactions. (#1164)

  • close: hide cost prices by default, show them with --show-costs. close no longer preserves costs (transaction prices) unless you ask it to, since that can generate huge entries when there are many foreign currency/investment transactions. (#1165)

  • close: equity amounts are omitted by default, for simpler entries; -x/--explicit shows them (usually causing more postings). (#1165)

  • close: --interleaved generates equity postings alongside each closed account, making troubleshooting easier.

  • close: "equity:opening/closing balances" is now the default closing and opening account.

  • close: --close-desc/--open-desc customise the closing/opening transaction descriptions. (#1165)

  • close: some --open*/--close* flags have been simplified for memorability:

    --closing -> --close
    --opening -> --open
    --close-to -> --close-acct
    --open-from -> --open-acct

    The old flags are accepted as hidden aliases, and deprecated. (#1165)

  • print, register: a new valuation type, --value=then, shows the market value at each posting's date.

  • print: -V/-X/--value now imply -x/--explicit, as -B/--cost does. This avoids a bug where print -V of a transaction with an implicit commodity conversion would convert only some of its postings to value.

journal format

  • The include directive no longer tries all readers. It now picks just one, based on the included file's extension, defaulting to journal. (It doesn't yet handle a reader prefix.)

  • The default commodity (D) directive now limits display precision too, and is fully equivalent to commodity directives for setting a commodity's display style. (#1187)

csv format

  • Conditional blocks can now match single fields. \o/

  • The experimental --separator command line option has been dropped, replaced by a new separator directive in CSV rule files. (Aleksandar Dimitrov)

  • The .tsv and .ssv file extensions are now recognised, and will set the default separator to TAB and semicolon respectively. (#1179)

  • Manually assigning the "expenses:unknown" account name now works. (#1192)

  • CSV rule keywords are now case insensitive. (Aleksandar Dimitrov)

timeclock format

  • Misc. fixes making parsing more robust. (Jakob Schöttl)

timedot format

  • Org mode headlines (lines beginning with one or more * followed by a space) can be used as date lines or timelog items (the stars are ignored). Also all org headlines before the first date line are ignored. This means org users can manage their timelog as an org outline (eg using org-mode/orgstruct-mode in Emacs), for organisation, faster navigation, controlling visibility etc. Experimental.
  • You can now write a description after a date, which will be used in all of that day's transactions. Experimental.

hledger-ui 1.17

  • Don't enable --auto by default.

  • Don't enable --forecast by default; drop the --future flag. (#1193)

    Previously, periodic transactions occurring today were always shown, in both "present" and "future" modes. To fix this, generation of periodic transactions and display of future transactions (all kinds) have been combined as "forecast mode", which can be enabled with --forecast and/or toggled with the F key. The --future flag is now a hidden alias for --forecast, and deprecated.

hledger-web 1.17

  • Fonts have been improved on certain platforms. (David Zhang)

  • IPv6 is supported (Amarandus) (#1145)

  • The --host option can now take a local hostname (Amarandus) (#1145)

  • New --socket option to run hledger-web over an AF_UNIX socket file. (Carl Richard Theodor Schneider) This allows running multiple instances of hledger-web on the same system without having to manually choose a port for each instance, which is helpful for running individual instances for multiple users. In this scenario, the socket path is predictable, as it can be derived from the username.

  • The edit and upload forms now normalise line endings, avoiding parse errors (#1194). Summary of current behaviour:

    • hledger add and import commands will append with (at least some) unix line endings, possibly causing the file to have mixed line endings

    • hledger-web edit and upload forms will write the file with the current system's native line endings, ie changing all line endings if the file previously used foreign line endings.

  • Numbers in JSON output now provide a floating point Number representation as well as our native Decimal object representation, since the latter can sometimes contain 255-digit integers. The floating point numbers can have up to 10 decimal digits (and an unbounded number of integer digits.) Experimental, suggestions needed. (#1195)

credits 1.17

This release was brought to you by Simon Michael, Aleksandar Dimitrov, Brian Wignall, Stephen Morgan, Jacek Generowicz, Gaith Hallak, Eric Mertens, Jakob Schöttl, Carl Richard Theodor Schneider, David Zhang, Amarandus, Evilham, Mateus Furquim and Rui Chen.

2019/12/01 hledger 1.16

GHC 8.8 support, much more powerful CSV conversion rules, percentage balance reports, misc improvements. (mail)

project-wide changes 1.16

  • add support for GHC 8.8, base-compat 0.11 (#1090)

  • drop support for GHC 7.10

  • add descriptions to most issue tracker labels

  • now redirects to a more readable/useful url

hledger cli 1.16

  • The --anon flag now also anonymises transaction codes and account names declared with account directives. (Mykola Orliuk) (#901)

  • The benchmark suite has been disabled.


  • balance/bs/cf/is: balance commands now support the -%/--percent flag to show amounts as percentages of the column's total. (Michael Kainer)

    If there are multiple commodities involved in a report hledger bails with an error message. This can be avoided by using -B/--cost. Also note that if one uses -% with the balance command the chances are high that all numbers are 0. This is due to the fact that by default balance sums up to zero. If one wants to use -% in a meaningful way with balance one has to add a query.

    In order to keep the implementation as simple as possible --tree has no influence over how the percentages are calculated, i.e., the percentages always represent the fraction of the columns total. If one wants to know the percentages relative to a parent account, one has to use a query to narrow down the accounts.

  • balance: --budget no longer errors when there is neither budget nor transactions in the report period (Dmitry Astapov)

  • balance: --budget has improved debug output (shows budget txns) (Dmitry Astapov)

  • check-dates: now sets the exit status code (Amitai Burstein)

  • close: no longer strips zeroes after the decimal mark, and preserves parseable output (#1137)

  • close: the --close-to, --open-from options allow closing/opening account names to be chosen

  • import: create the journal if missing, like the add command Streamlines import/migration instructions.

  • import: --catchup marks all transactions imported, without importing

  • import: more informative output: mention the input files, also show a message when nothing was imported

  • prices: show price amounts with proper display style; always show full precision

  • roi: don't give an error with empty input data (Dmitry Astapov)

  • tests: unit tests are now run by tasty, and show coloured output by default (#1090). Test running options have changed, see the command help. Some unit tests have been collapsed, so the reported test count has dropped a little.

journal format

  • Fixed: wrong dates generated by certain periodic transaction rules, eg "~ every 12 months from 2019/04". (Dmitry Astapov) (#1085)

csv format

CSV conversion is now more powerful (#1095, Dmitry Astapov, Simon Michael):

  • A variable number of postings can be generated, from zero to nine. (#627, #1095)

  • In conditional blocks, skip can be used to skip one or more records after a pattern match, or the new end rule can be used to skip all remaining records. (#1076)

  • The new balance-type CSV rule controls which kind of balance assertions are generated (=, ==, =, ==)

  • Postings with balance assignments can be generated. (#1000)

  • Both the amount-in/amount-out fields having a non-empty value is now accepted, as long as one of them is zero. (#570)

  • Line feeds/carriage returns in (quoted) CSV values are now converted to spaces during conversion. (#416, #841)

  • Field assignments can now unset a field (eg a posting can be suppressed by assigning no value to its account).

  • CSV records with varying lengths are now allowed; short records will be padded with empty fields as needed. This allows us to handle eg exported Google spreadsheets, where trailing empty fields are omitted.

  • Journals generated from CSV are now finalised and checked like ordinary journals (#1000). So invalid transactions generated from CSV will be rejected, amount styles will be standardised etc.

  • Fixed: we no longer add an extra (third) space between description and comment.

  • Fixed: whitespace on the line after an if block no longer causes misparsing. (#1120)

  • Fixed: an empty field assignment no longer consumes the next line. (#1001)

  • Fixed: interpolation of field names containing punctuation now works.

  • Docs have been rewritten and clarified.

Migration notes:

  • When printing from CSV, there is now one less space between transaction descriptions and comments, which may generate noisy diffs if you are comparing old and new reports. diff -w (--ignore-all-space) will filter these out.

  • CSV rules now give you more freedom to generate any journal entries you want, including malformed or unbalanced ones. The csv reader now checks the journal after conversion, so it will report any problems with the generated entries.

  • Balance assertions generated from CSV are not checked, currently. This is appropriate when you are downloading partial CSV data to be merged into your main journal. If you do need to check balance assertions right away, you can pipe through hledger again:

    $ hledger -f a.csv print | hledger -f- print

hledger-ui 1.16

  • the B and V keys toggle cost or value display (like the -B and -V command line flags)

  • uses hledger 1.16.1

hledger-web 1.16

  • The --cors option allows simple cross-origin requests to hledger-web (Alejandro García Montoro)

  • Weeks in the add form's date picker now start on Mondays (#1109) (Timofey Zakrevskiy)

  • No longer depends on json (#1190) or mtl-compat.

  • The test suite has been disabled for now.

credits 1.16

Release contributors: Simon Michael, Dmitry Astapov, Mykola Orliuk, Brian Wignall, Alejandro García Montoro, Timofey ZAKREVSKIY, Amitai Burstein, Michael Kainer.

2019/09/01 hledger 1.15

new website, faster and more flexible valuation, more accurate close command, tags --values, new descriptions/payees/notes/diff commands, misc. fixes. (mail)

project-wide changes 1.15

  • new unified website: now has its own git repo, has absorbed the github wiki, and is generated with Sphinx.

  • hledger-api is now mothballed. Its functionality is included in hledger-web.

  • bump to lts-14.4, hledger 1.15, drop hledger-api, now also works on FreeBSD 12.

  • Wine has been added to the list of install options.

  • Dmitry Astapov's hledger docker image is now based on the "haskell" image.

  • Andreas Pauley's hledger-makeitso has been renamed to hledger-flow.

  • bin/ addon scripts: hledger-swap-dates added; hledger-check, hledger-smooth updated. (#1072)

  • shell-completion scripts: updated

  • github: FUNDING.yml / sponsor button configured

  • tools: generatejournal updates: vary amount, make reports with fewer zeroes, start from a fixed year to keep tests stable, also generate P records. (#999)

  • tools: make, shake, CI: misc. updates

  • doc: add a README for the functional tests, linked from contrib guide

hledger cli 1.15

  • There is a new valuation option --value=TYPE[,COMM], with backwards-compatible -B/--cost, -V/--market, -X/--exchange=COMM variants. These provide control over valuation date (#329), and inference of indirect market prices (similar to Ledger's -X) (#131). Experimental.

  • Market valuation (-V/-X/--value) is now much faster (#999):

    |                                           || hledger-1.14 | hledger-1.15 |
    | -f examples/10000x1000x10.journal bal -Y  ||         2.43 |         2.44 |
    | -f examples/10000x1000x10.journal bal -YV ||        44.91 |         6.48 |
    | -f examples/10000x1000x10.journal reg -Y  ||         4.60 |         4.15 |
    | -f examples/10000x1000x10.journal reg -YV ||        61.09 |         7.21 |
  • How date options like -M and -p interact has been updated and clarified. (Jakob Schöttl) (#1008, #1009, #1011)

  • Restore --aux-date and --effective as --date2 aliases (#1034). These Ledger-ish spellings were dropped over the years, to improve --help's layout. Now we support them again, as semi-hidden flags (--help doesn't list them, but they are mentioned in --date2's help).


  • add, web: on Windows, trying to add transactions to a file path containing trailing periods (eg hledger add -f Documents.\.hledger.journal) now gives an error, since this could cause data loss otherwise (#1056). This affects the add command and hledger-web's add form.

  • bal: --budget: don't always convert to cost.

  • bal: --budget: don't show a percentage when budgeted and actual amounts are in different commodities.

  • bal/bs/bse: -H/--historical or --cumulative now disables -T/--row-total (#329). Multiperiod balance reports which show end balances (eg, bal -MH or bs -M) no longer show a Totals column, since summing end balances generally doesn't make sense.

  • bs: show end date(s) in title, not transactions date span (#1078) Compound balance reports showing ending balances (eg balancesheet), now show the ending date (single column) or range of ending dates (multi column) in their title. ,, (double comma) is used rather than - (hyphen) to suggest a sequence of discrete dates rather than a continuous span.

  • close: preserve transaction prices (costs) accurately (#1035). The generated closing/opening transactions were collapsing/misreporting the costs in balances involving multiple costs. Now, each separately-priced amount gets its own posting. (And only the last of these (for each commodity) gets a balance assertion.) Also the equity posting's amount is now always shown explicitly, which in multicommodity situations means that multiple equity postings are shown. The upshot is that a balance -B report will be unchanged after the closing & opening transactions generated by the close command.

  • descriptions, payees, notes commands added (Caleb Maclennan)

  • diff: Gabriel Ebner's hledger-diff is now a built in command, and is deprecated.

  • help: don't require a journal file

  • print: now also canonicalises the display style of balance assertion amounts (#1042)

  • reg: show negative amounts in red, like balance and Ledger

  • reg: fix --average, broken since 1.12 (#1003)

  • stats: show count of market prices (P directives), and the commodities covered

  • tags: add --values flag to list tag values.

  • tags: now runs much faster when there many tags

journal format

  • Transactions and postings generated/modified by periodic transaction rules and/or transaction modifier rules are now marked with generated-transaction, generated-posting, and modified tags, for easier troubleshooting and filtering.

csv format

  • When interpolating CSV values, outer whitespace is now stripped. This removes a potential snag in amount field assignments (#1051), and hopefully is harmless and acceptable otherwise.

  • We no longer add inter-field spaces in CSV error messages, which was misleading and not valid RFC-4180 CSV format.

  • CSV parse errors are human-readable again (broken since 1.11) (#1038)

  • CSV rules now allow the amount to be left unassigned if there is an assignment to "balance", which generates a balance assignment. (#1000)

hledger-ui 1.15

  • uses hledger 1.15

hledger-web 1.15

  • --serve-api disables the usual server-side web UI (leaving only the API routes)

  • register page: account names are hyperlinked

  • ?sidebar= now hides the sidebar, same as ?sidebar=0

  • fix "_create_locale could not be located" error on windows 7 (#1039)

  • uses hledger 1.15

credits 1.15

Release contributors: Simon Michael, Caleb Maclennan, Jakob Schöttl, Henning Thielemann, Dmitry Astapov, Ben Creasy, zieone, Boyd Kelly, Gabriel Ebner, Hans-Peter Deifel, Andreas Pauley.

2019/03/01 hledger 1.14

inclusive balance assertions, commodities command, --invert option, JSON get/add support in hledger-web (mail)

project-wide changes 1.14

  • website: now uses https, home page updates, download page improved package list with status badges. Also the github wiki pages are now rendered as part of, like the main site pages (with pandoc markdown and tables of contents). Building the site now requires that a copy of the wiki is checked out under wiki/.

  • bash completion support: removed duplicate options, added new options, stopped listing -h as a command, added some completion for external addon commands.

  • release automation improvements

  • makefile cleanups; make site-liverender helps with local site preview

hledger cli 1.14

  • journal: subaccount-including balance assertions have been added, with syntax =* and ==* (experimental) (#290)

  • new commodities command lists commodity symbols

  • new --invert option flips sign of amounts in reports

hledger-ui 1.14

  • use hledger 1.14

hledger-web 1.14

  • serve the same JSON-providing routes as in hledger-api:


    And allow adding a new transaction by PUT'ing JSON (similar to the output of /transactions) to /add. This requires the add capability (which is enabled by default). Here's how to test with curl:

    $ curl -s -X PUT -H 'Content-Type: application/json' --data-binary @in.json; echo


  • fix unbalanced transaction prevention in the add form

  • fix transaction-showing tooltips (#927)

  • manual updates: document --capabilities/--capabilities-header and editing/uploading/downloading.

  • use hledger 1.14

hledger-api 1.14

  • use hledger 1.14

hledger-lib 1.14

  • added:
    transaction, [v]post*, balassert* constructors, for tests etc.

  • renamed:
    porigin -> poriginal

  • refactored:
    transaction balancing & balance assertion checking (#438)

credits 1.14

Release contributors: Simon Michael, Jakob Schöttl, Jakub Zárybnický.

2019/02/01 hledger 1.13

Unified command CLI help/manuals, bash completions, docker support, improved budget report, --transpose, new account types syntax, usability & bug fixes. (mail)

project-wide changes 1.13

  • packaging: A docker image providing the main hledger tools is now linked on the download page. This is another way to get up-to-date hledger tools without building them yourself (and, a way to run hledger-ui on windows ?) (Dmitry Astapov, Simon Michael)

  • doc: fixed pandoc typography conversion in web manuals. Eg -- was being rendered as en-dash. (#954).


  • developer docs have moved from the wiki into (#920)

  • new streamlined changelog update process. Shake targets:

    ./Shake changelogs
    ./Shake PKG/
    ./Shake PKG/

    update the project-wide and/or package changelogs, inserting new commits (touching the respective directory, since the tag version or commit hash which is the first word in the changelog's previous top heading) at the top, formatted as changelog entries.

  • ./Shake PKG - builds a package plus its embedded docs. ./Shake build - builds all the packages and their embedded docs. ("stack build PKG" does not notice changes in embedded doc files.)

  • make ghci-shake - loads Shake.hs in ghci

  • make tags - includes doc source files, hpack/cabal files, Shake.hs

  • make site-livereload - opens a reloading browser view on the website html (requires livereloadx)

  • added a Dockerfile and helper scripts (Dmitry Astapov)

  • doc files and hpack/cabal files are included in TAGS again

hledger cli 1.13

  • cli: reorganised commands list. Addons now have a + prefix.

  • cli: the command line help and manual section for all hledger's commands are now consistent, and generated from the same source.

  • cli: comprehensive bash completion support is now provided (in shell-completion/). See how-to in the Cookbook. (Jakob Schöttl)

  • balance --budget: budget amounts now aggregate hierarchically, like account balances. Unbudgeted accounts can be shown with -E/--empty (along with zero-balance accounts), and the --show-budgeted flag has been dropped. (Dmitry Astapov)

  • balance: new --transpose flag switches the rows and columns of tabular balance reports (in txt and csv output formats). (Dmitry Astapov)

  • close: generated balance assertions now have exact amounts with all decimal digits, ignoring display precision. Also, balance assertion amounts will no longer contain prices. (#941, #824, #958)

  • files: now shows up in the commands list

  • import: be silent when there's nothing to import

  • roi: percentages smaller than 0.01% are displayed as zero (Dmitry Astapov)

  • stats, ui: correct file order is preserved when using --auto (#949)

  • journal: account directive: the account name can now be followed by a comment on the same line

  • journal: account directive: account types for the bs/bse/cf/is commands can now be set with a type: tag, whose value is Asset, Liability, Equity, Revenue, Expense, A, L, E, R or X (case-insensitive). The previous syntax (account assets A) is now deprecated.

  • journal: account directive: account sort codes like account 1000 (introduced in 1.9, deprecated in 1.11) are no longer supported.

  • journal: transaction modifiers (auto postings) can affect periodic transactions (--auto can add postings to transactions generated with --forecast). (Dmitry Astapov)

  • journal: balance assertion errors now show exact amounts with all decimal digits. Previously it was possible, in case of a commodity directive limiting the display precision, to have a balance assertion error with asserted and actual amounts looking the same. (#941)

  • journal: fixed a periodic transaction parsing failure (#942) (Dmitry Astapov)

hledger-ui 1.13

  • on posix systems, control-z suspends the program

  • control-l now works everywhere and redraws more reliably

  • the top status info is clearer

  • use hledger 1.13

hledger-web 1.13

  • use hledger 1.13

hledger-api 1.13

  • use hledger 1.13

hledger-lib 1.13

  • in Journal's jtxns field, forecasted txns are appended rather than prepended

  • API changes:

    added: +setFullPrecision +setMinimalPrecision +expectParseStateOn +embedFileRelative +hereFileRelative


    • amultiplier -> aismultiplier

    • Amount fields reordered for clearer debug output

    • tpreceding_comment_lines -> tprecedingcomment, reordered

    • Hledger.Data.TransactionModifier.transactionModifierToFunction -> modifyTransactions

    • Hledger.Read.Common.applyTransactionModifiers -> Hledger.Data.Journal.journalModifyTransactions

    • HelpTemplate -> CommandDoc

credits 1.13

Release contributors: Simon Michael, Jakob Schöttl, Dmitry Astapov.

2018/12/02 hledger 1.12

Account type declarations, complete balance assertions, GHC 8.6 support, hledger-ui usability updates, misc fixes (mail)

hledger cli 1.12

  • install script: ensure a new-enough version of stack; more informative output

  • build with GHC 8.6/base-4.12 (Peter Simons)

  • add required upper bound for statistics (Samuel May)

  • --anon anonymises more thoroughly (including linked original postings) (Moritz Kiefer)

  • unbalanced transaction errors now include location info (Mykola Orliuk)

  • accounts command: --drop also affects the default flat output, without needing an explicit --flat flag

  • accounts command: the --codes flag has been dropped

  • accounts command: filtering by non-account-name queries now works

  • add command: fix transaction rendering regression during data entry and in journal file

  • balance command: fix wrongful eliding of zero-balance parent accounts in tree mode (Dmitry Astapov)

  • journal format, bs/bse/cf/is commands: account directives can declare account types (#877)
    Previously you had to use one of the standard english account names (assets, liabilities..) for top-level accounts, if you wanted them to appear in the right place in the balancesheet, balancesheetequity, cashflow or incomestatement reports.

    Now you can use your preferred account names, and use account directives to declare which accounting class (Asset, Liability, Equity, Revenue or eXpense) an account (and its subaccounts) belongs to, by writing one of the letters A, L, E, R, X after the account name, after two or more spaces. This syntax may change (see issue). Experimental.

    Currently we allow unlimited account type declarations anywhere in the account tree. So you could declare a liability account somewhere under assets, and maybe a revenue account under that, and another asset account even further down. In such cases you start to see oddities like accounts appearing in multiple places in a tree-mode report. I have left it this way for now in case it helps with, eg, modelling contra accounts, or combining multiple files each with their own account type declarations. (In that scenario, if we only allowed type declarations on top-level accounts, or only allowed a single account of each type, complications seem likely.)

  • journal format: periodic transaction rules now require a double space separator.
    In periodic transaction rules which specify a transaction description or same-line transaction comment, this must be separated from the period expression by two or more spaces, to prevent ambiguous parsing. Eg this will parse correctly as "monthly" thanks to the double space:

    ~ monthly  In 2020 we'll end this monthly transaction.
  • journal format: exact/complete balance assertions (Samuel May).
    A stronger kind of balance assertion, written with a double equals sign, asserts an account's complete account balance, not just the balance in one commodity. (But only if it is a single-commodity balance, for now.) Eg:

      (a)  A 1
      (a)  B 1
      (a)  0   =  A 1   ; commodity A balance assertion, succeeds
      (a)  0   == A 1   ; complete balance assertion, fails
  • journal format: account directives now allow whitespace or a comment after the account name

  • journal format: using ~ for home directory in include directives now works (#896) (Mykola Orliuk)

  • journal format: prevent misleading parse error messages with cyclic include directives (#853) (Alex Chen)

  • journal format: transaction modifier multipliers handle total-priced amounts correctly (#928).
    Multipliers (*N) in transaction modifier rules did not multiply total-priced amounts properly. Now the total prices are also multiplied, keeping the transaction balanced.

  • journal format: do amount inference/balance assignments/assertions before transaction modifiers (#893, #908) (Jesse Rosenthal)
    Previously, transaction modifier (auto postings) rules were applied before missing amounts were inferred. This meant amount multipliers could generate too many missing-amount postings, making the transaction unbalanceable (#893).

    Now, missing amount inference (and balance assignments, and balance assertions, which are interdependent) are done earlier, before transaction modifier rules are applied (#900, #903).

    Also, we now disallow the combination of balance assignments and transaction modifier rules which both affect the same account, which could otherwise cause confusing balance assertion failures (#912). (Because assignments now generate amounts to satisfy balance assertions before transaction modifier rules are applied (#908).)

  • journal format: periodic transaction rules are now aware of Y default year directives. (#892)
    Ie when a default year Y is in effect, they resolve partial or relative dates using Y/1/1 as the reference date, rather than today's date.

hledger-ui 1.12

  • fix "Any" build error with GHC < 8.4

  • error screen: always show error position properly (#904) (Mykola Orliuk)

  • accounts screen: show correct balances when there's only periodic transactions

  • drop the --status-toggles flag

  • periodic transactions and transaction modifiers are always enabled.
    Rule-based transactions and postings are always generated (--forecast and --auto are always on). Experimental.

  • escape key resets to flat mode.
    Flat mode is the default at startup. Probably it should reset to tree mode if --tree was used at startup.

  • tree mode tweaks: add --tree/-T/-F flags, make flat mode the default,
    toggle tree mode with T, ensure a visible effect on register screen

  • hide future txns by default, add --future flag, toggle with F.
    You may have transactions dated later than today, perhaps piped from print --forecast or recorded in the journal, which you don't want to see except when forecasting.

    By default, we now hide future transactions, showing "today's balance". This can be toggled with the F key, which is easier than setting a date query. --present and --future flags have been added to set the initial mode.

    (Experimental. Interactions with date queries have not been explored.)

  • quick help tweaks; try to show most useful info first

  • reorganise help dialog, fit content into 80x25 again

  • styling tweaks; cyan/blue -> white/yellow

  • less noisy styling in horizontal borders (#838)

  • register screen: positive amounts: green -> black
    The green/red scheme helped distinguish the changes column from the black/red balance column, but the default green is hard to read on the pale background in some terminals. Also the changes column is non-bold now.

  • use hledger 1.12

hledger-web 1.12

  • fix duplicate package.yaml keys warned about by hpack

  • use hledger 1.12

hledger-api 1.12

  • use hledger 1.12

hledger-lib 1.12

  • switch to megaparsec 7 (Alex Chen)
    We now track the stack of include files in Journal ourselves, since megaparsec dropped this feature.

  • add 'ExceptT' layer to our parser monad again (Alex Chen)
    This was removed under the assumption that it would be possible to write our parser without this capability. However, after a hairy backtracking bug, we would now prefer to have the option to prevent backtracking.

  • more support for location-aware parse errors when re-parsing (Alex Chen)

  • make 'includedirectivep' an 'ErroringJournalParser' (Alex Chen)

  • drop Ord instance breaking GHC 8.6 build (Peter Simons)

  • flip the arguments of (divide|multiply)[Mixed]Amount

  • showTransaction: fix a case showing multiple missing amounts
    showTransaction could sometimes hide the last posting's amount even if one of the other posting amounts was already implcit, producing invalid transaction output.

  • plog, plogAt: add missing newline

  • split up journalFinalise, reorder journal finalisation steps (#893) (Jesse Rosenthal)
    The journalFinalise function has been split up, allowing more granular control.

  • journalSetTime --> journalSetLastReadTime

  • journalSetFilePath has been removed, use journalAddFile instead

credits 1.12

Release contributors: Simon Michael, Alex Chen, Jesse Rosenthal, Samuel May, Mykola Orliuk, Peter Simons, Moritz Kiefer, Dmitry Astapov, Felix Yan, Aiken Cairncross, Nikhil Jha.

2018/9/30 hledger 1.11

Customisable account display order, support for other delimiter-separated formats (eg semicolon-separated), new files and roi commands, fixes (mail)

hledger cli 1.11

  • The default display order of accounts is now influenced by the order of account directives. Accounts declared by account directives are displayed first (top-most), in declaration order, followed by undeclared accounts in alphabetical order. Numeric account codes are no longer used, and are ignored and considered deprecated.

    So if your accounts are displaying in a weird order after upgrading, and you want them alphabetical like before, just sort your account directives alphabetically.

  • Account sorting (by name, by declaration, by amount) is now more robust and supported consistently by all commands (accounts, balance, bs..) in all modes (tree & flat, tabular & non-tabular).

  • close: new --opening/--closing flags to print only the opening or closing transaction

  • files: a new command to list included files

  • prices: query arguments are now supported. Prices can be filtered by date, and postings providing transaction prices can also be filtered.

  • rewrite: help clarifies relation to print --auto (#745)

  • roi: a new command to compute return on investment, based on hledger-irr

  • test: has more verbose output, more informative failure messages, and no longer tries to read the journal

  • csv: We use a more robust CSV lib (cassava) and now support non-comma separators, eg --separator ';' (experimental, this flag will probably become a CSV rule) (#829)

  • csv: interpolated field names in values are now properly case insensitive, so this works:

    fields ...,Transaction_Date,... date %Transaction_Date

  • journal: D (default commodity) directives no longer break multiplier amounts in transaction modifiers (AKA automated postings) (#860)

  • journal: "Automated Postings" have been renamed to "Transaction Modifiers".

  • journal: transaction comments in transaction modifier rules are now parsed correctly. (#745)

  • journal: when include files form a cycle, we give an error instead of hanging.

  • upper-case day/month names in period expressions no longer give an error (#847, #852)

hledger-ui 1.11

  • uses hledger-lib 1.11

hledger-web 1.11

  • uses hledger-lib 1.11

hledger-api 1.11

  • uses hledger-lib 1.11

hledger-lib 1.11

  • compilation now works when locale is unset (#849)

  • all unit tests have been converted from HUnit+test-framework to easytest

  • doctests now run quicker by default, by skipping reloading between tests. This can be disabled by passing --slow to the doctests test suite executable.

  • doctests test suite executable now supports --verbose, which shows progress output as tests are run if doctest 0.16.0+ is installed (and hopefully is harmless otherwise).

  • doctests now support file pattern arguments, provide more informative output. Limiting to just the file(s) you're interested can make doctest start much quicker. With one big caveat: you can limit the starting files, but it always imports and tests all other local files those import.

  • a bunch of custom Show instances have been replaced with defaults, for easier troubleshooting. These were sometimes obscuring important details, eg in test failure output. Our new policy is: stick with default derived Show instances as far as possible, but when necessary adjust them to valid haskell syntax so pretty-show can pretty-print them (eg when they contain Day values, cf By convention, when fields are shown in less than full detail, and/or in double-quoted pseudo syntax, we show a double period (..) in the output.

  • Amount has a new Show instance. Amount's show instance hid important details by default, and showing more details required increasing the debug level, which was inconvenient. Now it has a single show instance which shows more information, is fairly compact, and is pretty-printable.

    ghci> usd 1 OLD: Amount {acommodity="$", aquantity=1.00, ..} NEW: Amount {acommodity = "$", aquantity = 1.00, aprice = NoPrice, astyle = AmountStyle "L False 2 Just '.' Nothing..", amultiplier = False}

    MixedAmount's show instance is unchanged, but showMixedAmountDebug is affected by this change:

    ghci> putStrLn $ showMixedAmountDebug $ Mixed [usd 1] OLD: Mixed [Amount {acommodity="$", aquantity=1.00, aprice=, astyle=AmountStyle {ascommodityside = L, ascommodityspaced = False, asprecision = 2, asdecimalpoint = Just '.', asdigitgroups = Nothing}}] NEW: Mixed [Amount {acommodity="$", aquantity=1.00, aprice=, astyle=AmountStyle "L False 2 Just '.' Nothing.."}]

  • Same-line & next-line comments of transactions, postings, etc. are now parsed a bit more precisely (followingcommentp). Previously, parsing no comment gave the same result as an empty comment (a single newline); now it gives an empty string.
    Also, and perhaps as a consequence of the above, when there's no same-line comment but there is a next-line comment, we'll insert an empty first line, since otherwise next-line comments would get moved up to the same line when rendered.

  • Hledger.Utils.Test exports HasCallStack

  • queryDateSpan, queryDateSpan' now intersect date AND'ed date spans instead of unioning them, and docs are clearer.

  • pushAccount -> pushDeclaredAccount

  • jaccounts -> jdeclaredaccounts

  • AutoTransaction.hs -> PeriodicTransaction.hs & TransactionModifier.hs

  • Hledger.Utils.Debug helpers have been renamed/cleaned up

credits 1.11

Release contributors: Simon Michael, Joseph Weston, Dmitry Astapov, Gaith Hallak, Jakub Zárybnický, Luca Molteni, SpicyCat.

2018/6/30 hledger 1.10

hledger-web edit/upload/download and permissions, more expressive periodic transactions, more informative parse errors, misc fixes (mail)

project-wide changes 1.10

  • build cleanly with all supported GHC versions again (7.10 to 8.4)

  • support latest deps

  • back in Stackage LTS (12.0)

hledger-lib 1.10

  • extensive refactoring and cleanup of parsers and related types and utilities

  • readJournalFile(s) cleanup, these now use InputOpts

  • doctests now run a bit faster (#802)

hledger cli 1.10

  • journal: many parse error messages have become more informative, and some now show the source line and error location.

  • journal: ;tag: is no longer parsed as a tag named ";tag" (#655)

  • journal: transaction price amounts having their own price amounts is now a parse error

  • journal: amounts with space as digit group separator and trailing whitespace now parse correctly (#780)

  • journal: in amounts containing digits and a single space, the space is now interpreted as a digit group separator, not a decimal separator (#749)

  • journal: in commodity/format/D directives, the amount must now include a decimal separator.

    When more precise control is needed over number parsing, our recommended solution is commodity directives. Commodity directives that don't specify the decimal separator leave things ambiguous, increasing the chance of misparsing numbers. In some cases it could cause amounts with a decimal point to be parsed as if with a digit group separator, so 1.234 became 1234.

    It seems the simple and really only way to do this reliably is to require an explicit decimal point character. Most folks probably do this already. Unfortunately, it makes another potential incompatiblity with ledger and beancount journals. But the error message will be clear and easy to work around.

  • journal: directives currently have diverse and somewhat tricky semantics, especially with multiple files. The manual now describes their behaviour precisely.

  • journal: alias and apply account directives now affect account directives (#825)

  • journal: periodic transactions can now have all the usual transaction fields (status mark, code, description, comment), for generating more expressive forecast transactions.

  • journal: forecast transactions now have the generating period expression attached as a tag named "recur".

  • journal: periodic transactions now start on the first instance of the recurring date, rather than the day after the last regular transaction (#750)

  • journal: periodic transaction rules now allow period expressions relative to today's date

  • csv: amount-in/amount-out errors are more detailed

  • balance: --drop is now ignored when not in flat mode, rather than producing a corrupted report (#754)

  • budget: --drop now preserves the top-level account in --budget reports

  • register: in CSV output, the code field is now included (#746)

  • smart dates now allow the YYYYMM format, and are better documented

  • uses hledger-lib 1.10

hledger-ui 1.10

  • the effect of --value, --forecast, and --anon flags is now preserved on reload (#753)

  • edit-at-transaction-position is now also supported when $EDITOR is neovim

  • support/require fsnotify

  • uses hledger-lib 1.10

hledger-web 1.10

  • view, add, edit permissions can be set at CLI or by Sandstorm HTTP header

  • the edit form has been revived, for whole-journal editing

  • the journal can now be uploaded and downloaded

  • the e key toggles empty accounts in the sidebar

  • multiple -f options, and --auto, work again

  • uses hledger-lib 1.10

hledger-api 1.10

  • uses hledger-lib 1.10

credits 1.10

Release contributors: Simon Michael, Alex Chen, Everett Hildenbrandt, Jakub Zárybnický, Nolan Darilek, Dmitry Astapov, Jacob Weisz, Peter Simons, Stephen Morgan, Pavlo Kerestey, Trevor Riles, Léo Gaspard, Mykola Orliuk, Wad, Nana Amfo.

2018/3/31 hledger 1.9

Report cleanups, normal-positive reports, HTML output, account sort codes, budget improvements. (mail)

Release contributors: Simon Michael, Eli Flanagan, Peter Simons, Christoph Nicolai, agander, M Parker, Moritz Kiefer, Mykola Orliuk.

  • support ghc 8.4, latest deps

hledger-lib 1.9

  • when the system text encoding is UTF-8, ignore any UTF-8 BOM prefix found when reading files.

  • CompoundBalanceReport amounts are now normally positive. (experimental)

hledger cli 1.9

  • journal: account directives can define a numeric account code to customize sorting. bal/bs/cf/is will sort accounts by account code, if any, then account name.

  • journal: support scientific number notation (#704, #706)

  • csv: reading a CSV file containing no records is no longer an error

  • cli: when the system text encoding is UTF-8, ignore any UTF-8 BOM prefix found when reading files. (Paypal's new CSV has this BOM prefix, causing a confusing parse error.)

  • cli: tabular reports no longer have a trailing blank line added. (This allows omitting the ">=0" delimiters in our functional tests, making them easier to read and maintain.)

  • acc: the accounts command now has --declared and --used flags

  • bal: the --invert flag flips all signs

  • bal: --drop now works with CSV output

  • bal/bs/bse/cf/is: show overall report span in title

  • bal/bs/bse/cf/is: show short month names as headings in monthly reports

  • bal/bs/bse/cf/is: these commands can now generate HTML output

  • bal/bs/is/cf: drop short name and indent fields from multicolumn CSV

  • bs/bse/cf/is: these, the "financial statement" commands, now show normal income, liability and equity balances as positive numbers. Negative numbers now indicate a contra-balance (eg an overdrawn checking account), a net loss, or a negative net worth. This makes these reports more like conventional financial statements, and easier to read and share with others. (Other commands, like balance, have not changed.) (experimental)

  • bs/cf/is: always show a tabular report, even with no report interval. Previously you would get a simple borderless report like the original balance command. Less code, fewer bugs.

  • bs/bse/cf/is: in CSV output, don't repeat the headings row for each subreport

  • budget: warn that CSV output with bal --budget is unimplemented

  • budget: bal --budget shows budget goals even with no or zero actual amounts. Makes budget reports more intuitive, at the cost of a temporary hack which may misorder columns in some cases (if actual and budget activity occur in a different range of columns).

  • budget: --budget uses only periodic txns with the selected interval.
    Budgets with different interval, eg a daily and weekly budget, are independent.

  • budget: show mostly fixed-width columns for readability

  • budget: fix bug where a budget report could include budget goals ending on the day before the report start date (splitSpan issue)

  • close: the equity command has been renamed to close. It now ignores any begin date (it always closes historical end balances). It also ignores --date2.

hledger-ui 1.9

  • -E/--empty toggles zeroes at startup (with opposite default to cli)

hledger-web 1.9

  • -E/--empty toggles zeroes at startup (with opposite default to cli)

hledger-api 1.9

2017/12/31 hledger 1.5


Release contributors: Simon Michael, Dmitry Astapov, Mykola Orliuk, Eli Flanagan, Elijah Caine, Sam Jeeves, Matthias Kauer, Hans-Peter Deifel, Mick Dekkers, Nadrieril, Alvaro Fernando García.

project-wide changes 1.5

  • remove upper bounds on all but hledger* and base (experimental) It's rare that my deps break their api or that newer versions must be avoided, and very common that they release new versions which I must tediously and promptly test and release hackage revisions for or risk falling out of stackage. Trying it this way for a bit.

hledger-lib 1.5

  • -V/--value uses today's market prices by default, not those of last transaction date. #683, #648)

  • csv: allow balance assignment (balance assertion only, no amount) in csv records (Nadrieril)

  • journal: allow space as digit group separator character, #330 (Mykola Orliuk)

  • journal: balance assertion errors now show line of failed assertion posting, #481 (Sam Jeeves)

  • journal: better errors for directives, #402 (Mykola Orliuk)

  • journal: better errors for included files, #660 (Mykola Orliuk)

  • journal: commodity directives in parent files are inherited by included files, #487 (Mykola Orliuk)

  • journal: commodity directives limits precision even after -B, #509 (Mykola Orliuk)

  • journal: decimal point/digit group separator chars are now inferred from an applicable commodity directive or default commodity directive. #399, #487 (Mykola Orliuk)

  • journal: numbers are parsed more strictly (Mykola Orliuk)

  • journal: support Ledger-style automated postings, enabled with --auto flag (Dmitry Astapov)

  • journal: support Ledger-style periodic transactions, enabled with --forecast flag (Dmitry Astapov)

  • period expressions: fix "nth day of {week,month}", which could generate wrong intervals (Dmitry Astapov)

  • period expressions: month names are now case-insensitive (Dmitry Astapov)

  • period expressions: stricter checking for invalid expressions (Mykola Orliuk)

  • period expressions: support "every 11th Nov" (Dmitry Astapov)

  • period expressions: support "every 2nd Thursday of month" (Dmitry Astapov)

  • period expressions: support "every Tuesday", short for "every th day of week" (Dmitry Astapov)

hledger cli 1.5

  • --auto adds Ledger-style automated postings to transactions (Dmitry Astapov, Mykola Orliuk)

  • --forecast generates Ledger-style periodic transactions in the future (Dmitry Astapov, Mykola Orliuk)

  • -V/--value uses today's market prices by default, not those of last transaction date. #683, #648

  • add: suggest implied (parent) and declared (by account directives) account names also

  • bal: --budget shows performance compared to budget goals defined with periodic transactions. Accounts with budget goals are displayed folded (depth-clipped) at a depth matching the budget specification. Unbudgeted accounts are hidden, or with --show-unbudgeted, shown at their usual depth. (Dmitry Astapov)

  • import: the output of --dry-run is now valid journal format

  • print: -B shows converted amounts again, as in 1.1, even without -x. #551 (Mykola Orliuk, Simon Michael)

  • tag: the first argument now filters tag names, additional arguments filter transactions (#261)

hledger-ui 1.5

  • fix help -> view manual (on posix platforms) #623

  • support -V/--value, --forecast, --auto

hledger-web 1.5

  • add form account fields now suggest implied and declared account names also

  • add form date field now uses a datepicker (Eli Flanagan)

  • don't write a session file at startup, don't require a writable working directory

  • support -V/--value, --forecast, --auto

hledger-api 1.5

2017/9/30 hledger 1.4

easy install script, simpler help commands, experimental addon commands now built in, new balancesheetequity/tags commands, new import command for easy CSV merging, print can detect new transactions, balance reports can sort by amount, cli conveniences (mail)

Release contributors: Simon Michael, Nicholas Niro, Hans-Peter Deifel, Jakub Zárybnický, Felix Yan, Mark Hansen, Christian G. Warden, Nissar Chababy, Peter Simons.

  • update stack configs for the last three GHC versions, add "make test-stackage" for finding stackage build problems, switch to GHC 8.2.1 as default for developer builds

  • streamline docs page

  • improve changelog/release notes process

  • improve makefile help and speed

  • Added a new installer script for the hledger tools, which aims to dodge common pitfalls and just work. Based on the stack install script, this bash script is cross platform, uses cabal or stack, installs stack and GHC if needed, and installs the latest release of all major hledger packages. See for details.

hledger-lib 1.4

  • add readJournalFile[s]WithOpts, with simpler arguments and support for detecting new transactions since the last read.

  • query: add payee: and note: query terms, improve description/payee/note docs (Jakub Zárybnický, Simon Michael, #598, #608)

  • journal, cli: make trailing whitespace significant in regex account aliases Trailing whitespace in the replacement part of a regular expression account alias is now significant. Eg, converting a parent account to just an account name prefix: --alias '/:acct:/=:acct '

  • timedot: allow a quantity of seconds, minutes, days, weeks, months or years to be logged as Ns, Nm, Nd, Nw, Nmo, Ny

  • csv: switch the order of generated postings, so account1 is first. This simplifies things and facilitates future improvements.

  • csv: show the "creating/using rules file" message only with --debug

  • csv: fix multiple includes in one rules file

  • csv: add "newest-first" rule for more robust same-day ordering

  • deps: allow ansi-terminal 0.7

  • deps: add missing parsec lower bound, possibly related to #596, fpco/stackage#2835

  • deps: drop oldtime flag, require time 1.5+

  • deps: remove ghc < 7.6 support, remove obsolete CPP conditionals

  • deps: fix test suite with ghc 8.2

  • Fix a bug with -H showing nothing for empty periods (#583, Nicholas Niro) This patch fixes a bug that happened when using the -H option on a period without any transaction. Previously, the behavior was no output at all even though it should have shown the previous ending balances of past transactions. (This is similar to previously using -H with -E, but with the extra advantage of not showing empty accounts)

  • allow megaparsec 6 (#594)

  • allow megaparsec-6.1 (Hans-Peter Deifel)

  • fix test suite with Cabal 2 (#596)

hledger cli 1.4

  • cli: a @FILE argument reads flags & args from FILE, one per line

  • cli: reorganized commands list, added some new command aliases: accounts: a balance: b print: p, txns register: r

  • cli: accept -NUM as a shortcut for --depth=NUM (eg: -2)

  • cli: improve command-line help for --date2 (#604)

  • cli: make --help and -h the same, drop --man and --info for now (#579)

  • help: offers multiple formats, accepts topic substrings. The separate info/man commands have been dropped. help now chooses an appropriate documentation format as follows:

    • it uses info if available,
    • otherwise man if available,
    • otherwise $PAGER if defined,
    • otherwise less if available,
    • otherwise it prints on stdout
    • (and it always prints on stdout when piped). You can override this with the --info/--man/--pager/--cat flags. (#579)
  • bal/bs/cf/is: --sort-amount/-S sorts by largest amount instead of account name

  • bs/cf/is: support --output-file and --output-format=txt|csv The CSV output should be reasonably ok for dragging into a spreadsheet and reformatting.

  • bal/bs/cf/is: consistent double space between columns, consistent single final blank line. Previously, amounts wider than the column headings would be separated by only a single space.

  • bs/is: don't let an empty subreport disable the grand totals (fixes #588)

  • cf: exclude asset accounts with ":fixed" in their name (Christian G. Warden, Simon Michael, #584)

  • new balancesheetequity command: like balancesheet but also shows equity accounts (Nicholas Niro)

  • new import command: adds new transactions seen in one or more input files to the main journal file

  • print: --new shows only transactions added since last time (saves state in .latest.JOURNALFILE file)

  • new tags command: lists tags in matched transactions

  • most addons formerly shipped in bin/ are now builtin commands. These include: check-dates, check-dupes, equity, prices, print-unique, register-match, rewrite.

  • refactor: new Commands module and subdirectory. Builtin commands are now gathered more tightly in a single module, Hledger.Cli.Commands, facilitating change. The legacy "convert" command has been dropped.

  • refactor: BalanceView -> CompoundBalanceCommand

  • deps: drop support for directory < 1.2

  • deps: allow ansi-terminal 0.7

  • deps: drop oldtime flag, require time 1.5+

  • deps: simplify shakespeare bounds

  • deps: remove ghc < 7.6 support

  • bs/is: don't let an empty subreport disable the grand totals (#588)

  • allow megaparsec 6 (#594)

  • allow megaparsec-6.1 (Hans-Peter Deifel)

  • restore upper bounds on hledger packages

hledger-ui 1.4

  • a @FILE argument reads flags & args from FILE, one per line

  • enable --pivot and --anon options, like hledger CLI (#474) (Jakub Zárybnický)

  • accept -NUM as a shortcut for --depth NUM

  • deps: allow ansi-terminal 0.7

  • deps: drop oldtime flag, require time 1.5+

  • allow megaparsec 6 (#594, Simon Michael, Hans-Peter Deifel)

  • allow megaparsec-6.1 (Hans-Peter Deifel)

  • allow vty 5.17 (Felix Yan)

  • allow brick 0.24

  • restore upper bounds on hledger packages

hledger-web 1.4

  • a @FILE argument reads flags & args from FILE, one per line

  • enable --pivot and --anon options, like hledger CLI (#474) (Jakub Zárybnický)

  • web: Make "Add transaction" button tabbable (#430) (Jakub Zárybnický)

  • accept -NUM as a shortcut for --depth NUM

  • deps: drop oldtime flag, require time 1.5+, remove ghc < 7.6 support

  • remove unnecessary bound to satisfy hackage server
  • allow megaparsec 6 (#594, Simon Michael, Hans-Peter Deifel)

  • allow megaparsec-6.1 (Hans-Peter Deifel)

  • restore upper bounds on hledger packages

hledger-api 1.4

  • api: add support for swagger2 2.1.5+ (fixes #612)
  • require servant-server 0.10+ to fix compilation warning

  • restore upper bounds on hledger packages

2017/6/30 hledger 1.3

terminology/UI improvements for the status field, selection/scrolling/movement improvements in hledger-ui, negative amounts shown in red, bugfixes. (mail)

Release contributors: Simon Michael, Mykola Orliuk, Christian G. Warden, Dmitry Astapov, Justin Le, Joe Horsnell, Nicolas Wavrant, afarrow, Carel Fellinger, flip111, David Reaver, Felix Yan, Nissar Chababy, Jan Zerebecki.


make ghci-prof starts GHCI in profiling mode, enabling stack traces with traceStack

make ghci-web now also creates required symlinks

make site-reload opens an auto-reloading browser on the latest site html

make changelog-draft shows the commits since last tag as org nodes

hledger-lib 1.3

journal format

The "uncleared" transaction/posting status (and associated UI flags and keys) has been renamed to "unmarked" to remove ambiguity and confusion. See the issue and linked mail list discussion for more background. (#564)

csv format

In CSV conversion rules, assigning to the "balance" field name creates balance assertions (#537, Dmitry Astapov).

Doubled minus signs are handled more robustly (fixes #524, Nicolas Wavrant, Simon Michael)


Multiple status: query terms are now OR'd together. (#564)

Deps: allow megaparsec 5.3.

hledger cli 1.3


The "uncleared" transaction/posting status, and associated UI flags and keys, have been renamed to "unmarked" to remove ambiguity and confusion. This means that we have dropped the --uncleared flag, and our -U flag now matches only unmarked things and not pending ones. See the issue and linked mail list discussion for more background. (#564)

Also the -P short flag has been added for --pending, and the -U/-P/-C flags can be combined.

bs/is: fix "Ratio has zero denominator" error (#535)

bs/is/cf: fix --flat (#552) (Justin Le, Simon Michael)

bal/bs/is/cf: show negative amounts in red (Simon Michael, Justin Le). These commands now show negative amounts in red, when hledger detects that ANSI codes are supported, (ie when TERM is not "dumb" and stdout is not being redirected or piped).

print: show pending mark on postings (fixes #563). A pending mark on postings is now displayed, just like a cleared mark. Also there will now be a space between the mark and account name.

print: amounts are now better aligned, eg when there are posting status marks or virtual postings.


prices: add --inverted-costs flag, sort output, increase precision (Mykola Orliuk)

rewrite: add support for rewriting multipler postings into different commodities. For example, postings in hours can be used to generate postings in USD. (#557) (Christian G. Warden)

make addons compiles the experimental add-ons.

hledger-ui 1.3

The register screen now shows transaction status marks.

The "uncleared" status, and associated UI flags and keys, have been renamed to "unmarked" to remove ambiguity and confusion. This means that we have dropped the --uncleared flag, and our -U flag now matches only unmarked things and not pending ones. See the issue and linked mail list discussion for more background. (#564)

The P key toggles pending mode, consistent with U (unmarked) and C (cleared). There is also a temporary --status-toggles flag for testing other toggle styles; see hledger-ui -h. (#564)

There is now less "warping" of selection when lists change:

  • When the selected account disappears, eg when toggling zero accounts, the selection moves to the alphabetically preceding item, instead of the first one.

  • When the selected transaction disappears, eg when toggling status filters, the selection moves to the nearest transaction by date (and if several have the same date, by journal order), instead of the last one.

In the accounts and register screens, you can now scroll down further so that the last item need not always be shown at the bottom of the screen. And we now try to show the selected item centered in the following situations:

  • after moving to the end with Page down/End
  • after toggling filters/display modes (status, real, historical..)
  • on pressing the control-l key (this forces a screen redraw, also)
  • on entering the register screen from the accounts screen (except the first time, a known problem).

Items near the top won't be centered because we don't scroll above the top of the list.

Emacs movement keys are now supported, as well as VI keys. CTRL-b/CTRL-f/CTRL-n/CTRL-p and hjkl should work wherever unmodified arrow keys work.

In the transaction screen, amounts are now better aligned, eg when there are posting status marks or virtual postings.

Deps: allow brick 0.19 (#575, Felix Yan, Simon Michael)

hledger-web 1.3

Depends on hledger 1.3.

hledger-api 1.3

Depends on hledger 1.3.

2017/3/31 hledger 1.2

new commands list, more powerful balancesheet/incomestatement/cashflow commands, more parseable print output, better --pivot, basic automated postings and periodic transactions support, more and easier addons, bugfixes

Release contributors: Simon Michael, Mykola Orliuk, Justin Le, Peter Simons, Stefano Rodighiero, Moritz Kiefer, Pia Mancini, Bryan Richter, Steven R. Baker, Hans-Peter Deifel, Joshua Chia, Joshua Kehn, Michael Walker.

project-wide changes 1.2


bump stack config to latest lts, bump brick to 0.15.2 to allow hledger-iadd install in hledger dir, update cabal files to latest hpack 0.17.0/stack 1.4 format (#512), use more accurate license tag in Cabal file (Peter Simons).


set up a hledger open collective (, more devguide links to issues with bounties, codefund link, start tracking and publishing project finances (dogfooding!).

Documentation and website

docs page & manual cleanups, begin organising a cookbook, update addons list, move detailed addon docs out of hledger manual, document addons installation, explain print's CSV output, note an issue with balance assertions & multiple -f options, clarify tags, add github stars widget to home and devguide, improve market price docs, ui & web screenshots layout fixes, fix extra whitespace after synopsis in hledger-web text manuals, update accounts directive/budget/rewrite/read-related mockups, drop old org notes.


consolidate extra/ and data/ in examples/, tarsnap csv rules & reporting example, xpensetracker csv rules.


Travis CI now checks functional tests/build warnings/addons, temporary workaround for Appveyor CI failures, remove accidentally committed pandoc executables, some pandoc filter fixes, mailmap file to clean up git log authors, bench.hs cleanup, fix gitignore of generated manuals, avoid excessive rebuilding with make [func]test, run functional tests more verbosely, add alex/happy update step to

hledger-lib 1.2

journal format

A pipe character can optionally be used to delimit payee names in transaction descriptions, for more accurate querying and pivoting by payee. Eg, for a description like payee name | additional notes, the two parts will be accessible as pseudo-fields/tags named payee and note.

Some journal parse errors now show the range of lines involved, not just the first.

ledger format

The experimental ledger: reader based on the WIP ledger4 project has been disabled, reducing build dependencies.


Fix a bug when tying the knot between postings and their parent transaction, reducing memory usage by about 10% (#483) (Mykola Orliuk)

Fix a few spaceleaks (#413) (Moritz Kiefer)

Add Ledger.Parse.Text to package.yaml, fixing a potential build failure.

Allow megaparsec 5.2 (#503)

Rename optserror -> usageError, consolidate with other error functions

hledger cli 1.2


"hledger" and "hledger -h" now print a better organised commands list and general usage message respectively (#297).

The common reporting flags can now be used anywhere on the command line.

Fixed deduplication of addons in commands list.

Fixed ugly stack traces in command line parse error messages.

The -V/--value flag is now a global report flag, so it works with balance, print, register, balancesheet, incomestatement, cashflow, etc. (Justin Le)

The --pivot global reporting option replaces all account names with the value of some other field or tag. It has been improved, eg:

  • we don't add the field/tag name name as a prefix
  • when pivoting on a tag, if the tag is missing we show a blank (rather than showing mixed tag values and account names)
  • a pipe character delimiter may be used in descriptions to get a more accurate and useful payee report (hledger balance --pivot payee)

options cleanups


Easier installation: move add-ons and example scripts to bin/, convert to stack scripts, add a build script to install all deps, add some functional tests, test add-ons with Travis CI, add installation docs to download page.

Improved docs: all addons now contain their own documentation. Most of them (all but hledger-budget) use a new reduced-boilerplate declaration format and can show short (-h) and long (--help) command line help. (Long help is declared with pre and postambles to the generated options help, short help is that truncated at the start of the hledger common flags.)

hledger now shows a cleaner list of addon commands, showing only the compiled version of an addon when both source and compiled versions are in $PATH. (Addons with .exe extension or no extension are considered compiled. Modification time is not checked, ie, an old compiled addon will override a newer source version. If there are three or more versions of an addon, all are shown. )

New addons added/included:

  • autosync - example symlink to ledger-autosync
  • budget - experimental budget reporting command supporting Ledger-like periodic transactions and automated transactions (Mykola Orliuk)
  • chart - pie-chart-generating prototype, a repackaging of the old hledger-chart tool
  • check - more powerful balance assertions (Michael Walker)
  • check-dupes - find accounts sharing the same leaf name (Stefano Rodighiero)
  • prices - show all market price records (Mykola Orliuk)
  • register-match - a helper for ledger-autosync's deduplication, finds best match for a transaction description

The equity command now always generates a valid journal transaction, handles prices better, and adds balance assertions (Mykola Orliuk).

The rewrite command is more robust and powerful (Mykola Orliuk):

  • in addition to command-line rewrite options, it understands rewrite rules defined in the journal, similar to Ledger's automated transactions (#99). Eg:

    = ^income
        (liabilities:tax)  *.33
    = expenses:gifts
        budget:gifts  *-1
        assets:budget  *1
  • it can generate diff output, allowing easier review of the proposed changes, and safe modification of original journal files (preserving file-level comments and directives). Eg:

    hledger-rewrite --diff Agency --add-posting 'Expenses:Taxes  *0.17' | patch
  • rewrites can affect multiple postings in a transaction, not just one.

  • posting-specific dates are handled better


A new --pretty-tables option uses unicode characters for rendering table borders in multicolumn reports (#522) (Moritz Kiefer)


These commands are now more powerful, able to show multicolumn reports and generally having the same features as the balance command. (Justin Le)

balancesheet has always ignored a begin date specified with a -b or -p option; now it also ignores a begin date specified with a date: query. (Related discussion at #531)


The output of print is now always a valid journal (fixes #465) (Mykola Orliuk).

print now tries to preserves the format of implicit/explicit balancing amounts and prices, by default. To print with all amounts explicit, use the new --explicit/-x flag (fixes #442). (Mykola Orliuk)

Don't lose the commodity of zero amounts/zero balance assertions (fixes #475) (Mykola Orliuk)


Fix a regression in the readability of option parsing errors (#478) (Hans-Peter Deifel)

Fix an example in Cli/Main.hs (Steven R. Baker)

Allow megaparsec 5.2 (#503)

hledger-ui 1.2

Fix a pattern match failure when pressing E on the transaction screen (fixes #508)

Accounts with ? in name had empty registers (fixes #498) (Bryan Richter)

Allow brick 0.16 (Joshua Chia) and brick 0.17/vty 0.15 (Peter Simons)

Allow megaparsec 5.2 (fixes #503)

Allow text-zipper 0.10

hledger-web 1.2

Accounts with ? in name had empty registers (fixes #498) (Bryan Richter)

Allow megaparsec 5.2 (fixes #503)

2016/12/31 hledger 1.1

more robust file format detection, integration of WIP ledger4 parser, balance assignments, hledger-ui --watch, hledger-iadd integration, bugfixes

Release contributors: Simon Michael, Johannes Gerer, Mykola Orliuk, Shubham Lagwankar.

project-wide changes 1.1


  • don't show stack trace details in errors

  • more predictable file format detection

    When we don't recognise a file's extension, instead of choosing a subset of readers to try based on content sniffing, now we just try them all. Also, this can be overridden by prepending the reader name and a colon to the file path (eg timedot:file.dat, csv:-).

  • avoid creating junk CSV rules files when trying alternate readers. We now create it only after successfully reading a file as CSV.

  • improvements to -B and -V docs: clearer descriptions, more linkage (#403)

hledger-lib 1.1

journal format

  • balance assignments are now supported (#438, #129, #157, #288)

    This feature also brings a slight performance drop (~5%); optimisations welcome.

  • also recognise *.hledger files as hledger journal format

ledger format

  • use ledger-parse from the ledger4 project as an alternate reader for C++ Ledger journals

    The idea is that some day we might get better compatibility with Ledger files this way. Right now this reader is not very useful and will be used only if you explicitly select it with a ledger: prefix. It parses transaction dates, descriptions, accounts and amounts, and ignores everything else. Amount parsing is delegated to hledger's journal parser, and malformed amounts might be silently ignored.

    This adds at least some of the following as new dependencies for hledger-lib: parsers, parsec, attoparsec, trifecta.


  • update base lower bound to enforce GHC 7.10+

    hledger-lib had a valid install plan with GHC 7.8, but currently requires GHC 7.10 to compile. Now we require base 4.8+ everywhere to ensure the right GHC version at the start.

  • Hledger.Read api cleanups

  • rename dbgIO to dbg0IO, consistent with dbg0, and document a bug in dbg*IO

  • make readJournalFiles [f] equivalent to readJournalFile f (#437)

  • more general parser types enabling reuse outside of IO (#439)

hledger cli 1.1


  • with -V, don't ignore market prices in the future (#453, #403)

  • with -V and multiple same-date market prices, use the last parsed not the highest price (#403)


  • fix non-existent "oldtime" dependency (#431)

  • hledger-equity.hs now generates valid journal format when there are multiple commodities

hledger-ui 1.1

  • with --watch, the display updates automatically to show file or date changes

    hledger-ui --watch will reload data when the journal file (or any included file) changes. Also, when viewing a current standard period (ie this day/week/month/quarter/year), the period will move as needed to track the current system date.

  • the --change flag shows period changes at startup instead of historical ending balances

  • the A key runs the hledger-iadd tool, if installed

  • always reload when g is pressed

    Previously it would check the modification time and reload only if it looked newer than the last reload.

  • mark hledger-ui as "stable"

  • allow brick 0.15, vty 5.14, text-zipper 0.9

hledger-web 1.1

  • add --host option (#429)

    This came up in the context of Docker, but it seems it wasn't possible for hledger-web to serve remote clients directly (without a proxy) because of being hardcoded. That can now be changed with --host=IPADDR. Also, the default base url uses this address rather than a hard-coded "localhost".

  • rename --server to --serve

    The --server flag sounded too close in meaning to --host so I've renamed it to --serve. The old spelling is still accepted, but deprecated and will be removed in the next release.

hledger-api 1.1

  • serves on by default, --host option added (#432)

    Consistent with hledger-web: serves only local requests by default, use --host=IPADDR to change this.

  • fixed the version string in command-line help and swagger info

2016/10/26 hledger 1.0

More hledger-ui features, better hledger-web layout, new hledger-api server, new timedot format, --pivot & --anon, reorganized multi-format docs, built-in help.


Release contributors: Simon Michael, Dominik Süß, Thomas R. Koll, Moritz Kiefer, jungle-boogie, Sergei Trofimovich, Malte Brandy, Sam Doshi, Mitchell Rosen, Hans-Peter Deifel, Brian Scott, and Andrew Jones.


  • added GHC 8 support, dropped GHC 7.6 and 7.8 support.

    GHC 7.8 support could be restored with small code changes and a maintainer.

  • a cabal.project file has been added (Moritz Kiefer)

  • use hpack for maintaining cabal files (#371).

    Instead of editing cabal files directly, we now edit the less verbose and less redundant package.yaml files and let stack (or hpack) update the cabal files. We commit both the .yaml and .cabal files.

  • clean up some old cabal flags

  • tools/simplebench has been spun off as the quickbench package.

  • add Appveyor CI builds, provide more up-to-date Windows binaries

  • extra: add a bunch of CSV rules examples


  • the website is simpler, clearer, and more mobile-friendly.

    Docs are now collected on a single page and organised by type: getting started, reference, more.

  • reference docs have been split into one manual for each executable and file format.

    This helps with maintenance and packaging and also should make it easier to see what's available and to read just what you need.

  • manuals are now provided in html, plain text, man and info formats

    generated from the same source by a new Shake-based docs build system. (#292)

  • versioned manuals are provided on the website, covering recent releases and the latest dev version (#385, #387)

  • manuals are built in to the hledger executables, allowing easy offline reading on all platforms.

    PROG -h              shows PROG's command-line usage
    PROG --help          shows PROG's manual (fixed width)
    PROG --man           shows PROG's manual with man (formatted/paged)
    PROG --info          shows PROG's manual with info (hypertext)
    hledger help [TOPIC] shows any manual
    hledger man  [TOPIC] shows any manual with man
    hledger info [TOPIC] shows any manual with info
  • the general and reporting options are now listed in all executable manuals.

    We assume any of them which are unsupported are harmlessly ignored.

  • is using beancount's example journal.

    This is the somewhat realistic example journal from the beancount project, tweaked for hledger.

  • minor copyedits (jungle-boogie)


  • parsing multiple input files is now robust.

    When multiple -f options are provided, we now parse each file individually rather than just concatenating them, so they can have different formats (#320). Note this also means that directives (like Y or alias) no longer carry over from one file to the next.

  • -I has been added as the short flag for --ignore-assertions

    (this is different from Ledger's CLI, but useful for hledger-ui).

  • parsing an argument-less --debug option is more robust

hledger-lib 1.0

timedot format

  • new "timedot" format for retroactive/approximate time logging.

    Timedot is a plain text format for logging dated, categorised quantities (eg time), supported by hledger. It is convenient for approximate and retroactive time logging, eg when the real-time clock-in/out required with a timeclock file is too precise or too interruptive. It can be formatted like a bar chart, making clear at a glance where time was spent.

timeclock format

  • renamed "timelog" format to "timeclock", matching the emacs package

  • sessions can no longer span file boundaries (unclocked-out

    sessions will be auto-closed at the end of the file).

  • transaction ids now count up rather than down (#394)

  • timeclock files no longer support default year directives

  • removed old code for appending timeclock transactions to journal transactions.

    A holdover from the days when both were allowed in one file.

csv format

  • fix empty field assignment parsing, rule parse errors after megaparsec port (#407) (Hans-Peter Deifel)

journal format

  • journal files can now include timeclock or timedot files (#320)

    (but not yet CSV files).

  • fixed an issue with ordering of same-date transactions included from other files

  • the "commodity" directive and "format" subdirective are now supported, allowing

    full control of commodity style (#295) The commodity directive's format subdirective can now be used to override the inferred style for a commodity, eg to increase or decrease the precision. This is at least a good workaround for #295.

  • Ledger-style "apply account"/"end apply account" directives are now used to set a default parent account.

  • the Ledger-style "account" directive is now accepted (and ignored).

  • bracketed posting dates are more robust (#304)

    Bracketed posting dates were fragile; they worked only if you wrote full 10-character dates. Also some semantics were a bit unclear. Now they should be robust, and have been documented more clearly. This is a legacy undocumented Ledger syntax, but it improves compatibility and might be preferable to the more verbose "date:" tags if you write posting dates often (as I do). Internally, bracketed posting dates are no longer considered to be tags. Journal comment, tag, and posting date parsers have been reworked, all with doctests.

  • balance assertion failure messages are clearer

  • with --debug=2, more detail about balance assertions is shown.


  • file parsers have been ported from Parsec to Megaparsec \o/ (#289, #366) (Alexey Shmalko, Moritz Kiefer)

  • most hledger types have been converted from String to Text, reducing memory usage by 30%+ on large files

  • file parsers have been simplified for easier troubleshooting (#275).

    The journal/timeclock/timedot parsers, instead of constructing opaque journal update functions which are later applied to build the journal, now construct the journal directly by modifying the parser state. This is easier to understand and debug. It also rules out the possibility of journal updates being a space leak. (They weren't, in fact this change increased memory usage slightly, but that has been addressed in other ways). The ParsedJournal type alias has been added to distinguish "being-parsed" journals and "finalised" journals.

  • file format detection is more robust.

    The Journal, Timelog and Timedot readers' detectors now check each line in the sample data, not just the first one. I think the sample data is only about 30 chars right now, but even so this fixed a format detection issue I was seeing. Also, we now always try parsing stdin as journal format (not just sometimes).

  • all file formats now produce transaction ids, not just journal (#394)

  • git clone of the hledger repo on windows now works (#345)

  • added missing benchmark file (#342)

  • our stack.yaml files are more compatible across stack versions (#300)

  • use newer file-embed to fix ghci working directory dependence

  • report more accurate dates in account transaction report when postings have their own dates

    (affects hledger-ui and hledger-web registers). The newly-named "transaction register date" is the date to be displayed for that transaction in a transaction register, for some current account and filter query. It is either the transaction date from the journal ("transaction general date"), or if postings to the current account and matched by the register's filter query have their own dates, the earliest of those posting dates.

  • simplify account transactions report's running total.

    The account transactions report used for hledger-ui and -web registers now gives either the "period total" or "historical total", depending strictly on the --historical flag. It doesn't try to indicate whether the historical total is the accurate historical balance (which depends on the user's report query).

  • reloading a file now preserves the effect of options, query arguments etc.

  • reloading a journal should now reload all included files as well.

  • the Hledger.Read.* modules have been reorganised for better reuse.

    Hledger.Read.Utils has been renamed Hledger.Read.Common and holds low-level parsers & utilities; high-level read utilities are now in Hledger.Read.

  • clarify amount display style canonicalisation code and terminology a bit.

    Individual amounts still have styles; from these we derive the standard "commodity styles". In user docs, we might call these "commodity formats" since they can be controlled by the "format" subdirective in journal files.

  • Journal is now a monoid

  • expandPath now throws a proper IO error

  • more unit tests, start using doctest

hledger cli 1.0


  • suggest only one commodity at a time as default amount (#383)

    (since we currently can't input more than one at a time)


  • added --change flag for consistency

  • -H/--historical now also affects single-column balance reports with a start date (#392).

    This has the same effect as just omitting the start date, but adds consistency.

  • in CSV output, render amounts in one-line format (#336)


  • fix an infinite loop (#393)
  • in CSV output, fix and rename the transaction id field


  • fix a sorting regression with --date2 (#326)

  • --average/-A is now affected by --historical/-H

  • added --cumulative flag for consistency

  • in CSV output, include the transaction id and rename the total field (#391)


  • fixed an issue with ordering of include files


  • --pivot option added, groups postings by tag instead of account (#323) (Malte Brandy)

  • --anon option added, obfuscates account names and descriptions (#265) (Brian Scott)

    (Only affects the hledger tool, for now.)

  • try to clarify balance/register's various report modes,

    kinds of "balance" displayed, and related options and language.

  • with multiple --change/--cumulative/--historical flags, use the last one instead of complaining

  • don't add the "d" suffix when displaying day periods

  • stack-ify extra/hledger-rewrite.hs

hledger-ui 1.0

accounts screen

  • at depth 0, show accounts on one "All" line and show all transactions in the register

  • 0 now sets depth limit to 0 instead of clearing it

  • always use --no-elide for a more regular accounts tree

register screen

  • registers can now include/exclude subaccount transactions.

    The register screen now includes subaccounts' transactions if the accounts screen was in tree mode, or when showing an account which was at the depth limit. Ie, it always shows the transactions contributing to the balance displayed on the accounts screen. As on the accounts screen, F toggles between tree mode/subaccount txns included by default and flat mode/subaccount txns excluded by default. (At least, it does when it would make a difference.)

  • register transactions are filtered by realness and status (#354).

    Two fixes for the account transactions report when --real/--cleared/real:/status: are in effect, affecting hledger-ui and hledger-web:

    1. exclude transactions which affect the current account via an excluded posting type. Eg when --real is in effect, a transaction posting to the current account with only virtual postings will not appear in the report.

    2. when showing historical balances, don't count excluded posting types in the starting balance. Eg with --real, the starting balance will be the sum of only the non-virtual prior postings.

      This is complicated and there might be some ways to confuse it still, causing wrongly included/excluded transactions or wrong historical balances/running totals (transactions with both real and virtual postings to the current account, perhaps ?)

  • show more accurate dates when postings have their own dates.

    If postings to the register account matched by the register's filter query have their own dates, we show the earliest of these as the transaction date.


  • H toggles between showing "historical" or "period" balances (#392).

    By default hledger-ui now shows historical balances, which include transactions before the report start date (like hledger balance --historical). Use the H key to toggle to "period" mode, where balances start from 0 on the report start date.

  • shift arrow keys allow quick period browsing

    • shift-down narrows to the next smaller standard period (year/quarter/month/week/day), shift-up does the reverse
    • when narrowed to a standard period, shift-right/left moves to the next/previous period
    • `t` sets the period to today.
  • a runs the add command

  • E runs $HLEDGERUIEDITOR or $EDITOR or a default editor (vi) on the journal file.

    When using emacs or vi, if a transaction is selected the cursor will be positioned at its journal entry.

  • / key sets the filter query; BACKSPACE/DELETE clears it

  • Z toggles display of zero items (like --empty), and they are shown by default.

    -E/--empty is now the default for hledger-ui, so accounts with 0 balance and transactions posting 0 change are shown by default. The Z key toggles this, entering "nonzero" mode which hides zero items.

  • R toggles inclusion of only real (non-virtual) postings

  • U toggles inclusion of only uncleared transactions/postings

  • I toggles balance assertions checking, useful for troubleshooting

  • vi-style movement keys are now supported (for help, you must now use ? not h) (#357)

  • ESC cancels minibuffer/help or clears the filter query and jumps to top screen

  • ENTER has been reserved for later use

  • reloading now preserves any options and modes in effect

  • reloading on the error screen now updates the message rather than entering a new error screen

  • the help dialog is more detailed, includes the hledger-ui manual, and uses the full terminal width if needed

  • the header/footer content is more efficient; historical/period and tree/flat modes are now indicated in the footer

  • date: query args on the command line now affect the report period.

    A date2: arg or --date2 flag might also affect it (untested).

  • hledger-ui now uses the quicker-building microlens

hledger-web 1.0


  • use full width on large screens, hide sidebar on small screens, more standard bootstrap styling (#418, #422) (Dominik Süß)

  • show the sidebar by default (#310)

  • fix the add link's tooltip

  • when the add form opens, focus the first field (#338)

  • leave the add form's date field blank, avoiding a problem with tab clearing it (#322)

  • use transaction id instead of date in transaction urls (#308) (Thomas R. Koll)

  • after following a link to a transaction, highlight it (Thomas R. Koll)

  • misc. HTML/CSS/file cleanups/fixes (Thomas R. Koll)


  • startup is more robust (#226).

    Now we exit if something is already using the specified port, and we don't open a browser page before the app is ready.

  • termination is more robust, avoiding stray background threads.

    We terminate the server thread more carefully on exit, eg on control-C in GHCI.

  • more robust register dates and filtering in some situations (see hledger-ui notes)

  • reloading the journal preserves options, arguments in effect (#314).

    The initial query specified by command line arguments is now preserved when the journal is reloaded. This does not appear in the web UI, it's like an invisible extra filter.

  • show a proper not found page on 404

  • document the special `inacct:` query (#390)

hledger-api 1.0


  • new hledger-api tool: a simple web API server with example clients (#316)

  • start an Angular-based API example client (#316) (Thomas R. Koll)

2008-2015 Pre-1.0

2015/10/30 hledger 0.27

New curses-style interface, market value reporting, wide characters, fast regex aliases, man pages (mail)

Release contributors: Simon Michael, Carlos Lopez-Camey.

hledger 0.27:

Account aliases:

  • Regular expression account aliases are now fast enough that you can use lots of them without slowing things down. They now take O(aliases x accounts) time, instead of O(aliases x transactions); also, regular expressions are no longer recompiled unnecessarily.


  • The hledger packages now have man pages, based on the current user manual, thanks to the mighty pandoc (#282).

Journal format:

  • Dates must now begin with a digit (not /, eg).

  • The comment directive longer requires an end comment, and will extend to the end of the file(s) without it.

Command-line interface:

  • Output (balance reports, register reports, print output etc.) containing wide characters, eg chinese/japanese/korean characters, should now align correctly, when viewed in apps and fonts that show wide characters as double width (#242).

  • The argument for --depth or depth: must now be positive.


  • Journal entries are now saved with all amounts explicit, to avoid losing price info (#283).

  • Fixed a bug which sometimes (when the same letter pair was repeated) caused it not to pick the most similar past transaction for defaults.


  • There is now a -V/--value flag to report current market value (as in Ledger). It converts all reported amounts using their "default market price". "Market price" is the new name for "historical prices", defined with the P directive. The default market price for a commodity is the most recent one found in the journal on or before the report end date.

    Unlike Ledger, hledger's -V uses only the market prices recorded with P directives; it does not use the transaction prices recorded as part of posting amounts. Using both -B and -V at the same time is possible.

  • Fixed a bug in amount normalization which caused amount styles (commodity symbol placement, decimal point character, etc.) to be lost in certain cases (#230, #276).

  • The balance command's --format option can now adjust the rendering style of multi-commodity amounts, if you begin the format string with one of:

    %_ - renders amounts on multiple lines, bottom-aligned (the default) %^ - renders amounts on multiple lines, top-aligned %, - renders amounts on one line, comma-separated

  • The balance report's final total (and the line above it) now adapt themselves to a custom --format.


  • The --match option prints the journal entry that best matches a description (ie whose description field is most similar to the value given, and if there are several equally similar, the most recent). This was originally an add-on I used to guess account names for ledger-autosync. It's nice for quickly looking up a recent transaction from a guessed or partial description.

  • print now always right-aligns the amounts in an entry, even when they are wider than 12 characters. (If there is a price, it's considered part of the amount for right-alignment.)


  • Amount columns now resize automatically, using more space if it's needed and available.

hledger-ui 0.27:

  • hledger-ui is a new curses-style UI, intended to be a standard part of the hledger toolset for all users (except on native MS Windows, where the vty lib is not yet supported).

    The UI is quite simple, allowing just browsing of accounts and transactions, but it has a number of improvements over the old hledger-vty, which it replaces:

    • adapts to screen size
    • handles wide characters
    • shows multi-commodity amounts on one line
    • manages cursor and scroll position better
    • allows depth adjustment
    • allows --flat toggle
    • allows --cleared toggle
    • allows journal reloading
    • shows a more useful transaction register, like hledger-web
    • offers multiple color themes
    • includes some built-in help

    hledger-ui is built with brick, a new higher-level UI library based on vty, making it relatively easy to grow and maintain.

hledger-web 0.27:

  • Fix keyboard shortcut for adding a transaction (Carlos Lopez-Camey)

  • Clear the form when clicking 'Add a transaction' (just like the shortcut) (Carlos Lopez-Camey)

  • Disallow -f- (reading from standard input) which currently doesn't work (#202)

  • Fix broken links when using --base-url (#235)

  • Fix the --file-url option (#285)

  • Show fewer "other accounts" in the account register: to reduce clutter in the "other accounts" field, if there are both real and virtual postings to other accounts, show only the accounts posted to by real postings.

2015/7/12 hledger 0.26

Website & doc updates, account aliases, misc. bugfixes & cleanups, performance.

Release contributors: Simon Michael, Imuli, Carlos Lopez-Camey, Kyle Marek-Spartz, Rick Lupton, Simon Hengel.

Changes to & docs:

  • examples everywhere, screenshots, content & style updates
  • manual: reorganise topics, add some undocumented things, clarify some things
  • dev guide: more links, put how-tos first, copy diagram from old wiki, update the setup docs

User-visible changes in hledger since 0.25.1:

Account aliases:

  • Account aliases are once again non-regular-expression-based, by default. (#252)

    The regex account aliases added in 0.24 tend to trip up people switching between hledger and Ledger. (Also they are currently slow). We now use the old non-regular-expression aliases again, by default; these are unsurprising, useful, and pretty close in functionality to Ledger's aliases.

    The new regex aliases are still available, but they must now be enclosed in forward slashes. (Ledger effectively ignores these.)

Journal format:

  • We now parse, and also print, journal entries with no postings, as proposed on the mail lists. These are not well-formed General Journal entries/transactions, but on the other hand: Ledger and beancount parse them; if they are parsed, they should be printed; they provide a convenient way to record (and report) non-transaction events; and they permit more gradual introduction and learning of the concepts (so eg a beginner can keep a simple journal before learning about accounts and postings).

  • Trailing whitespace after a comment directive is now ignored.

Command-line interface:

  • The -f/file option may now be used multiple times. This is equivalent to concatenating the input files before running hledger. The add command adds entries to the first file specified.


  • real: (no argument) is now a synonym for real:1

  • tag: now matches tag names with a regular expression, like most other queries

  • empty: is no longer supported, as it overlaps a bit confusingly with amt:0. The --empty flag is still available.

  • You can now match on pending status (#250)

    A transaction/posting status of ! (pending) was effectively equivalent to * (cleared). Now it's a separate state, not matched by --cleared. The new Ledger-compatible --pending flag matches it, and so does --uncleared.

    The relevant search query terms are now status:*, status:! and status: (the old status:1 and status:0 spellings are deprecated).

    Since we interpret --uncleared and status: as "any state except cleared", it's not currently possible to match things which are neither cleared nor pending.


  • activity no longer excludes 0-amount postings by default.


  • Don't show quotes around the journal file path in the "Creating..." message, for consistency with the subsequent "Adding..." message.


  • Accounts beginning with "debt" or now also recognised as liabilities.


  • We now limit the display precision of inferred prices. (#262)

    When a transaction posts to two commodities without specifying the conversion price, we generate a price which makes it balance (cf < The print command showed this with full precision (so that manual calculations with the displayed numbers would look right), but this sometimes meant we showed 255 digits (when there are multiple postings in the commodity being priced, and the averaged unit price is an irrational number). In this case we now set the price's display precision to the sum of the (max) display precisions of the commodities involved. An example:

    hledger -f- print
        c    C 10.00
        c    C 11.00
        d  D -320.00
        c  C 10.00 @ D 15.2381
        c  C 11.00 @ D 15.2381
        d     D -320.00

    There might still be cases where this will show more price decimal places than necessary.

  • We now show inferred unit prices with at least 2 decimal places.

    When inferring prices, if the commodities involved have low display precisions, we don't do a good job of rendering accurate-looking unit prices. Eg if the journal doesn't use any decimal places, any inferred unit prices are also displayed with no decimal places, which makes them look wrong to the user. Now, we always give inferred unit prices a minimum display precision of 2, which helps a bit.


  • Postings with no amounts could give a runtime error in some obscure case, now fixed.


  • stats now supports -o/--outputfile, like register/balance/print.
  • An O(n^2) performance slowdown has been fixed, it's now much faster on large journals.
    |                                      ||   0.25 |   0.26 |
    | -f data/100x100x10.journal     stats ||   0.10 |   0.16 |
    | -f data/1000x1000x10.journal   stats ||   0.45 |   0.21 |
    | -f data/10000x1000x10.journal  stats ||  58.92 |   2.16 |


  • The June 30 day span was not being rendered correctly; fixed. (#272)
  • The deprecated shakespeare-text dependency has been removed more thoroughly.
  • The bench script invoked by "cabal bench" or "stack bench" now runs some simple benchmarks. You can get more accurate benchmark times by running with --criterion. This will usually give much the same numbers and takes much longer. Or with --simplebench, it benchmarks whatever commands are configured in bench/default.bench. This mode uses the first "hledger" executable in $PATH.

User-visible changes in hledger-web since 0.25.1:

  • make the j keybinding respect --base-url (fixes #271)
  • respect command line options (fixes #225)
  • include the unminified jquery source again (#161)
  • fix build breakage from #165 (fixes #268)
  • fix a js error breaking add form in browsers other than firefox (fixes #251)
  • drop deprecated network-conduit dependency
2015/4/29 hledger-web 0.25.1
  • support/require base-compat >0.8 (#245)
2015/4/29 hledger 0.25.1
  • timelog: support the description field (#247)
2015/4/29 hledger-lib 0.25.1
  • support/require base-compat >0.8 (#245)

2015/4/7 hledger 0.25

GHC 7.10 compatibility, terminal width awareness, useful averages and totals columns, and a more robust hledger-web add form.


Release contributors: Simon Michael, Julien Moutinho.

User-visible changes in hledger since 0.24.1:

  • GHC 7.10 compatibility (#239)

  • On POSIX systems, the register command now uses the full terminal width by default. Specifically, the output width is set from:

    1. a --width option
    2. or a COLUMNS environment variable (NB: not the same as a bash shell var)
    3. or on POSIX (non-windows) systems, the current terminal width
    4. or the default, 80 characters.

    This feature requires the C curses dev libraries, making installation slightly harder. If that's a problem you can disable curses support with a cabal flag: cabal install -f-curses ....

  • register's --width option now accepts an optional description column width following the overall width (--width WIDTH[,DESCWIDTH]). This also sets the account column width, since the available space (WIDTH-41) is divided up between these two columns. Here's a diagram:

    <--------------------------------- width (W) ---------------------------------->
    date (10)  description (D)       account (W-41-D)     amount (12)   balance (12)
    DDDDDDDDDD dddddddddddddddddddd  aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa  AAAAAAAAAAAA  AAAAAAAAAAAA
    $ hledger reg                 # use terminal width on posix
    $ hledger reg -w 100          # width 100, equal description/account widths
    $ hledger reg -w 100,40       # width 100, wider description
    $ hledger reg -w $COLUMNS,100 # terminal width and set description width
  • balance: new -T/--row-total and -A/--average options

    In multicolumn balance reports, -T/--row-total now shows a totals column and -A/--average shows an averages column. This helps eg to see monthly average expenses (hledger bal ^expenses -MA).

    NB our use of -T deviates from Ledger's UI, where -T sets a custom final total expression.

  • balance: -N is now short for --no-total

  • balance: fix partially-visible totals row with --no-total

    A periodic (not using --cumulative or --historical) balance report with --no-total now hides the totals row properly.

  • journal, csv: comment lines can also start with *

    As in Ledger. This means you can embed emacs org/outline-mode nodes in your journal file and manipulate it like an outline.

User-visible changes in hledger-web since 0.24.1:

  • GHC 7.10 compatibility (#239)

  • fix the add form when there are included files (#234)

    NB to make this work, the add form now shows the full file path of the main and included journal files.

  • improve add form validation (#223, #234)

    All add form errors are displayed as form errors, not internal server errors, and when there are errors the add form is redisplayed (form inputs are not preserved, currently).

  • keep the add button right-aligned when pressing ctrl - on the add form

2015/3/15 hledger 0.24.1
  • timelog: show hours with 2 decimal places, not 1 (#237)
  • fix balance accumulation through assertions in several commodities (#195)
  • fix rendering of week 52 heading in weekly reports
  • allow utf8-string-1 (fpco/stackage/#426)
2015/3/15 hledger-lib 0.24.1
  • fix JournalReader "ctx" compilation warning
  • add some type signatures in Utils to help make ghci-web
2015/1/10 hledger-web 0.24.1
  • add missing modules to fix cabal tests (#232)

2014/12/25 hledger 0.24

Release contributors: Simon Michael, Julien Moutinho, Ryan Desfosses, Gergely Risko, Gwern Branwen.

CSV export, a non-floating point number representation, more powerful account aliases, speedups, and a streamlined web UI.

User-visible changes in hledger since 0.23.3:


  • fix redundant compilation when cabal installing the hledger packages
  • switch to Decimal for representing amounts (#118)
  • report interval headings (eg in balance, register reports) are shown compactly when possible
  • general speedups.
|                                            || hledger-0.23.3 | hledger-0.24 | ledger |
| -f data/100x100x10.journal     balance     ||           0.05 |         0.03 |   0.01 |
| -f data/1000x1000x10.journal   balance     ||           0.34 |         0.21 |   0.04 |
| -f data/10000x1000x10.journal  balance     ||           2.72 |         1.48 |   0.19 |
| -f data/10000x1000x10.journal  balance aa  ||           3.16 |         1.55 |   0.14 |
| -f data/100x100x10.journal     register    ||           0.09 |         0.05 |   0.04 |
| -f data/1000x1000x10.journal   register    ||           0.66 |         0.32 |   0.30 |
| -f data/10000x1000x10.journal  register    ||           6.27 |         2.77 |   2.80 |
| -f data/10000x1000x10.journal  register aa ||           3.30 |         1.62 |   0.21 |
| -f data/100x100x10.journal     print       ||           0.06 |         0.05 |   0.01 |
| -f data/1000x1000x10.journal   print       ||           0.42 |         0.25 |   0.04 |
| -f data/10000x1000x10.journal  print       ||           3.95 |         2.57 |   0.38 |
| -f data/10000x1000x10.journal  print aa    ||           3.23 |         1.56 |   0.14 |
| -f data/100x100x10.journal     stat        ||           0.04 |         0.03 |   0.01 |
| -f data/1000x1000x10.journal   stat        ||           0.35 |         0.24 |   0.03 |
| -f data/10000x1000x10.journal  stat        ||          14.84 |        13.29 |   0.20 |
| -f data/10000x1000x10.journal  stat aa     ||          12.08 |        10.16 |   0.17 |

Journal format:

  • detect decimal point and digit groups more robustly (#196)
  • check that transaction dates are followed by whitespace or newline
  • check that dates use a consistent separator character
  • balance assertions now are specific to a single commodity, like Ledger (#195)
  • support multi-line comments using "comment", "end comment" directives, like Ledger

CSV format:

  • fix: reading CSV data from stdin now works better
  • the original order of same-day transactions is now usually preserved (if the records appear to be in reverse date order, we reverse them before finally sorting by transaction date)
  • the rules file include directive is now relative to the current file's directory (#198)
  • CSV output is now built in to the balance, print, and register commands, controlled by -O/--output-format (and -o/--output-file, see below). This means that hledger data can be easily exported, eg for spreadsheet reporting or to migrate to a different tool.


  • the --width and --debug options now require their argument (#149)
  • when an option is repeated, the last value takes precedence (#219). This is helpful eg for customising your reporting command aliases on the fly.
  • smart dates (used in -p/-b/-e/date:/date2:) now must use a consistent separator character, and must be parseable to the end
  • output destination and format selection is now built in to the balance, print and register commands, controlled by -o/--output-file and -O/--output-format options. Notes: -o - means stdout. An output file name suffix matching a supported format will also set the output format, unless overridden by --output-format. Commands' supported output formats are listed in their command-line help. Two formats are currently available: txt (the default) and csv.
  • balance assertions can be disabled with --ignore-assertions

Account aliases:

  • all matching account aliases are now applied, not just one directive and one option
  • account aliases now match by case insensitive regular expressions matching anywhere in the account name
  • account aliases can replace multiple occurrences of the pattern within an account name
  • an account alias replacement pattern can reference matched groups with \N


  • date:/date2: with a malformed date now reports an error instead of being ignored
  • amt: now supports >= or <=
  • clarify status: docs and behaviour; "*" is no longer a synonym for "1" (fixes #227)


  • fix: in tree mode, --drop is ignored instead of showing empty account names
  • a depth limit of 0 now shows summary items with account name "...", instead of an empty report (#206)
  • in multicolumn balance reports, -E now also shows posting-less accounts with a non-zero balance during the period (in addition to showing leading & trailing empty columns)
  • in multicolumn reports, multi-commodity amounts are rendered on one line for better layout (#186)
  • multicolumn reports' title now includes the report span


  • runs faster with large output
  • supports date2:, and date:/date2: combined with --date2, better (fixes #201, #221, #222)
  • a depth limit of 0 now shows summary items (see balance)
  • -A/--average now implies -E/--empty
  • postings with multi-commodity amounts are now top-aligned, like Ledger

User-visible changes in hledger-web since 0.23.3:


  • fix: add missing hs/js files to package
  • the web UI has been streamlined, dropping the raw and entries views and the edit form
  • the help dialog has been improved
  • keyboard shortcuts are now available
  • the sidebar can be toggled open or closed (press s)

Journal view:

  • layout tweaks for less truncation of descriptions and account names

Register view:

  • fix: don't show all zero amounts when searching by account within an account register view
  • chart improvements: show zero balances with correct commodity; show accurate balance at all dates; show transaction events & tooltips; show zero/today lines & background colors

Add form:

  • parses data more strictly and gives better errors (eg #194)
  • allows any number of postings, not just two
  • after adding a transaction, goes back to the journal
  • keyboard shortcut (a) allows quick access


  • allow warp 3*, wai-handler-launch 3*
  • require yesod 1.4* (fixes #212)
  • js updated (jquery, bootstrap, flot), added (typeahead, cookie, hotkeys), removed (select2)

API-ish changes in hledger-lib since 0.23.3:

  • fix combineJournalUpdates folding order
  • fix a regexReplaceCI bug
  • fix a splitAtElement bug with adjacent separators
  • mostly replace slow regexpr with regex-tdfa (fixes #189)
  • use the modern Text.Parsec API
  • allow transformers 0.4*
  • regexReplace now supports backreferences
  • Transactions now remember their parse location in the journal file
  • export Regexp types, disambiguate CsvReader's similarly-named type
  • export failIfInvalidMonth/Day (closes #216)
  • track the commodity of zero amounts when possible (useful eg for hledger-web's multi-commodity charts)
  • show posting dates in debug output
  • more debug helpers
2014/9/12 hledger-web 0.23.3
  • remove warp, wai-handler-launch upper bounds (fixes #205)
2014/9/12 hledger 0.23.3
  • allow text 1.2+ (fixes #207)
2014/5/8 hledger 0.23.2
  • register: also fix date sorting of postings (#184)
2014/5/7 hledger 0.23.1
  • register: fix a refactoring-related regression that the tests missed: if transactions were not ordered by date in the journal, register could include postings before the report start date in the output. (#184)
  • add: don't apply a default commodity to amounts on entry (#138)
  • cli: options before the add-on command name are now also passed to it (#182)
  • csv: allow the first name in a fields list to be empty (#178)
  • csv: don't validate fields count in skipped lines (#177)

2014/5/1 hledger 0.23

command-line fixes and polish, a new accounts command, and a number of changes to the balance command relating to --depth, --flat, and multicolumn mode, which I find has made it much more useful. mail

Changes since 0.22.2:

Journal format:

  • A # (hash) in column 0 is now also supported for starting a top-level journal comment, like Ledger.
  • The "too many missing amounts" error now reminds about the 2-space rule.
  • Fix: . (period) is no longer parsed as a valid amount.
  • Fix: default commodity directives no longer limit the maximum display precision (#169).
  • Fix: + before an amount is no longer parsed as part of the commodity (#181).


  • Command-line help cleanups, layout improvements.
  • Descriptions are shown for known add-ons in the command list.
  • Command aliases have been simplified.
  • Add-ons can now have any of these file extensions: none, hs, lhs, pl, py, rb, rkt, sh, bat, com, exe.
  • Add-ons are displayed without their file extensions when possible.
  • Add-ons with the same name as a built-in command or alias are ignored.
  • Fix: add-on detection and invocation now works on windows.
  • Fix: add-ons with digits in the name are now found.
  • Fix: add-on arguments containing a single quote now work.
  • Fix: when -- is used to hide add-on options from the main program, it is no longer passed through as an add-on argument.


  • An accounts command has been added, similar to Ledger's, for listing account names in flat or hierarchical mode.


  • Tab completion now works at all prompts, and will insert the default if the input area is empty.
  • Account and amount defaults are more robust and useful.
  • Transactions may also be completed by the enter key, when there are no more default postings.
  • Input prompts are displayed in a different colour when supported.


  • Balance reports in flat mode now always show exclusive (subaccount-excluding) balances.
  • Balance reports in flat mode with --depth now aggregate deeper accounts at the depth limit instead of excluding them.
  • Multicolumn reports in flat mode now support --drop.
  • Multicolumn balance reports can now show the account hierarchy with --tree.
  • Multicolumn report start/end dates are adjusted to encompass the displayed report periods, so the first and last periods are "full" and comparable to the others.
  • Fix: zero-balance leaf accounts below a non-zero-balance parent are no longer always shown (#170).
  • Fix: multicolumn reports now support --date2 (cf #174).

balancesheet, cashflow, incomestatement:

  • These commands now support --flat and --drop.


  • Tag queries (tag:) will now match a transaction if any of its postings match.


  • The --display option has been dropped. To see an accurate running total which includes the prior starting balance, use --historical/-H (like balance).
  • With a report interval, report start/end dates are adjusted to encompass the displayed periods, so the first and last periods are "full" and comparable to the others.
  • Fix: --date2 now works with report intervals (fixes #174).


  • The currency/commodity query prefix (sym:) has been renamed to cur:.
  • Currency/commodity queries are applied more strongly in register and balance reports, filtering out unwanted currencies entirely. Eg hledger balance cur:'$' now reports only the dollar amounts even if there are multi-currency transactions or postings.
  • Amount queries like amt:N, amt:N, where N is not 0, now do an unsigned comparison of the amount and N. That is, they compare the absolute magnitude. To do a signed comparison instead, write N with its sign (eg amt:+N, amt:<+N, amt:>-N).
  • Fix: amount queries no longer give false positives on multi-commodity amounts.


  • Default report dates now derive from the secondary dates when --date2 is in effect.
  • Default report dates now notice any posting dates outside the transaction dates' span.
  • Debug output improvements.
  • New add-on example: extra/hledger-rewrite.hs, adds postings to matched entries.
  • Compatible with GHC 7.2 (#155) - GHC 7.8, shakespeare 2

2014/5/1 hledger-web 0.23

Changes since 0.22.8:

  • The --static-root flag has been renamed to --file-url.
  • hledger-web now builds with Cabal's default -O, not -O2, so may be a little quicker/less memory-hungry to install.
2014/4/29 hledger-web 0.22.8
  • allow shakespeare 2.* (#179)
2014/4/17 hledger-web 0.22.7
  • add Peter Simons' patch fixing Data.Conduit.Network HostIPv4 error (#171)
2014/4/16 hledger-web 0.22.6
  • depend on hledger[-lib] 0.22.2
2014/4/16 hledger 0.22.2
  • display years before 1000 with four digits, not three
  • avoid pretty-show to build with GHC < 7.4
  • allow text 1.1, drop data-pprint to build with GHC 7.8.x
2014/4/15 hledger-web 0.22.5
  • allow http-client 0.3.*, fixing cabal install again with GHC <= 7.6 (not yet 7.8)
  • use pretty-show only with GHC 7.4+, fixing GHC 7.2 (fixes #155)
  • allow warp 2.1, fixing cabal install
2014/2/10 hledger-web 0.22.4
  • web: include the right unminified version of jquery.url.js (1.1) to avoid js breakage
2014/2/10 hledger-web 0.22.3
  • web: fix version number reported by --version
2014/2/10 hledger-web 0.22.2


  • web: new option --static-root to set the base url for static files


  • web: include unminified source of all javascript to help packagers (fixes #161)
  • web: work around clang-related build failures with OS X mavericks/XCode 5
  • web: allow blaze-html 0.7 (closes #159)
2014/1/6 hledger 0.22.1
  • require the latest pretty-show so hledger installation no longer needs an upgraded version of happy, and the docs build on hackage

  • require regex-tdfa directly instead of regex-compat-tdfa, simplifying Debian packaging

2013/12/13 hledger 0.22



  • balance: with a reporting interval (monthly, yearly etc.), the balance command will now show a multi-column report, showing either the per-period changes in balance (by default), the period ending balances starting from zero (--cumulative), or the actual period ending balances (--historical). A more detailed specification of the balance command's behaviour has been added to Hledger.Cli.Balance.

  • csv: rules files can now include other rules files, useful for factoring out common rules

  • queries: sym:REGEXP matches commodity symbols

  • register: --average/-A shows a running average, like ledger

  • in period expressions, - (hyphen) can be used as a more compact synonym for from and to. Eg: -p 2012/12/1-2013/2/1 or date:aug-.

  • the add-on script examples in extra/ have been updated; get the hledger source and add .../hledger/extra/ to your PATH to make them available. They include:

    • hledger-accountnames.hs - print account names
    • hledger-balance-csv.hs - print a balance report as CSV
    • hledger-equity.hs - print an entry matching all account balances (like ledger)
    • hledger-print-unique.hs - print only journal entries unique descriptions
    • hledger-register-csv.hs - print a register report as CSV


  • balancesheet: now shows just assets and liabilities, not equity

  • print: comment positions (same line or next line) are now preserved

  • queries: amt now uses the = operator by default, eg amt:50 is equivalent to amt:=50

  • command line processing has been overhauled and made more consistent, and now has tests and debug output. More flags now work both before and after COMMAND: -f, --rule-file, --alias, --help, --debug, --version. Command line help, command aliases, API docs and code have been improved.

  • --debug now takes an optional numeric argument to set the debug level higher than 1, for more verbose debug output in a few cases.


  • csv: CSV data containing non-ascii characters is now supported

  • build with latest versions of dependencies (text, warp, http-conduit etc.)

Release contributors:

Marko Kocić, Max Bolingbroke, and a big welcome to first-time committer John Wiegley! :)

2013/7/10 hledger-web 0.21.3
  • drop yesod-platform dependency, it is not worthwhile. The other yesod dependencies are currently without version ranges, so cabal install might require --constraint to restrict them in some cases.
2013/6/23 hledger 0.21.3
  • csv: fix wrong application of multiple assignments in a conditional block
2013/6/4 hledger 0.21.2
  • web: fix a build failure
2013/6/3 hledger 0.21.1
  • web: show proper Y-values in register chart (fixes #122)
  • web: avoid trailing commas in register chart values, in case of trouble with IE

2013/6/1 hledger 0.21

Bugs fixed:

  • parsing: don't fail when a csv amount has trailing whitespace (fixes #113)
  • web: don't show prices in the accounts sidebar (fixes #114)
  • web: show one line per commodity in charts. Needs more polish, but fixes #109.
  • web: bump yesod-platform dependency to avoid a cabal install failure

Journal reading:

  • balance assertions are now checked after reading a journal

web command:

  • web: support/require yesod 1.2
  • web: show zero-balance accounts in the sidebar (fixes #106)
  • web: use nicer select2 autocomplete widgets in the add form

Documentation and infrastructure:

  • add basic cabal test suites for hledger-lib and hledger
2013/5/4 hledger
  • web: require at least version 1.1.7 of yesod-core to avoid a potential build error
  • Update the bug tracker and source repository links on hackage

2013/5/1 hledger 0.20

Bugs fixed:

  • balance: a 0.19 regression which showed wrong total balance with --flat has been fixed (#94)
  • register: when --date2 is used, the register is now sorted by the secondary date
  • web: some missing static & template files have been added to the package, fixing cabal-dev and hackage builds (#97, #98)
  • web: some hardcoded static urls have been fixed
  • Dependencies and code have been updated to support the latest libraries and GHC versions. For now, hledger requires GHC 7.2+ and hledger-web requires GHC 7.4+.

Journal reading:

  • DOS-style line-endings are now also supported in journal and rules files.
  • ! is now accepted in the status field as well as *, like ledger
  • The actual date and effective date terminology has changed to primary date and secondary date. Use --date2 to select the secondary date for reports. (--aux-date or --effective are also accepted for ledger and backwards compatibility).
  • Per-posting dates are supported, using hledger tags or ledger's posting date syntax
  • Comment and tag handling has been improved

CSV reading:

  • CSV conversion rules have a simpler, more flexible syntax. Existing rules files will need to be updated manually:
    • the filename is now FILE.csv.rules instead of FILE.rules
    • FIELD-field N is now FIELD %N+1 (or set them all at once with a fields rule)
    • base-currency is now currency
    • base-account is now account1
    • account-assigning rules: add if before the list of regexps, add indented account2 before the account name
  • parenthesised amounts are parsed as negative


  • Use code: to match the transaction code (check number) field
  • Use amt: followed by <, = or > and a number N to match amounts by magnitude. Eg amt:<0 or amt:=100. This works only with single-commodity amounts (multi-commodity amounts are always matched).
  • tag: can now match (exact, case sensitive) tag values. Eg tag:TAG=REGEXP.

add comand:

  • Transaction codes and comments (which may contain tags) can now be entered, following a date or amount respectively. (#45)
  • The current entry may be restarted by entering < at any prompt. (#47)
  • Entries are displayed and confirmed before they are written to the journal.
  • Default values may be specified for the first entry by providing them as command line arguments.
  • Miscellaneous UI cleanups

register command:

  • The --related/-r flag shows the other postings in each transaction, like ledger.
  • The --width/-w option increases or sets the output width.

web command:

  • The web command now also starts a browser, and auto-exits when unused, by default ("local ui mode"). With --server, it keeps running and logs requests to the console ("server mode").
  • Bootstrap is now used for styling and layout
  • A favicon is served
  • The search field is wider
  • yesod devel is now supported; it uses $LEDGER_FILE or ~/.hledger.journal
  • the blaze_html_0_5 build flag has been reversed and renamed to blaze_html_0_4


  • The hledger-interest and hledger-irr commands have been released/updated.
  • hledger-chart and hledger-vty remain unmaintained and deprecated.

Documentation and infrastructure:

  • The hledger docs and website have been reorganised and updated
  • Manuals for past releases are provided as well as the latest dev version
  • hledger has moved from darcs and darcs hub to git and github (!)
  • The bug tracker has moved from google code to github
  • Feature requests and project planning are now managed on trello
  • A build bot builds against multiple GHC versions on each commit

Release contributors:

  • Sascha Welter commissioned register enhancements (--related and --width)
  • David Patrick contributed a bounty for add enhancements
  • Joachim Breitner added support for ! in status field
  • Xinruo Sun provided hledger-web build fixes
  • Peter Simons provided hledger-web build fixes, and a build bot
  • Marko Kocić provided hledger-web fixes
2012/11/24 hledger-web 0.19.3
  • web: fix " no parse" errors with GHC >= 7.6
  • web & lib refactoring

2012/11/16 hledger-web 0.19

  • builds with yesod 1.1.3
  • obeys command-line query options at startup again
  • the autogenerated session file is now a dot file (.hledger-web_client_session.aes)
2012/11/16 hledger 0.19.1
  • 87: fix an arithmetic and transaction balancing bug with multiple total-priced amounts ( @@ PRICE )
  • parsing: ignore ledger-style balance assertions ( = BAL ) and fixed lot price declarations ( {= PRICE} )

2012/10/21 hledger 0.19

a much faster balance command, and support for the latest GHC and libs. mail

  • hledger, hledger-lib: support GHC 7.6 and latest cmdargs, haskeline, split

  • balance report no longer has an O(n^2) slowdown with large numbers of accounts, and is generally more speedy. Benchmark on a 2010 macbook:

    |                                           || hledger-0.18 | hledger-0.19 | ledger |
    | -f data/100x100x10.journal     balance    ||         0.21 |         0.07 |   0.09 |
    | -f data/1000x1000x10.journal   balance    ||        10.13 |         0.47 |   0.62 |
    | -f data/1000x10000x10.journal  balance    ||        40.67 |         0.67 |   1.01 |
    | -f data/10000x1000x10.journal  balance    ||        15.01 |         3.22 |   2.36 |
    | -f data/10000x1000x10.journal  balance aa ||         4.77 |         4.40 |   2.33 |
  • build version is set with CPP instead of cabal-file-th

2012/7/7 hledger 0.18.2

  • web: fix compilation error with -fblaze_html_0_5 flag
  • bump base lower bound to 4.3 to enforce GHC 7 requirement

2012/6/29 hledger 0.18.1

  • register, print: fix reverse ordering of same-day transactions
  • balance: respect all query terms, not just acct
  • combine command-line flags like --depth properly with non-flag query patterns
  • web: don't auto-create a missing journal file at startup
  • stats: list included journal files
  • support tilde (~) in journal and rules file paths
  • expose more utilities from CsvReader
  • remove ensureRulesFile debug trace

2012/5/29 hledger 0.18


  • web: hledger-web is now based on yesod 1.0
  • web: fix js error breaking second use of add form (#72)
  • web: make yesod devel work
  • the command-line now supports a more powerful query language, consistent with the web UI
  • hledger now fully supports tags (aka metadata) on both transactions and postings, and querying by tag or tag value
  • new commands incomestatement, balancesheet, and cashflow provide basic financial statements under certain conditions
  • format conversion is now done on demand, and the convert command has been dropped. So instead of hledger convert FILE.csv just do hledger -f FILE.csv print or any other command. You can also pipe any supported format into hledger -f- CMD and hledger will try to do the right thing.
  • support for GHC 6.12 has been dropped; this release has been tested with GHC 7.0.4, 7.2.2, and 7.4.1
  • unicode is now handled properly on all supported GHC versions
  • API and internal cleanups
2012/3/3 hledger-web 0.17.1
  • set more upper bounds to fix cabal install issues with latest packages

2012/2/1 hledger 0.17

fixes bugs and updates dependencies mail

  • support HP 2011.4.0.0
  • support and require cmdargs 0.9
  • allow non-threaded builds, supporting more debian architectures
  • parsing: give a clearer error when journal file path contains ~
  • parsing: -B/--cost now ignores P historical prices, like ledger
  • parsing: inferred amounts now use the cost commodity if known, like ledger (#69)
  • balance: report differently-priced lots in an account as a single amount, like ledger
  • web: support and require yesod >= 0.9.4
  • web: use the main aeson package again
  • web: fix a regression with dollar signs in hamlet templates
  • web: add form allowed blank account names (#81)
  • chart, vty: hledger-chart and hledger-vty demoted to non-maintained extras for now
2011/10/26 hledger-web 0.16.5
  • web: fix a ghc 6.12 incompatibility in Settings.hs
2011/10/24 hledger-web 0.16.4
  • web: yet another cabal install fix, fix AppConfig name clash
2011/10/4 hledger-web 0.16.3
  • web: another cabal install fix, disable favicon.ico since it's not easily embeddable
2011/10/4 hledger-web 0.16.2
  • web: more cabal install fixes (remove bad path, add routes and models) (#63)
2011/10/4 hledger 0.16.1
  • parsing: show correct line number for posting parse errors (#67)
  • web: declare static files as extra-source-files to fix cabal install (#63)
  • web: add a threaded flag for debian (#68)
  • web: fewer build warnings by default

2011/10/1 hledger 0.16

a stability/bugfix/polish release (which may become the pattern for even-numbered releases in future.) mail

  • cli: strip the -- when calling add-on commands, so their options work (#64)
  • cli: hledger ADDON --version now shows add-on command's version
  • cli: only the add and web commands auto-create the journal file
  • cli: give a non-confusing error if LEDGER_FILE contains a literal tilde
  • add: clearer prompts, more validation, use . to end also
  • add: use unix line endings consistently, avoiding parse error on windows (#51)
  • add: avoid excess whitespace between transactions (#46)
  • balance: ledger compatibility fix: don't elide parent accounts with multiple displayed subaccounts
  • convert: always order converted transactions by date
  • convert: rename currency -> base-currency, in-field, out-field -> amount-in-field, amount-out-field
  • convert: give an error, not a zero when date or amount-in-field/amount-out-field parsing fails
  • register: show more useful range of intervals with --empty and a query pattern
  • print, web: always show both dates, ignoring --effective (#42)
  • web: production builds (the default with cabal) have all web content embedded (dev builds use ./static/) (#63)
  • web: update to yesod 0.9
  • web: obey at least some of the general reporting options, like --cost
  • web: adjust the default base url when a custom port is specified
  • web: prevent an infinite redirect when custom base url has a trailing slash
  • web: fix "not:'multi word'" patterns
  • web: hide old title and search form when adding/editing
  • web: adjust --help to indicate command-line arguments are not expected
  • web: don't bother running cli unit tests at startup
2011/9/12 hledger 0.15.2, hledger-web 0.15.3
  • handle multiple filter patterns on the command-line again
  • don't pass an add-on command's name to it as an extra argument
  • don't give a confusing error with -f and no command
  • fix a regression balancing a transaction containing different prices
  • web: fix journal edit form
  • web: fix wrong transaction amount in account register with virtual postings
  • web: fix some invalid html
2011/9/2 hledger 0.15.1, hledger-web 0.15.2
  • fix a parsec 2 incompatibility
  • web: add missing Hledger.Web.Options to cabal file
  • web: tighten up dependencies to reduce build problems

2011/9/1 hledger 0.15


  • hledger's options are now modal, providing better help (using cmdargs)
  • hledger now lists and runs any hledger-* add-ons found in the user's path
  • case insensitivity of filter patterns has been fixed
  • parsing: alias/end aliases directives, for renaming accounts, are supported, like ledger's but a bit more powerful; also an --alias option for renaming on the fly
  • parsing: the account directive now preserves posting type (normal/virtual/balanced virtual)
  • parsing: the pop directive is supported as an alias for end tag, like ledger
  • parsing: P (historical price) directives can contain a (ignored) numeric time zone, like ledger
  • parsing: the leading ! in directives is now optional and deprecated, like ledger
  • parsing: entries with a negative amount in the first posting now infer the correct balancing amount
  • parsing: bad date checking is more accurate
  • balance: collapsing of boring accounts to one line can be disabled with --no-elide
  • balance: fix a wrong precision regression from last release
  • convert: standard input can be converted
  • convert: an alternate rules file can be specified with --rules
  • convert: account2-field can be used when the CSV file specifies both accounts
  • convert: description-field can have a custom format and combine multiple CSV fields
  • convert: in-field and out-field support CSV files that use two amount columns
  • convert: don't fail when there's no default journal file
  • web: the web interface has been overhauled/cleaned up
  • web: account register views are now transaction-based, like gnucash etc., and show accurate historical balances when possible
  • web: simple balance charts are displayed (using flot)
  • web: more expressive and consistent search patterns, using a new matching engine
  • web: add form uses currently focussed account as default, redirects to itself, formats status messages better
  • web: sidebar now shows empty/boring accounts too
  • web: now uses warp and a newer yesod
  • api simplifications
  • importable Hledger, Hledger.Web, Hledger.Vty and Hledger.Chart modules
  • the basic reports are now provided by hledger-lib for easier reuse
  • new api use examples: equity.hs, uniquify.hs
  • some old base 3 support has been dropped
  • the old -s flag has been dropped

2011/4/22 hledger 0.14


  • remove the specific process dependency that caused too many cabal install problems
  • treat arguments as possibly-encoded platform strings, do not assume UTF-8
  • hledger now always reads and writes data as UTF-8, ignoring the system locale (#34)
  • look at the LEDGER_FILE env var for the journal path, otherwise LEDGER, like ledger
  • handle a blank LEDGER_FILE or LEDGER value more gracefully (use the default file path)
  • the default journal file path is now ~/.hledger.journal, to avoid breaking mac filevault (#41)
  • amounts with different prices are now aggregated, like ledger
  • zero amounts now have no sign or commodity, like ledger
  • parsing: assume current year when transaction dates have no year and there is no default year
  • parsing: more careful validation of eg leap years in transaction dates
  • parsing: better international number format support, allowing comma as decimal point and flexible digit groups (#32)
  • parsing: support @@ syntax specifying total price
  • parsing: infer the conversion price in transactions involving two unpriced commodities
  • parsing: support per-posting cleared status
  • parsing: more reporting interval syntax: biweekly, bimonthly, every N days/weeks/months/quarters/years, every Nst/nd/rd/th day of month/week
  • add: avoid offering account names for completion in inappropriate contexts
  • add: remember default account even if user submits a different amount.
  • convert: account-field directive specifies a field containing the base account name
  • convert: effective-date-field directive specifies a field containing the effective date
  • convert: date-format directive specifies custom date formats
  • convert: allow amount fields containing "AMT @@ PRICE"
  • histogram: honour the specified start or end dates
  • print: don't show a trailing space when description is blank
  • web: allow filter patterns with spaces if quoted, like command line
  • web: make edit form more cross-browser compatible, fixing it in firefox (#38)
  • web: move hidden add/edit/import forms below main content to help text-mode browsers a bit (#33)

Release contributors: Simon Michael, Dmitry Astapov, Eric Kow, Max Bolingbroke, Omari Norman. Stats: 137 days, 113 commits, 11 end-user features and 15 end-user bugfixes since last release. 189 unit & functional tests and 59% unit test coverage (hledger, hledger-lib packages). 5540 lines of code (all packages).

2010/12/6 hledger 0.13

readline editing and tab completion from Judah Jacobson, more ledger compatibility, a more robust and installable web interface, bugfixes, and a much-deliberated package split. mail

  • move web, vty, chart commands into separate hledger-web, hledger-vty, hledger-chart packages. This both simplifies (no more build flags) and complicates (more room for dependency hassles), but I hope overall it will be easier and more scalable.
  • all packages but chart are now marked "beta", ie "not finished but suitable for everyday use"
  • parsing: ledger compatibility: support D default commodity directive
  • parsing: ledger compatibility: ignore metadata tags on transactions and postings
  • parsing: ledger compatibility: ignore cleared flags at the start of postings
  • parsing: ledger compatibility: ignore C commodity conversion directives
  • parsing: price precisions no longer affect commodities' display precisions
  • add: readline-style editing
  • add: tab-completion for account names
  • add: add the default commodity, if any, to commodity-less amounts (#26)
  • add: misc. commodity/precision/defaults-related bugfixes
  • chart: give a meaningful error message for empty journals
  • chart: update for current Chart lib (0.14)
  • web: support files now live in ./.hledger/web/ and will be auto-created at startup
  • web: page layout is more robust with wide content
  • web: allow editing of included files
  • web: handle multiple filter patterns correctly
  • web: allow single- or double-quoted filter patterns containing spaces
  • web: update for current yesod lib (0.6.*)
  • transaction balancing is now based on display precision (#23)
  • briefer, more informative usage error messages
2010/9/6 hledger 0.12.1


  • web: fix account filtering breakage
  • installing: tighten up utf8-string dependency

2010/9/5 hledger 0.12

  • web: new, better web ui; accounts are now a permanent sidebar; add form uses auto-completing combo fields
  • installing: fix a build error with parsec 3 (#22)
  • installing: require exactly matching hledger-lib version for more robust builds
  • installing: explicit data-object dependency to ensure hledger and hledger-lib use the same time version
  • installing: explicit hamlet dependency for more robust building
  • installing: build threaded and with warnings
  • installing: drop -fweb610 flag
  • installing: add gtk2hs-buildtools dependency needed to build with -fchart
  • installing: require cabal 1.6 or greater
  • add -D/--daily flag
  • register: with --depth, clip account names or aggregate postings rather than excluding them
  • fix !include with deeply nested directories (#21)
  • fix obscured date parse errors with parsec 3
  • handle unicode better in errors
  • fix a ghc 6.12.3 error when running interpreted

Stats: 50 days and 90 commits since last release, now at 5741 lines of code with 136 tests and 41% unit test coverage.

2010/07/17 hledger 0.11.1
  • fix --version output

2010/07/17 hledger 0.11


  • split --help, adding --help-options and --help-all/-H, and make it the default command
  • use "journal" instead of "ledger file"; default suffix is .journal, default file is ~/.journal
  • auto-create missing journal files rather than giving an error
  • new format-detecting file reader (mixed journal transactions and timelog entries are no longer supported)
  • work around for first real-world rounding issue (test zero to 8 decimal places instead of 10)
  • when reporting a balancing error, convert the error amount to cost
  • parsing: support double-quoted commodity symbols, containing anything but a newline or double quote
  • parsing: allow minus sign before commodity symbol as well as after (also fixes a convert bug)
  • parsing: fix wrong parse error locations within postings
  • parsing: don't let trailing whitespace in a timelog description mess up account names
  • add: allow blank descriptions
  • balance: --flat provides a simple non-hierarchical format
  • balance: --drop removes leading account name components from a --flat report
  • print, register, balance: fix layout issues with mixed-commodity amounts
  • print: display non-simple commodity names with double-quotes
  • stats: layout tweaks, add payee/description count
  • stats: don't break on an empty file
  • stats: -p/--period support; a reporting interval generates multiple reports
  • test: drop verbose test runner and testpack dependency
  • web: a new web ui based on yesod, requires ghc 6.12; old ghc 6.10-compatible version remains as -fweb610
  • web: allow wiki-like journal editing
  • web: warn and keep running if reloading the journal gives an error
  • web: --port and --base-url options set the webserver's tcp port and base url
  • web: slightly better browser opening on microsoft windows, should find a standard firefox install now
  • web: in a web-enabled build on microsoft windows, run the web ui by default

Stats: 55 days and 136 commits since last release. Now at 5552 lines of code with 132 tests and 54% unit test coverage.

2010/05/23 hledger 0.10

installation and bug fixes and api improvements mail

  • fix too-loose testpack dependency, missing safe dependency
  • fix ghc 6.12 compatibility with -fweb
  • fix handling of non-ascii arguments with ghc 6.12
  • fix "0.8" in --version output
  • fix an occasional stack overflow error due to infinite recursion in Posting/Transaction equality tests
  • the -fwebhappstack build flag is gone for now, to avoid a cabal problem
  • parsing: if there is no description, don't require a space after the transaction date
  • parsing: balance balanced-virtual postings separately, allow them to have an implicit amount
  • parsing: timelog entries now generate balanced transactions, using virtual postings
  • parsing: simpler high-level parse error message
  • parsing: clearer bad date errors
  • add: fix wrongful program exit on bad dates
  • print: negative account patterns now exclude transactions containing any posting to a matched account
  • vty: rename the ui command to vty for consistency
  • vty: fix restricted account scope when backing up to top level
  • web: fix non-ascii handling with ghc 6.12
  • web: fix a bug possibly affecting reload-on-change
  • consolidate module namespace under Hledger, api cleanups

Stats: 44 days, 81 commits since last release. Now at 4904 lines of code including tests, 144 tests, 53% coverage.

2010/04/10 hledger 0.9

many bugfixes and small improvements, GHC 6.12 support, and a separate library package to make building (h)ledger-compatible tools easier. mail

  • ghc 6.12 support
  • split off hledger-lib package, containing core types & utils
  • parsing: ignore D, C, N, tag, end tag directives; we should now accept any ledger 2.6 file
  • parsing: allow numbers in commodities if double-quoted, like ledger
  • parsing: allow transactions with empty descriptions
  • parsing: show a better error for illegal month/day numbers in dates
  • parsing: don't ignore trailing junk in a smart date, eg in web add form
  • parsing: don't ignore unparsed text following an amount
  • parsing: @ was being treated as a currency symbol
  • add: fix precision handling in default amounts (#19)
  • add: elide last amount in added transactions
  • convert: keep original description by default, allow backreferences in replace pattern
  • convert: basic csv file checking, warn instead of dying when it looks wrong
  • convert: allow blank/comment lines at end of rules file
  • print: always show zero amounts as 0, hiding any commodity/decimal places/price, like ledger
  • register: fix bad layout with years < 1000
  • register: fix a Prelude.head error with reporting interval, --empty, and --depth
  • register: fix a regression, register should not show posting comments
  • register: with --empty, intervals should continue to ends of the specified period
  • stats: better output when last transaction is in the future
  • stats: show commodity symbols, account tree depth, reorder slightly
  • web: -fweb now builds with simpleserver; to get happstack, use -fwebhappstack instead
  • web: pre-fill the add form with today's date
  • web: help links, better search form wording
  • web: show a proper error for a bad date in add form (#17)
  • web: fix for unicode search form values
  • web: fix stack overflow caused by regexpr, and handle requests faster (#14)
  • web: look for more-generic browser executables
  • web: more robust browser starting (#6)
  • error message cleanups
  • more tests, refactoring, docs

Stats: 58 days, 2 contributors, 102 commits since last release. Now at 3983 lines of non-test code, 139 tests, 53% coverage.

2010/02/11 hledger 0.8

Bug fixes, refactoring and Hi-Res Graphical Charts. mail

  • parsing: in date=date2, use first date's year as a default for the second
  • add: ctrl-d doesn't work on windows, suggest ctrl-c instead
  • add: --no-new-accounts option disallows new accounts (Roman Cheplyaka)
  • add: re-use the previous transaction's date as default (Roman Cheplyaka)
  • add: a command-line argument now filters by account during history matching (Roman Cheplyaka)
  • chart: new command, generates balances pie chart (requires -fchart flag, gtk2hs) (Roman Cheplyaka, Simon Michael)
  • register: make reporting intervals honour a display expression (#18)
  • web: fix help link
  • web: use today as default when adding with a blank date
  • web: re-enable account/period fields, they seem to be fixed, along with file re-reading (#16)
  • web: get static files from the cabal data dir, or the current dir when using make (#13)
  • web: preserve encoding during add, assuming it's utf-8 (#15)
  • fix some non-utf8-aware file handling (#15)
  • filter ledger again for each command, not just once at program start
  • refactoring, clearer data types

Stats: 62 days, 2 contributors, 76 commits since last release. Now at 3464 lines of non-test code, 97 tests, 53% test coverage.

2009/12/11 hledger 0.7


  • price history support (first cut): P directives now work, though differently from ledger. Each posting amount takes its fixed unit price from the price history (or @) when available. This is simple and useful for things like foreign currency expenses (but not investment tracking). Like ledger, balance and register don't show amount prices any more, and don't separate differently-priced amounts. Unlike ledger, print shows all amount prices, and supports -B.
  • --effective option, will use transactions' effective dates if any
  • convert: new rules file format, find/create rules file automatically, more robust parsing, more useful --debug output
  • print: always sort by date, fix long account name truncation, align amounts, show end of line comments, show all amounts for clarity (don't elide the final balancing amount)
  • ui: use vty 4, fixes non-ascii and gnome terminal problems (issues #3, #4)
  • web: allow data entry, react to data file changes, better layout, help links, remove histogram command and filter fields for now, fix bad localhost redirect, filter form did not work in eg firefox (issue #7), reset link did not work in all browsers
  • parsing: require whitespace between date and status code, allow (and ignore) a time in price records, better error messages, non-zero exit code on parse failure
  • display non-ascii error messages properly (issue #5)
  • fix an arithmetic bug that occasionally rejected valid transactions
  • fix a regex bug in showtree
  • don't break if HOME is undefined
  • --debug now implies --verbose
  • add functional tests like ledger's, use test-framework for speedy running, release shelltestrunner as a separate package
  • many hlint cleanups (Marko Kocić)
  • many site and documentation updates

Stats: 60 days, 1 contributor, 50 commits since last release. Now at 3377 lines of non-test code, 97 tests, 53% test coverage.

2009/06/22 hledger 0.6.1
  • avoid use of exitSuccess which was breaking ghc 6.8/base 3 compatibility (issue #2)

2009/06/13 hledger 0.6

Some pre-built binaries are now available. cabal install works on gnu/linux, mac and windows. Hurrah! mail

  • now cabal-installable on unix, mac, and windows, with Haskell Platform
  • provide experimental platform binaries
  • parsing: fix a silly failure to open ledger file paths containing ~
  • parsing: show better errors for unbalanced transaction and missing default year
  • parsing: allow parentheses and brackets inside account names, as ledger does
  • parsing: fail on empty account name components, don't just ignore
  • add: description passed as arguments now affects first transaction only
  • add: better handling of virtual postings and default amounts
  • print, register: show virtual accounts bracketed/parenthesised
  • web: improved web ui supporting full patterns & period expressions
  • new "stats" command reports some ledger statistics
  • many dev/doc/deployment infrastructure improvements
  • move website into darcs repo, update home page
  • move issue tracker to google code

Release stats:

  • Contributors: Simon Michael
  • Days since last release: 21
  • Commits: 94
  • Lines of non-test code: 2865
  • Tests: 82
  • Test coverage: 53% expressions
  • Known errors: 3 (inconsistent eliding, vty-related failures)
  • Performance: similar (
2009/05/23 hledger 0.5.1
  • two fixes: really disable vty flag by default, and include ConvertCommand in cabal file

2009/05/23 hledger 0.5


  • the vty flag is disabled by default again, to ease installation on windows
  • use ledger 3 terminology: a ledger contains transactions which contain postings
  • new "add" command prompts for transactions interactively and adds them to the ledger
  • new "convert" command transforms bank CSV exports to ledger format, with rule-based cleanup
  • new "histogram" command shows transaction counts per day or other reporting interval
  • most commands now work properly with UTF8-encoded text (Sergey Astanin)
  • invoking as "hours" is now less different: it just uses your timelog, not your ledger
  • --quarterly/-Q option summarises by quarter
  • --uncleared/-U option looks only at uncleared transactions
  • be more accurate about checking balanced amounts, don't rely on display precision
  • enforce balancing for bracketed virtual postings
  • fix bug in eliding of posting amounts
  • don't show trailing spaces on amountless postings
  • parse null input as an empty ledger
  • don't treat comments as part of transaction descriptions
  • require some postings in ledger transactions
  • require a non-empty description in ledger transactions
  • don't fail when matching an empty pattern, as in "not:"
  • make the web server handle the null path
  • code, api and documentation updates
  • add a contributor agreement/list

Release stats:

  • Contributors: Simon Michael, Sergey Astanin
  • Days since last release: 51
  • Commits: 101
  • Lines of non-test code: 2795
  • Tests: 76
  • Known errors: 0

2009/04/03 hledger 0.4

There is also a new website at, with screenshots (textual!), a demo (will it survive!?), and docs (not too many!) ... I wrote it because I did not want to hack on c++ and because haskell seemed a good fit ... new happstack-based web interface. mail

  • new "web" command serves reports in a web browser (install with -f happs to build this)
  • make the vty-based curses ui a cabal build option, which will be ignored on MS windows
  • drop the --options-anywhere flag, that is now the default
  • patterns now use not: and desc: prefixes instead of ^ and ^^
  • patterns are now case-insensitive, like ledger
  • !include directives are now relative to the including file (Tim Docker)
  • "Y2009" default year directives are now supported, allowing m/d dates in ledger
  • individual transactions now have a cleared status
  • unbalanced entries now cause a proper warning
  • balance report now passes all ledger compatibility tests
  • balance report now shows subtotals by default, like ledger 3
  • balance report shows the final zero total when -E is used
  • balance report hides the final total when --no-total is used
  • --depth affects print and register reports (aggregating with a reporting interval, filtering otherwise)
  • register report sorts transactions by date
  • register report shows zero-amount transactions when -E is used
  • provide more convenient timelog querying when invoked as "hours"
  • multi-day timelog sessions are split at midnight
  • unterminated timelog sessions are now counted. Accurate time reports at last!
  • the test command gives better --verbose output
  • --version gives more detailed version numbers including patchlevel for dev builds
  • new make targets include: ghci, haddocktest, doctest, unittest, view-api-docs
  • a doctest-style framework for functional/shell tests has been added

Release stats:

  • Contributors: Simon Michael, Tim Docker; thanks to the HAppS, happstack and testpack developers
  • Days since release: 76
  • Commits: 144
  • Lines of non-test code: 2367
  • Tests: 56
  • Known errors: 0

2009/01/17 hledger 0.3


  • count timelog sessions on the day they end, like ledger, for now
  • when options are repeated, use the last instead of the first
  • builds with ghc 6.10 as well as 6.8
  • a simple ui for interactive report browsing: hledger ui
  • accept smart dates everywhere (YYYYMMDD, Y/M/D, Y, M/D, D, jan, today, last week etc.)
  • --period/-p flag accepting period expressions like "in 2008", "weekly from last month"..
  • -W/-M/-Y convenience flags to summarise register weekly, monthly, yearly
  • --depth and -E flags also affect summarised register reports (including depth=0)
  • --display/-d flag supporting date predicates (like "d<[DATE]", "d>=[DATE]")
  • !include directive to include additional ledger files
  • !account directive to set a default parent account
  • Added support for reading historical prices from files
  • timelog and ledger entries can be intermixed in one file
  • modifier and periodic entries can appear anywhere (but are still ignored)
  • help and readme improvements
  • runs much faster than 0.2

Release stats:

  • Contributors: Simon Michael, Nick Ingolia, Tim Docker; thanks to Corey O'Connor & the vty team
  • Lines of non-test code: 2123
  • Tests: 58
  • Known errors: 1

2008/11/23 hledger 0.2


  • fix balance report totals when filtering by account
  • fix balance report selection of accounts when filtering by account
  • fix a bug with account name eliding in balance report
  • if we happen to be showing a not-yet-auto-balanced entry, hide the AUTO marker
  • fix print command filtering by account
  • omit transactions with zero amount from register report
  • Fix bug in parsing of timelogs
  • rename --showsubs to --subtotal, like ledger
  • drop --usage flag
  • don't require quickcheck
  • priced amounts (eg "10h @ $50") and --basis/--cost/-B flag to show them with cost basis
  • easy --depth option, equivalent to ledger's -d 'l<=N'
  • smarter y/m/d date parsing for -b and -e (any number of digits, month and day default to 1, separator can be / - or .)
  • -n flag for balance command
  • --empty/-E flag
  • build a library, as well as the exe
  • new home page url (
  • publish html and pdf versions of README
  • detect display preferences for each commodity like ledger
  • support amounts with multiple currencies/commodities
  • support --real/-R flag
  • support -C/--cleared flag to filter by entry status (not transaction status)
  • support virtual and balanced virtual transactions
  • parse comment lines beginning with a space, as from M-; in emacs ledger-mode
  • allow any non-whitespace in account names, perhaps avoiding misleading missing amounts errors
  • clearer error message when we can't balance an entry
  • when we fail because of more than one missing amount in an entry, show the full entry
  • document the built-in test runner in --help
  • add a --verbose/-v flag, use it to show more test-running detail

Release stats:

  • Contributors: Simon Michael, Tim Docker
  • Lines of non-test code: 1350
  • Tests: 43
  • Known errors: 0

2008/10/15 hledger 0.1

mail I'm pleased to announce the first release of hledger, a command-line accounting tool similar to John Wiegley's c++ ledger. hledger generates simple ledger-compatible transaction & account balance reports from a plain text ledger file. It's simple to use, at least for techies. This has been my "learning Haskell" project, but I think it's also useful. It is much less featureful than ledger, and not quite as fast, but it has the virtue of being fun for haskellers to hack on. I am documenting the code, the app is simple, and I'm not too far up the haskell learning curve, so I think other people learning haskell might enjoy a look. It is currently ~1100 lines of haskell excluding tests. My thanks to John Wiegley for help with compatibility and for his very useful ledger tool. I use it (and now, both of them) daily to track time and money. This is of course a hot topic around our planet. I hope you find it useful or intriguing.

Release stats:

  • Contributors: Simon Michael